Physics:Argonaut class reactor

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The Argonaut class reactor is a design of small nuclear research reactor. Many have been built throughout the world, over a wide range of power levels. Its functions are to teach nuclear reactor theory, nuclear physics and for use in engineering laboratory experiments.[1][2][3][4][5][6]

Description

The original Argonaut (Argonne Nuclear Assembly for University Training) was built at Argonne National Laboratory and went critical for the first time on February 9, 1957.[7] It was shut down in 1972. This reactor was rated for 10 kilowatts.[8][9]

List of Argonaut-class research reactors in the world[10][11]
Country Facility Name Institution Thermal Power (kW) Status First criticality Final shutdown References
Australia MOATA Australian Atomic Energy Commission 100 Decommissioned 01/04/1961 31/05/1995 [12]
Austria Siemens Argonaut Reaktor-Graz (SAR-Graz) Graz University of Technology 10 Decommissioned 17/05/1965 31/08/2004 [13][14]
Brazil Argonauta Instituto de Engenharia Nuclear (IEN) 0.2 Operational 20/02/1965 [15][16]
France Ulysse CEA 100 Under decommissioning 23/07/1961 12/1997 [17][18]
France Réacteur Université de Strasbourg (RUS) University of Strasbourg 100 Decommissioned 1967 12/1997 [19]
Germany Rossendorfer Ringzonen Reaktor (RRR) Strahlenschutz, Analytik und Entsorgung Rossendorf e.V. 1 Decommissioned 16/12/1962 25/09/1991 [20][21]
Germany Schnell-Thermischen Argonaut-Reaktor (STARK) Karlsruher Institut für Technologie 0.01 Decommissioned 11/01/1963 03/1976 [20]
Germany AEG Prüfreaktor (PR-10) Kraftwerk Union AG (KWU) 0.18 Decommissioned 27/01/1961 1976 [20]
Germany Siemens Argonaut Reactor (SAR) Technical University of Munich 1 Decommissioned 31/10/1968 20/03/1968 [20]
Italy Reattore Bologna Due (RB-2) AGIP Nucleare 10 Decommissioned 28/05/1963 12/1980 [22]
Japan University Test Reactor (UTR) Kinki University 0.001 Operational 11/11/1961 [23][24][25]
Netherlands Low Flux Reactor (LFR) Nuclear Research and Consultancy Group 30 Decommissioned 28/08/1960 12/2010 [26][27][28]
Netherlands Atoomreactor THE NEderland (ATHENE) Eindhoven University of Technology 10 Decommissioned 03/02/1969 1973 [29][30][31]
Spain Argos Research Reactor Polytechnic University of Catalonia 1 Decommissioned 11/06/1962 06/09/1977 [32][33][34][35]
Spain Argonaut Reactor Bilbao (ARBI) University School of Technical Industrial Engineering of Bilbao 10 Decommissioned 26/02/1962 1974 [36]
Taiwan Tsing Hua Argonaut Reactor (THAR) National Tsing Hua University 10 Decommissioned 20/04/1974 05/1991 [37][38]
UK Neutron Source Thermal Reactor (NESTOR) AEE Winfrith 30 Decommissioned 01/01/1961 06/1995 [39][40]
UK Jason Royal Naval College 10 Decommissioned 30/09/1959 07/1996 [41][42]
UK UTR-300 Scottish Universities Research and Reactor Centre 300 Decommissioned 01/06/1963 09/1995 [43][44][45]
UK UTR-B Queen Mary University of London 100 Decommissioned 10/06/1968 04/1982 [46][47]
UK Universities Research Reactor University of Liverpool Victoria University of Manchester 300 Decommissioned 07/07/1964 07/1991 [48][49]
USA University of Florida Training Reactor (UFTR) University of Florida 100 Operational 28/05/1959 [50]
USA UTR Test Reactor American Radiator and Standard Sanitary Corporation 0.015 Decommissioned 01/12/1961 1963 [51]
USA University Teaching and Research Reactor (UTR-1) American Radiator and Standard Sanitary Corporation 0.001 Decommissioned 01/02/1958 1960 [52]
USA Juggernaut Argonne National Laboratory 250 Decommissioned 11/01/1962 04/1970 [53][54]
USA UTR-10 Virginia Tech 100 Decommissioned 01/12/1959 1984 [55][56]
USA UTR-10 Iowa State University 10 Decommissioned 01/10/1959 05/1998 [57]
USA UWNR University of Washington 100 Decommissioned 01/04/1961 06/1988
USA UCLA R1 UCLA 100 Decommissioned 01/10/1960 01/1984 [58]

See also

Citations

  1. Armstrong, R. H; Kolb, W. L; Lennox, D. H (1957) (in English). Engineering, construction and cost of the Argonaut reactor. Lemont, Illinois: Argonne National Laboratory. https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc67185/m2/1/high_res_d/metadc67185.pdf. 
  2. Sturm, W.J.; Daavettila, D.A. (1961) (in English). Argonaut Reactor Data-Book. A compilation of experimental and theoretical results of work done with, or related to, the Argonaut Reactor to July 1960 (Report). doi:10.2172/4054362. https://www.osti.gov/biblio/4054362/. 
  3. Lennox, D. H; Spinrad, B.I.; Kelber, C.N.; Armstrong, R. H; Kolb, W. L (1958) (in English). The Argonaut Reactor: A Generalized Reactor Facility For Nuclear Technology Training And Research (Report). https://www.osti.gov/biblio/4306796-argonaut-reactor-generalized-reactor-facility-nuclear-technology-training-research. 
  4. (in English) Operating Manual For The Argonaut Reactor (Report). 1959. doi:10.2172/4186199. https://www.osti.gov/biblio/4186199/. 
  5. Armstrong, R.H.; Kelber, C.N. (1957-03-01). "Argonaut -Argonne's Reactor For University Training" (in English). Nucleonics 15 (3). 
  6. Kelber, C.N. (1957-05-01) (in English). The Theoretical Physics Of The Argonaut Reactor. doi:10.2172/4371597. https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1020256/. 
  7. Argonne National Laboratory 2016.
  8. Department of Energy Office of Nuclear Energy, Science and Technology 2003, p. 23.
  9. Lennox, D.H.; Spinrad, B.I. (1956-03-01) (in English). A GENERALIZED REACTOR FACILITY FOR NUCLEAR TECHNOLOGY TRAINING AND RESEARCH. Interim Report on "ARGONAUT". doi:10.2172/4370769. https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1019356/. 
  10. Hawley, S. C.; Kathern, R. L.; Robkin, M. A. (1981-04-01) (in English). Analysis of Credible Accidents for Argonaut Reactors. doi:10.2172/1080075. https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc838855/. 
  11. IAEA. "Research Reactor Database". https://nucleus.iaea.org/RRDB/RR/ReactorSearch.aspx. 
  12. Finlay, R.; Miller, R.; Dimitrovski, L.; Domingo, X.; Landau, P.; Valery, J.; Laloy, V.. "Australian research reactors spent fuel management: the path to sustainability" (in English). Conference Proceedings RRFM2017. http://www.euronuclear.org/meetings/rrfm2017/pdf/fullpapers/RRFM2017-A0104.pdf. 
  13. H. Böck, A. Musilek, M. Villa (2004). "Research Reactors In Austria – Present Situation". 2004 International RERTR Meeting. https://www.rertr.anl.gov/RERTR26/pdf/52-Boeck.pdf. 
  14. Mueller, H; Schuerrer, F; Ninaus, W; Oswald, K; Rabitsch, H; Kreiner, H; Neef, R D (1984) (in en). Der Siemens-Argonaut-Reaktor als Treiberzone fuer eine Hochtemperaturreaktorzelle. https://www.osti.gov/etdeweb/servlets/purl/956982. 
  15. "Brazil, Federative Republic of : Research Reactor Details – ARGONAUTA". http://www-naweb.iaea.org/napc/physics/research_reactors/database/RR%20Data%20Base/datasets/report/Brazil,%20Federative%20Republic%20of%20%20%20Research%20Reactor%20Details%20-%20ARGONAUTA.htm. 
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  20. 20.0 20.1 20.2 20.3 Ines Bredberg, Johann Hutter, Kerstin Kühn, Katarzyna Niedzwiedz, Frank Philippczyk, Julia Dose (2013). State and Development of Nuclear Power Utilization in the Federal Republic of Germany 2013 (Report). https://doris.bfs.de/jspui/bitstream/urn:nbn:de:0221-2014102711847/3/BfS-SK-24-14.pdf. 
  21. Kampf, T., Liewers, P. (1 July 1963). "The Rossendorf Ring Zone Reactor (RRR) -An Instrument For Reactor Physics Research". Kernenergie (East Germany) 6. 
  22. "Montecuccolino" (in it-it). http://masternucleare.ing.unibo.it/montecuccolino.html. 
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  28. NRG (2018-10-17), Ontmanteling Lage Flux Reactor in Petten, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SWMxlDQiB6A, retrieved 2018-11-12 
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  31. D.H. Dodd, J.B. Grupa, M. Houkema, J.B.M. de Haas, Th. Van der Kaa & A.C. Veltkam (2000). "Direct Disposal of Spent Fuel from Test and Research Reactors in the Netherlands". COVRA Report. https://covra.nl/downloads/opera/CORA%2005%20Direct%20Disposal%20of%20Spent%20Fuel%20from%20Test%20and%20Research%20Reactors%20in%20the%20Netherlands.pdf. 
  32. "Spain dismantels research reactor" (in en). 11 September 1992. https://www.wiseinternational.org/nuclear-monitor/377/spain-dismantels-research-reactor. 
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References

Further reading