|Edited by||Michael Thoennessen|
|History||1893–1913 Series I|
1913–1970 Series II
1970–present Series III
1970–present Phys. Rev. A, B, C, D
1993–present Phys. Rev. E
1998–present Phys. Rev. AB
2005–present Phys. Rev. PER
2011–present Phys. Rev. X
2014–present Phys. Rev. Applied
2016–present Phys. Rev. Fluids
2017–present Phys. Rev. Materials
2019–present Phys. Rev. Research
2020–present PRX Quantum
American Physical Society (United States)
|ISO 4||Phys. Rev.|
Physical Review is a peer-reviewed scientific journal established in 1893 by Edward Nichols. It publishes original research as well as scientific and literature reviews on all aspects of physics. It is published by the American Physical Society (APS). The journal is in its third series, and is split in several sub-journals each covering a particular field of physics. It has a sister journal, Physical Review Letters, which publishes shorter articles of broader interest.
Physical Review commenced publication in July 1893, organized by Cornell University professor Edward Nichols and helped by the new president of Cornell, J. Gould Schurman. The journal was managed and edited at Cornell in upstate New York from 1893 to 1913 by Nichols, Ernest Merritt, and Frederick Bedell. The 33 volumes published during this time constitute Physical Review Series I.
The American Physical Society (APS), founded in 1899, took over its publication in 1913 and started Physical Review Series II. The journal remained at Cornell under editor-in-chief G. S. Fulcher from 1913 to 1926, before relocating to the location of editor John Torrence Tate, Sr.[note 1] at the University of Minnesota. In 1929, the APS started publishing Reviews of Modern Physics, a venue for longer review articles.
After Tate's death in 1950, the journals were managed on an interim basis still in Minnesota by E. L. Hill and J. William Buchta until Samuel Goudsmit and Simon Pasternack were appointed and the editorial office moved to Brookhaven National Laboratory on Eastern Long Island, New York. In July 1958, the sister journal Physical Review Letters was introduced to publish short articles of particularly broad interest, initially edited by George L. Trigg, who remained as editor until 1988.
In 1970, Physical Review split into sub-journals Physical Review A, B, C, and D. A fifth member of the family, Physical Review E, was introduced in 1993 to a large part to accommodate the huge amount of new research in nonlinear dynamics. Combined, these constitute Physical Review Series III.
The editorial office moved in 1980 to its present location across the expressway from Brookhaven National Laboratory. Goudsmit retired in 1974 and Pasternack in the mid-1970s. Past Editors in Chief include David Lazarus (1980–1990; University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign), Benjamin Bederson (1990–1996; New York University), Martin Blume (1996–2007; Brookhaven National Laboratory), and Gene Sprouse (2007–2015; SUNY Stony Brook). The current Editor in Chief is Michael Thoennessen, whose term began in September 2017.
To celebrate the hundredth anniversary of the journal, a memoir was published jointly by the APS and AIP.
In 1998, the first issue of Physical Review Special Topics: Accelerators and Beams was published, and in 2005, Physical Review Special Topics: Physics Education Research was launched. In January 2016 the names of both journals were changed to remove "Special Topics". Physical Review also started an online magazine, Physical Review Focus, in 1998 to explain and provide historical context for selected articles from Physical Review and Physical Review Letters. This was merged into Physics in 2011. The Special Topics journals are open access; Physics Education Research requires page charges from the authors, but Accelerators and Beams does not. Though not fully open access, Physical Review Letters also requires an author page charge, although this is voluntary. The other journals require such a charge only if manuscripts are not prepared in one of the preferred formats. Since 2011, authors can pay an article processing charge to make their papers open access. Such papers are published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License (CC-BY). Physical Review Letters celebrated their 50th birthday in 2008. The APS has a copyright policy to permit the author to reuse parts of the published article in a derivative or new work, including on Wikipedia.
The APS has an online publication entitled Physics, aiming to help physicists and physics students to learn about new developments outside of their own subfield. This now includes the general-interest articles that appeared as Physical Review Focus. A short-lived journal, also called Physics, was published by Pergamon Press and Physics Publishing Co. from 1964 through 1968, with the goal of printing "a selection of papers which are worth the attention of all physicists." The four volumes of this journal were eventually made freely available online by the APS under the alternative title Physics Physique Физика, reflecting how the title was originally printed on the journal covers and how it was sometimes referred to in the years since.
It also publishes Physical Review X, an online-only open access journal. It is a peer-reviewed journal that publishes, as timely as possible, original research papers from all areas of pure, applied, and interdisciplinary physics. In 2014 Physical Review Applied began publishing research across all aspects of experimental and theoretical applications of physics, including their interactions with other sciences, engineering, and industry. In 2016 the APS launched Physical Review Fluids "to include additional areas of fluid dynamics research", and in 2017 it launched Physical Review Materials "to fill a gap" in the coverage of materials research. In 2019 Physical Review Research was launched to provide a broad fully open-access journal at about the same selectivity level as the older A - E journals. In 2020, PRX Quantum was launched to provide a home for and connection between the numerous research communities that make up quantum information science and technology, spanning from pure science to engineering to computer science and beyond.
|Journal||ISO 4 abbreviation||Editor(s)||Impact factor (2020)||Published||Scope||ISSN||Website|
|Physical Review Letters||Phys. Rev. Lett.||Hugues Chaté
Reinhardt B. Schuhmann
|9.161||1958–present||The full range of applied, fundamental, and interdisciplinary physics research topics||ISSN 0031-9007 (print)
ISSN 1079-7114 (web)
|Physical Review X||Phys. Rev. X||Jean-Michel Raimond
M. Cristina Marchetti
|15.762||2011–present||PRX covers the full spectrum of subject areas in physics and pays particular attention to innovative interdisciplinary research of wide impact||ISSN 2160-3308 (web)||https://journals.aps.org/prx|
|PRX Quantum||PRX Quantum||Stephen Bartlett
||2020–present||PRX Quantum publishes research in quantum information science and technology, spanning from pure science to engineering to computer science and beyond.||ISSN 2691-3399 (web)||https://journals.aps.org/prxquantum|
|Reviews of Modern Physics||Rev. Mod. Phys.||Randall Kamien
A. H. Castro Neto
|54.494||1929–present||The full range of applied, fundamental, and interdisciplinary physics research topics||ISSN 0034-6861 (print)
ISSN 1539-0756 (web)
|Physical Review A[note 2]||Phys. Rev. A||Jan Michael Rost
Gordon W. F. Drake
|3.140||1970–present||Atomic, molecular, and optical physics, foundations of quantum mechanics and quantum information||ISSN 1050-2947 (print)
ISSN 1094-1622 (web)
|Physical Review B[note 2]||Phys. Rev. B||Laurens W. Molenkamp
Anthony M. Begley
|4.036||1970–present||The full range of condensed matter, materials physics, and related subfields||ISSN 1098-0121 (print)
ISSN 1550-235X (web)
|Physical Review C||Phys. Rev. C||Benjamin F. Gibson
|3.296||1970–present||Experimental and theoretical results in all aspects of nuclear physics||ISSN 0556-2813 (print)
ISSN 1089-490X (web)
|Physical Review D||Phys. Rev. D||Mirjam Cvetič
Urs M. Heller
|5.296||1970–present||Experimental and theoretical results in all aspects of particle physics, field theory, gravitation, and cosmology||ISSN 1550-7998 (print)
ISSN 1550-2368 (web)
|Physical Review E||Phys. Rev. E||Eli Ben-Naim
Dirk Jan Bukman
|2.529||1993–present||Statistical, nonlinear, biological and soft matter physics||ISSN 1539-3755 (print)
ISSN 1550-2376 (web)
|Physical Review Research||Phys. Rev. Res.||Nicola Spaldin
|2019–present||All research topics of interest to the physics community||ISSN 2643-1564 (web)||https://journals.aps.org/prresearch|
|Physical Review Accelerators and Beams||Phys. Rev. Accel. Beams||Frank Zimmermann
|1.639||1998–present||All topics in accelerator science, applications, and technology||ISSN 2469-9888 (web)||https://journals.aps.org/prab|
|Physical Review Applied||Phys. Rev. Appl.||Stephen R. Forrest
|4.985||2014–present||All aspects of experimental and theoretical applications of physics||ISSN 2331-7019 (web)||https://journals.aps.org/prapplied|
|Physical Review Fluids||Phys. Rev. Fluids||John Kim
L. Gary Leal
|2.537||2016–present||All aspects of fluid dynamics research||ISSN 2469-990X (web)||https://journals.aps.org/prfluids|
|Physical Review Materials||Phys. Rev. Mater.||Chris Leighton
|3.989||2017–present||Wide range of topics on materials research||ISSN 2475-9953 (web)||https://journals.aps.org/prmaterials|
|Physical Review Physics Education Research||Phys. Rev. Phys. Ed. Res.||Charles Henderson
|2.582||2005–present||Experimental and theoretical physics education research||ISSN 2469-9896 (web)||https://journals.aps.org/prper|
|Physics||Physics||Jessica Thomas||2008–present||All of Physics||ISSN 1943-2879 (web)||https://physics.aps.org|
|Physical Review, Series I||Phys. Rev.||1893–1912||All of Physics||https://journals.aps.org/archive|
|Physical Review, Series II[note 2]||Phys. Rev.||1913–1969||All of Physics||https://journals.aps.org/archive|
|Physics Physique Физика[note 3]||Philip Warren Anderson
B. T. Matthias
- Not to be confused with his son, the number theorist John Torrence Tate Jr.
- Volumes 133-140 of the Series II in years 1964 and 1965 were split into issues A and B. Later they were unified into a single series again. They are different from Phys. Rev. A and B of the third series. For example "Phys. Rev. 133 A1 (1964)" is an article of Ser. II, while "Phys. Rev. A 1 1 (1970) is of Phys. Rev. A.
- Perhaps most noteworthy for publishing Bell's theorem in 1964.
- Conant, Jennet (2002). Tuxedo Park. New York: Simon & Schuster. p. 106. ISBN 978-0-684-87287-2. https://archive.org/details/tuxedopark00jenn.
- Voss, David (June 2017). "Michael Thoennessen Appointed New APS Editor in Chief". American Physical Society. https://www.aps.org/publications/apsnews/updates/thoennessen.cfm.
- Hartman, Paul (1994). A Memoir on The Physical Review: A History of the First Hundred Years. New York: American Physical Society & American Institute of Physics. p. 212. ISBN 978-1-56396-282-0.
-  Renaming the APS Special Topics Series, American Physical Society, December 31, 2015
- "Submission guidelines". March 2008. http://authors.aps.org/esubs/guidelines.html.
-  APS Open Access announcement, American Physical Society, 15 February 2011
-  Details of Creative Commons license
- "Physical Review Letters Celebrates 50 Years". American Physical Society. 2014-02-13. https://journals.aps.org/prl/50years.
- Gene D. Sprouse (1 October 2008). "APS now leaves copyright with authors for derivative works". American Physical Society. http://publish.aps.org/edannounce/PhysRevLett.101.140001.
- "Physics". American Physical Society. http://physics.aps.org/.
- Anderson, P. W.; Matthias, B. T. (1964-07-01). "Editorial foreword" (in en). Physics Physique Fizika 1 (1): i. doi:10.1103/PhysicsPhysiqueFizika.1.i. ISSN 0554-128X.
- Wick, David (1995), "Bell's Theorem" (in en), The Infamous Boundary (Springer New York): pp. 92–100, doi:10.1007/978-1-4612-4030-3_11, ISBN 978-0-387-94726-6
- "Physics. Physique. Fizika.". OCLC. 1964. https://www.worldcat.org/title/physics-physique-fizika/oclc/1370169.
- Kaiser, David (2014-11-14). "Opinion | Is Quantum Entanglement Real?" (in en-US). The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. https://www.nytimes.com/2014/11/16/opinion/sunday/is-quantum-entanglement-real.html.
- "Physical Review X". American Physical Society. https://journals.aps.org/prx/.
- "Physical Review Applied". American Physical Society. http://journals.aps.org/prapplied/.
- "Physical Review Fluids". American Physical Society. http://journals.aps.org/prfluids/.
- "Physical Review Materials". American Physical Society. http://journals.aps.org/prmaterials/.
- "PRX Quantum". American Physical Society. http://journals.aps.org/prxquantum/.
- "The Physical Review. Second Series. A". American Physical Society. 1964. https://ci.nii.ac.jp/ncid/AA00773577?l=en. "The Physical Review. Second Series. B". National Institute of Informatics. 1964. https://ci.nii.ac.jp/ncid/AA00773588?l=en.
- American Physical Society
- Journals of the APS
- APS online publication Physics
- Online archive of all back issues of Physical Review (subscription required)
- Index of freely available volumes
The term of copyright on volumes published before 1924 has expired. Most of these volumes are available online for free in their entirety:
- "Physical Review, Vol. 1 (1893-1894)". https://archive.org/details/physicalreview02univgoog/page/n6.
- "Physical Review, Vol. 2 (1894-1895)". https://archive.org/details/physicalreviewv19univgoog/page/n8.
- "Physical Review, Vol. 3 (1895-1896)". https://archive.org/details/physicalreview01univgoog/page/n5.
- "Physical Review, Vol. 4 (1896-1897)". https://archive.org/details/physicalreviewa03univgoog/page/n4.
- "Physical Review, Vol. 5 (1897)". https://archive.org/details/physicalreviewa06univgoog/page/n9.
- "Physical Review, Vol. 9 (1899)". https://archive.org/details/physicalreviewa10univgoog/page/n9.
- "Physical Review, Vol. 10 (1900)". https://archive.org/details/physicalreviewv24univgoog/page/n8.
- "Physical Review, Vol. 11 (1900)". https://archive.org/details/physicalreviewa09univgoog/page/n9.
- "Physical Review, Vol. 12 (1901)". https://archive.org/details/physicalreviewv05univgoog/page/n6.
- "Physical Review, Vol. 13 (1901)". https://archive.org/details/physicalreviewv06univgoog/page/n10.
- "Physical Review, Vol. 14 (1902)". https://archive.org/details/physicalreviewv09univgoog/page/n7.
- "Physical Review, Vol. 16 (1903)". https://archive.org/details/physicalreview07univgoog/page/n9.
- "Physical Review, Vol. 17 (1903)". https://archive.org/details/physicalreviewv22univgoog/page/n7.
- "Physical Review, Vol. 18 (1904)". https://archive.org/details/physicalreviewv17univgoog/page/n8.
- "Physical Review, Vol. 19 (1904)". https://archive.org/details/physicalreviewv13univgoog/page/n6.
- "Physical Review, Vol. 21 (1905)". https://archive.org/details/physicalreviewv03univgoog/page/n7.
- "Physical Review, Vol. 22 (1906)". https://archive.org/details/physicalreviewv02univgoog/page/n18.
- "Physical Review, Vol. 23 (1906)". https://archive.org/details/physicalreviewv10univgoog/page/n8.
- "Physical Review, Vol. 24 (1907)". https://archive.org/details/physicalreviewa01univgoog/page/n7.
- "Physical Review, Vol. 25 (1907)". https://archive.org/details/physicalreviewa00univgoog/page/n10.
- "Physical Review, Vol. 26 (1908)". https://archive.org/details/physicalreviewv08univgoog/page/n8.
- "Physical Review, Vol. 27 (1908)". https://archive.org/details/physicalreviewv12univgoog/page/n6.
- "Physical Review, Vol. 28 (1909)". https://archive.org/details/physicalreviewa11univgoog/page/n9.
- "Physical Review, Vol. 29 (1909)". https://archive.org/details/physicalreviewv25univgoog/page/n10.
- "Physical Review, Vol. 30 (1910)". https://archive.org/details/physicalreviewv07univgoog/page/n7.
- "Physical Review, Vol. 32 (1911)". https://archive.org/details/in.ernet.dli.2015.264569.
- "Physical Review, Vol. 33 (1911)". https://archive.org/details/physicalreviewv21univgoog/page/n5.
- "Physical Review, Vol. 34 (1912)". https://archive.org/details/in.ernet.dli.2015.264571.
- "Physical Review, Vol. 35 (1912)". https://archive.org/details/physicalreviewv16univgoog/page/n6.
- "Physical Review, Vol. 1 (1913)". https://archive.org/details/physicalreview15univgoog/page/n7.
- "Physical Review, Vol. 2 (1913)". https://archive.org/details/physicalreview05univgoog/page/n4.
- "Physical Review, Vol. 3 (1914)". https://archive.org/details/physicalreview06univgoog/page/n7.
- "Physical Review, Vol. 4 (1914)". https://archive.org/details/physicalreview4191unse/page/n6.
- "Physical Review, Vol. 5 (1915)". https://archive.org/details/physicalreview14univgoog/page/n6.
- "Physical Review, Vol. 6 (1915)". https://archive.org/details/physicalreview09univgoog/page/n7.
- "Physical Review, Vol. 7 (1916)". https://archive.org/details/physicalreview16univgoog/page/n9.
- "Physical Review, Vol. 9 (1917)". https://archive.org/details/physicalreview18univgoog/page/n7.
- "Physical Review, Vol. 10 (1917)". https://archive.org/details/physicalreviewa04univgoog/page/n6.
- "Physical Review, Vol. 11 (1918)". https://archive.org/details/physicalreview01unkngoog/page/n6.
- "Physical Review, Vol. 13 (1919)". https://archive.org/details/physicalreview11univgoog/page/n6.
- "Physical Review, Vol. 16 (1920)". https://archive.org/details/physicalreview13univgoog/page/n6.
- "Physical Review, Vol. 17 (1921)". https://archive.org/details/physicalreview17univgoog/page/n7.
- "Physical Review, Vol. 18 (1921)". https://archive.org/details/physicalreviewv20univgoog/page/n10.
- "Physical Review, Vol. 19 (1922)". https://archive.org/details/physicalreview1919nich/page/n6.
- "Physical Review, Vol. 20 (1922)". https://archive.org/details/physicalreview10univgoog/page/n5.
Original source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Physical Review. Read more