Place:Kashubia

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Kashubia

Template:Lang-csb
Polish: Kaszuby
German: Kaschubei, Kaschubien
Historical region
Flag of Kashubia
Flag
Coat of arms of Kashubia
Coat of arms
Anthem: Zemia Rodnô
Kashubians in Poland.png
Coordinates: Coordinates: 54°15′N 17°41′E / 54.25°N 17.68°E / 54.25; 17.68
Country Poland
RegionPomerania
Largest citiesGdynia, Sopot, Puck, Kościerzyna, Bytów, Kartuzy, Wejherowo
Demonym(s)Kashubian
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Kashubia by Bernard Sychta as the Kashubian dialects area

Kashubia or Cassubia (Template:Lang-csb, Polish: Kaszuby, German: Kaschubei, Kaschubien) is a language area in the historic Eastern Pomerania (Pomerelia) region of northern and northwestern Poland . It is defined by the widespread use of the Kashubian language.

Location and geography

Located west of Gdańsk (inclusive of all but the easternmost district) and the mouth of the Vistula river, it is inhabited by members of the Kashubian ethnic group. The region is home to the Kashubian Lake District. According to the 1999 basic study Geografia współczesnych Kaszub (Geography of present-day Kashubia) by the Gdańsk scholar Jan Mordawski 43 municipalities (gminas) of the Pomeranian Voivodeship have a Kashubian share of at least one third of the total population:[1]

  • Cities: Gdynia (Gdiniô)
  • Bytów County (Bëtowsczi kréz): Town of Bytów (Bëtowò) with Gmina Bytów, Gmina Czarna Dąbrówka (Czôrnô Dãbrówka), Gmina Lipnica (Lëpnica), Gmina Parchowo (Parchòwò), Gmina Tuchomie (Tëchòmié)
  • Chojnice County (Chònicczi kréz): Town of Brusy (Brusë) with Gmina Brusy, Gmina Chojnice (Chojnice), Gmina Konarzyny (Kònarzënë)
  • Człuchów County (Człëchòwsczi kréz): Gmina Przechlewo (Przechlewò)
  • Lębork County (Lãbòrsczi kréz): Gmina Cewice (Céwice)
  • Kartuzy County (Kartësczi kréz): Town of Kartuzy (Kartuzë) with Gmina Kartuzy, Town of Żukowo (Żukòwò) with Gmina Żukowo, Gmina Chmielno (Chmielno), Gmina Przodkowo (Przedkòwò), Gmina Sulęczyno (Sëlëczëno), Gmina Sierakowice (Sërakòjce), Gmina Somonino (Somònino), Gmina Stężyca (Stãżëca)
  • Kościerzyna County (Kòscérsczi kréz): Town of Kościerzyna (Kòscérzëna) with Gmina Kościerzyna, Gmina Dziemiany (Dzemiónë), Gmina Karsin (Kôrsëno), Gmina Lipusz (Lëpùsz), Gmina Nowa Karczma (Nowô Karczma)
  • Puck County (Pùcczi kréz): Town of Puck (Pùck) with Gmina Puck, towns of Hel (Hél), Jastarnia (Jastarniô) and Władysławowo (Wiôlgô Wies), Gmina Kosakowo (Kòsôkòwò), Gmina Krokowa (Krokòwa)
  • Wejherowo County (Wejrowsczi kréz): Town of Wejherowo (Wejrowò) and Gmina Wejherowo, towns of Reda (Réda) and Rumia (Rëmiô), Gmina Choczewo (Chòczewò), Gmina Gniewino (Gniewino), Gmina Linia (Lëniô), Gmina Luzino (Lëzëno), Gmina Łęczyce (Łãczëce), Gmina Szemud (Szëmôłd)

Culture

Kashubian embroidery from Żukowo

Embroidery

Embroidery is an important part of Kashubian culture which uses seven colours; three shades of blue representing the sky, the lakes and Baltic Sea, green representing the meadows and forests, yellow representing the sun, red representing the peoples' love for the region, and the red representing the hard work of the Kashubians. Its origins date back to the early 13th century.[2][3][4]

Cuisine

Kashubian cuisine is mostly based on fish and meat. Grain is also widely used within Kashubian dishes. Herring are the most widely used fish due to their high numbers in the region. Mushrooms are also a part of Kashubia's wide variety of dishes.[5][6]

Music

Kashubia has a wide variety of music; Zemia Rodnô is widely considered to be the anthem of Kashubia. The most recognised Kashubian song is Kaszëbsczé nótë, a traditional song that is the most recognisable part of Kashubian folklore. Dances are also a noticeable part of Kashubian culture, which are moderately energetic, except for a few. The most famous dance is the Kòséder.[7][8]

References

External links