Shades of brown

From HandWiki
Short description: Varieties of the color brown
Brown
 
Color icon brown v2.svg
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#804000
Source[Unsourced]
ISCC–NBS descriptorStrong brown
Some shades of Brown
Red Brown (X11) 
Pale Brown 
Medium Brown 
Dark Brown 
Light Brown 

Shades of brown can be produced by combining red, yellow, and black[1] pigments, or by a combination of orange and black—illustrated in the color box. The RGB color model, that generates all colors on computer and television screens, makes brown by combining red and green light at different intensities. Brown color names are often imprecise, and some shades, such as beige, can refer to lighter rather than darker shades of yellow and red. Such colors are less saturated than colors perceived to be orange. Browns are usually described as light or dark, reddish, yellowish, or gray-brown. There are no standardized names for shades of brown; the same shade may have different names on different color lists, and sometimes one name (such as beige or puce) can refer to several very different colors. The X11 color list of web colors has seventeen different shades of brown, but the complete list of browns is much longer.

Brown colors are typically desaturated shades of reds, oranges, and yellows which are created on computer and television screens using the RGB color model and in printing with the CMYK color model. Browns can also be created by mixing two complementary colors from the RYB color model (combining all three primary colors). In theory, such combinations should produce black, but produce brown because most commercially available blue pigments tend to be comparatively weaker; the stronger red and yellow colors prevail, thus creating brown tones. Displayed here are some common brown shades.

Red-brown (web color "brown")

Red-Brown
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#A52A2A
SourceX11
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid red

The web color called "brown" is displayed as shown.

The historical and traditional name for this color is red-brown.

The color shown above at the top right at the head of this article (color #964B00) is the color normally and traditionally regarded as brown—a medium dark orange. Its h (hue) code is 30, which signifies a shade of orange. The color to the immediate right (color #A52A2A) that was chosen as the web color "brown"—a medium dark red—is the color traditionally called red-brown. That this color is a shade of red and not orange can be easily ascertained by inspecting its h (hue) code, which is 0, signifying a shade of red.

The first recorded use of red-brown as a color name in English was in 1682.[2]

Brown (RYB)

Brown (RYB)
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#331800
sRGBB  (rgb)(51, 24, 0)
SourceRYB color system
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Displayed at right is the color that is called brown in the RYB color model. It is an equal mix of red, yellow and blue.[3]

Additional variations of brown

Rosy brown

Rosy Brown
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#BC8F8F
SourceX11
ISCC–NBS descriptorLight grayish red

Displayed here is the web color rosy brown. At a hue of 359, it is classified as a red-brown.

The color name rosy brown first came into use in 1987, when this color was formulated as one of the X11 colors, which in the early 1990s became known as the X11 web colors.

Burnt umber

Burnt umber
 
Vanadinite-Descloizite-230157.jpg
Vanadinite crystals showing burnt umber coloration
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#8A3324
SourceXona.com Color List
ISCC–NBS descriptorStrong reddish brown

Burnt umber is made by heating raw umber, which dehydrates the iron oxides and changes them partially to the more reddish hematite. It is used for both oil and water color paint. At a hue of 9, it is classified as a red-brown.

The first recorded use of burnt umber as a color name in English was in 1650.[4]

Wenge

Wenge
 
Wengefurn.jpg
Wenge wood
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#645452
Source[Unsourced]

Wenge refers to the distinctive color of the dark-colored wood that is the product of Millettia laurentii, a legume tree from Africa. At a hue of 9, it is classified as a red-brown.

Chestnut

Chestnut
 
Chestnut03.jpg
Chestnuts can be found on the ground around chestnut trees.
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#954535
SourceMaerz and Paul
ISCC–NBS descriptorStrong reddish brown
Main page: Chestnut (color)

Displayed at right is the color chestnut. At a hue of 10, it is classified as a red-brown.

Maroon

Main page: Maroon
Maroon
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#800000
SourceHTML/CSS
ISCC–NBS descriptorDeep reddish brown

Displayed at right is the web color called maroon in HTML/CSS and it is a brownish crimson color that takes its name from the French word marron, or chestnut.[4] "Marron" is also one of the French translations for "brown".

Smokey topaz

Smokey Topaz
 
Topaz-200562.jpg
Smoky topaz crystals
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#832A0D
SourceCrayola
ISCC–NBS descriptorStrong reddish brown

Displayed at right is the color smokey topaz. At a hue of exactly 15, it is classified as a red-brown or orange-brown. It can also be called a vermilion-brown.

This color was formulated by Crayola in 1994 as one of the colors in the Gem Tones set.

Cigar brown

Cigar Brown
 
El Cedro Cigars.jpg
Cigars
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#6D4F4B
SourceMy Perfect Color[5]

Cigar brown is a brown shade resembling the color of cigars.

Desert sand

Main page: Desert sand (color)
Desert Sand
 
Sand Gazelle 1.jpg
Desert landscape in the United Arab Emirates
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#EDC9AF
SourceCrayola
ISCC–NBS descriptorPale orange yellow

The color desert sand is displayed at right. At a hue of 19, it is classified as an orange-brown.

It may be publicly regarded as a deep shade of beige. It is a pale tint of a color called desert.

The color name "desert" was first used in 1920.[6]

Dark brown

Dark Brown
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#5C4033
SourceX11

Dark brown is a dark tone of color brown. At a hue of 19, it is classified as a black-brown.

Beaver

Beaver
 
American Beaver.jpg
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#9F8170
SourceCrayola
ISCC–NBS descriptorLight brown

Beaver is a shade of brown representative of the color of a beaver. At a hue of 22, it is classified as an orange-brown.

The first recorded use of beaver as a color name in English was in 1705.[7]

The color "beaver" was formulated as one of the Crayola colors in 1998.

Etymologically, it's believed that the words "brown" and "beaver" ultimately stem from the same root word.[8]

Cocoa brown

Cocoa Brown
 
Cocoa Pods and Seeds.jpg
Chocolate is created from the cocoa bean. A cacao tree with cocoa bean fruit pods (which are filled with cocoa beans inside of them) in various stages of ripening
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#D2691E
SourceX11
ISCC–NBS descriptorDeep orange

Displayed at right is the color cocoa brown. At a hue of 25, it is classified as an orange-brown.

Russet

Main page: Russet (color)
Russet
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#80461B
SourceISCC-NBS
ISCC–NBS descriptorStrong brown

Russet is a dark brown color with a reddish-orange tinge. At a hue of 26, it is classified as an orange-brown.

The first recorded use of russet as a color name in English was in 1562.[9]

The name of the color derives from russet, a coarse cloth made of wool and dyed with woad and madder to give it a subdued gray or reddish-brown shade. By the statute of 1363, poor English people were required to wear russet.[10]

Russet, a color of fall, is often associated with sorrow or grave seriousness. Anticipating a lifetime of regret, Shakespeare's character Biron says: "Henceforth my wooing mind shall be express'd / In russet yeas and honest kersey noes." (Love's Labour's Lost, Act V, Scene 1)

Buff

Main page: Buff (colour)
Buff
 
Chamois-natural.jpg
Buff is the color of fine undyed leathers
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#DAA06D
SourceMaerz and Paul
ISCC–NBS descriptorLight yellow

Buff is a pale yellow-brown color that got its name from the color of buffed leather.[11] At a hue of 28, it is classified as an orange-brown.

According to the Oxford English Dictionary, buff as a descriptor of a color was first used in the London Gazette of 1686, describing a uniform to be "A Red Coat with a Buff-colour'd lining".[12]

Kobicha (Brown-nose)

Kobicha
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#6B4423
SourceJTC
ISCC–NBS descriptorStrong brown

The color kobicha (brown-nose) is displayed at right. At a hue of 28, it is classified as an orange-brown.

It is one of the Japanese traditional colors that has been in use since 660 AD in the form of various dyes used in designing kimono.[13][14]

The name kobicha comes from the Japanese for the color of a type of kelp tea, but the word was often used as a synonym for a form of flattery[15][16] in a curious parallel with the English usage brown nosing.

Sandy brown

Sandy Brown
 
Sossusvlei sand dunes.jpg
Sand dunes in Namibia
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#F4A460
SourceX11
ISCC–NBS descriptorModerate orange

Sandy brown is a pale shade of brown. Sandy brown is one of the web colors. At a hue of 28, it is classified as an orange-brown.

As its name suggests, it is a shade of brown which is similar to the color of some sands.

The color name sandy brown first came into use in 1987, when this color was formulated as one of the X11 colors, which in the early 1990s became known as the X11 web colors.

Peru

Peru
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#CD853F
SourceX11
ISCC–NBS descriptorModerate orange

Displayed at right is the web color Peru. With a hue of 30, it is classified as an orange-brown.

This color was originally called Peruvian brown with the first recorded use in 1924 of Peruvian brown as a color name in English.[17]

The color name was changed to peru in 1987, when this color was formulated as one of the X11 colors, which in the early 1990s became known as the X11 web colors.

Taupe

Main page: Taupe
Taupe
 
Talpa europaea MHNT.jpg
A European mole. Taupe is French for mole.
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#483C32
SourceISCC-NBS
ISCC–NBS descriptorDark grayish yellowish brown

The color taupe is a representation of the average color of the fur of the French mole.[18] At a hue of 30, it is classified as an orange-brown.

The color displayed at right matches the color sample called taupe referenced below in the 1930 book A Dictionary of Color.

The first use of "taupe" as a color name in English was in the early 19th century (exact year is not known).[19]

Walnut brown

Walnut Brown
 
Walnut02.jpg
A bunch of walnuts
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#5C5248
Source[1]
ISCC–NBS descriptorModerate olive brown

Walnut brown is a dark brown color; a representation of the color made from walnut hulls. At a hue of 30, it is classified as an orange-brown.

Chocolate

Chocolate
 
Chocolate (blue background).jpg
Chocolate most commonly comes in three shades; dark, milk, and white varieties, with cocoa solids contributing to the brown coloration.
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#7B3F00
SourceMaerz and Paul[20]
ISCC–NBS descriptorStrong brown

Displayed at right is the color chocolate. At a hue of 31, it is classified as an orange-brown.

Raw umber

Raw Umber
 
Terra ombra naturale umber.jpg
Raw umber pigment
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#826644
SourceISCC-NBS
ISCC–NBS descriptorModerate yellowish brown

Displayed at the right is one version of the color raw umber. At a hue of 33, it is classified as an orange-brown.

Wood brown

Wood Brown
 
Fossil wood with node in it.jpg
A wooden tree stump
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#C19A6B
SourceRidgway
ISCC–NBS descriptorLight yellowish brown

Wood brown is a color that resembles wood. At a hue of 33, it is classified as an orange-brown.

The first recorded use of wood brown as a color name in English was in Robert Ridgway's 1886 book Nomenclature of Colors for Naturalists, Compendium of Useful Knowledge for Ornithologists.[21] Ridgway further refined the details of its color coordinates in his 1912 publication Color Standards and Color Nomenclature.[22]

The normalized color coordinates for wood brown are identical to fallow, camel and desert, which were first recorded as color names in English in 1000,[23] 1916,[24] and 1920,[25] respectively.

Tan

Main page: Tan (color)
Tan
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#D2B48C
SourceX11
ISCC–NBS descriptorGrayish yellow

Tan is a pale tone of brown. At a hue of 34, it is classified as an orange-brown.

The name is derived from tannum (oak bark) used in the tanning of leather.[26]

The first recorded use of tan as a color name in English was in the year 1590.[27]

Khaki

Khaki
 
US Navy 070919-N-5319A-011 A Sailor shows off the prototype uniform for service dress khaki, a throwback to the traditional WWII style uniform.jpg
Khaki uniform
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#C3B091
SourceHTML/CSS
ISCC–NBS descriptorGrayish yellow

Displayed at right is the color khaki.

This is the web color called khaki in HTML/CSS. At a hue of 37, it is classified as an orange-brown.

The color shown at right matches the color designated as khaki in the 1930 book A Dictionary of Color, the standard for color nomenclature before the introduction of computers.

The first recorded use of khaki as a color name in English was in 1848.[28]

Beige

Beige
 
Royal Winter Fair Wool 2.jpg
Wool just before processing
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#F5F5DC
SourceX11
ISCC–NBS descriptorPale yellow green

Beige is a light tan color representative of the color of unbleached wool. At a hue of 60, it is classified as a yellow-brown.

Manhattan

Manhattan
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#F8C898
Source[2]
ISCC–NBS descriptorPale light grayish brown

Manhattan is a pale light grayish brown color.

See also

References

Bibliography

Citations

  1. brown (3rd ed.), Oxford University Press, September 2005, http://oed.com/search?searchType=dictionary&q=brown  (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  2. Maerz & Paul, p. 190; Color Sample of Red-Brown: p. 33 Plate 5 Color Sample F11 (The color red-brown is listed on page 190 as a variation of the color Bole, under its original 17th-century name, “brown-red”)
  3. "What Colors Do You Mix to Make Brown?". https://artstudiolife.com/how-to-mix-brown/. 
  4. Maerz & Paul, p. 191; Color Sample of Burnt Umber: p. 53 Plate 15 Color Sample A12
  5. "Match of Bob Timberlake™ CC-800 Cigar Brown *". https://www.myperfectcolor.com/paint/34978-bob-timberlake-cc-800-cigar-brown. 
  6. Maerz & Paul, p. 194; Color Sample of Desert: p. 47 Plate 12 Color Sample I7
  7. Maerz & Paul, p. 190; Color Sample of Beaver: p. 53 Plate 15 Color Sample A6—The color shown above matches the color sample in the book
  8. Harper, Douglas. "beaver". Online Etymology Dictionary. https://www.etymonline.com/?term=beaver. Retrieved 2012-12-01. 
  9. Maerz & Paul, p. 203; Color Sample of Russet: p. 37 Plate 14 Color Sample I12
  10. R. H. Britnell (1986), Growth and decline in Colchester, 1300–1525, Cambridge University Press, pp. 55–77, ISBN 978-0-521-30572-3, https://archive.org/details/growthdeclineinc0000brit/page/55 
  11. Paterson, Ian (2003), A Dictionary of Colour (1st paperback ed.), London: Thorogood (published 2004), p. 73, ISBN 1-85418-375-3, OCLC 60411025 
  12. "buff, adj.1". Oxford English Dictionary. OUP. https://www.oed.com/Entry/24298. 
  13. Nagasaki (2001)
  14. Color Society of Japan (1985)
  15. Nagasaki (2001)
  16. Color Society of Japan (1985)
  17. Maerz & Paul, p. 201; Color Sample of Peruvian Brown: p. 49 Plate 13 Color Sample L11—The color Peru shown above matches the color sample in the book
  18. Maerz & Paul, p. 205; Discussion of Color Taupe, p. 183.
  19. Maerz & Paul, p. 205; Discussion of Color Taupe, p. 183; Color Sample of Taupe: p. 55 Plate 16 Color Sample A6
  20. Maerz & Paul; the color chocolate is displayed on p. 39, Plate 8, Color Sample H10.
  21. Ridgway (1886), pp. 36, 54, 117; Color Sample of Wood Brown: Plate III fig. 19
  22. Ridgway (1912), p. 40; Color Sample of Wood Brown: Plate XL
  23. Maerz & Paul, p. 195; Color Sample of Fallow: p. 47 Plate 12 Color Sample B5
  24. Maerz & Paul, p. 191; Color Sample of Camel: p. 49 Plate 15 Color Sample A6
  25. Maerz & Paul, p. 203; Color Sample of Desert: p. 47 Plate 12 Color Sample I7
  26. "tan". Online Etymology Dictionary. http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?allowed_in_frame=0&search=tan&searchmode=none. 
  27. Maerz & Paul, p. 205
  28. Maerz & Paul, p. 197; Color Sample of Khaki: p. 49 Plate 13 Color Sample J7