From HandWiki
Short description: Color
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#800000
ISCC–NBS descriptorDeep reddish brown

Maroon (US/UK /məˈrn/ mə-ROON,[2] Australia /məˈrn/ mə-ROHN[3]) is a brownish crimson color that takes its name from the French word marron, or chestnut.[4] "Marron" is also one of the French translations for "brown".

According to multiple dictionaries, there are variabilities in defining the color maroon. The Cambridge English Dictionary defines maroon as a dark reddish-purple color while its "American Dictionary" section defines maroon as dark brown-red. This suggests slight perceptual differences in the U.K. versus North America.[5] Lexico online dictionary defines maroon as a brownish-red.[6] Similarly, defines maroon as a dark brownish-red.[7] The Oxford English Dictionary describes maroon as "a brownish crimson (strong red) or claret (purple color) color,"[8] while the Merriam-Webster online dictionary simply defines it as a dark red.[9]

In the sRGB color model for additive color representation, the web color called maroon is created by turning down the brightness of pure red to about one half. It is also noted that maroon is the complement of the web color called teal.[1]


A bunch of chestnuts. Maroon is derived from marron, French for chestnut.
The word "maroon" derives from the French marron, meaning chestnut.

Maroon is derived from French marron ("chestnut"),[10] itself from the Italian marrone that means both chestnut and brown (but the color maroon in Italian is granata and in French is grenat), from the medieval Greek maraon.[11]

The first recorded use of maroon as a color name in English was in 1789.[12]

In culture

  • Vajrayana Buddhist monks, such as the Dalai Lama, wear maroon robes.[13]
  • Maroon, along with golden yellow, is worn in the Philippines by Catholic devotees of the Black Nazarene, especially during its procession on 9 January.
National symbols
  • Maroon and white are the colors of the Flag of Qatar.
  • Flag of Phoenix is maroon and white.
  • Maroon, gold, teal and orange are the colors of the Flag of Sri Lanka
  • The Flag of Latvia has sometimes been called maroon and white, although the officially declared colors were red and white,[14] and in 2009 were changed to carmine and white.[15]
  • Maroon was named as the official color of the state of Queensland, Australia , in November 2003. While the declared shade of maroon in sRGB is R=115, G=24, B=44, Queenslanders display the spirit of the state by wearing all shades of maroon at sporting and cultural events.[16]
  • Maroon is the color of the Dutch far-right political party Forum for Democracy.
  • The distinctive maroon beret has been worn by many airborne forces around the world since 1942.[17] It is sometimes referred to as the "red beret."
  • Historically maroon was the distinguishing color of the Caçadores (rifle) regiments of the Portuguese Army.
  • Maroon is the signature color of the Japanese private rail company, Hankyu Railway, decided by a vote of women customers in 1923.[18] In the 1990s, Hankyu planned an alternative color as it was developing new vehicles. That plan was called off following opposition by local residents
  • The Famous Maroon Band
  • Maroon 5
  • Maroon by Taylor Swift
School colors

Many universities, colleges, high schools and other educational institutions have maroon as one of their school colors. Popular combinations include maroon and white, maroon and grey, maroon and gold, and maroon and blue.

  • Maroon and White are the official school colors of Texas A&M University.[19]
  • Maroon and Gold are the official school colors of Texas State University[20]
  • Maroon and Gold are the official school colors of Boston College.[20]
  • Maroon and Gold are the official school colors of the University of Minnesota.[21][22][23]
  • Maroon and Gold are the official school colors of the Central Michigan University.
  • Maroon and Gold are the official school colors of Shimer College,[24] representing Mount Carroll Seminary.[25]
  • Maroon is the official school color of the University of Chicago. The school also employs light and dark gray in its official primary color palette.[26]
  • Maroon and White are the official school colors of Lower Merion High School.[27]
  • Maroon and White are the official school colors of Mississippi State University[28] and the name of the university's alma mater.[29]
  • Maroon and White are the official school colors of Colgate University.[30]
  • Maroon and White are the official school colors of Missouri State University.[31]
  • Maroon and White are the official school colors of Southern Illinois University Carbondale.[32]
  • Maroon and Gold are the official school colors of Arizona State University and the name of the university's fight song.
  • Maroon and Black are the official school colors of Cumberland University.
  • Maroon and Orange are the official school colors of Virginia Tech.[33]
  • Maroon and Blue are the official colors of Port Rex Technical High School in South Africa.
  • Maroon and Forest Green are the primary and complementary institutional colors of the University of the Philippines System.[34]
  • Maroon and Gold are the school colors of the University of Perpetual Help System DALTA in the Philippines.

Sports teams often use maroon as one of their identifying colors, as a result, many have received the nickname "Maroons."

  • The University of Chicago Maroons have used the nickname (and the corresponding color) since a vote came at a meeting of students and faculty on May 5, 1894.[35]
  • The University of the Philippines Fighting Maroons competes in the University Athletic Association of the Philippines and is based in their Diliman Campus. The moniker has been associated with their teams since the 1930s, except for a brief period in the 1960s when they were known as the Parrots.[36]
  • The University of Perpetual Help Altas, playing in the National Collegiate Athletic Association (Philippines) use the color as their primary uniform,[37] derived from their school colors .[38]
  • Heart of Midlothian F.C. have played in predominantly maroon colours since 1877, although they had maroon badge and trimmings in their first kit from their formation in 1874.[39]
  • Official colour of Italian association football team Torino F.C. Club's fans are known as I Granata (the Maroons in italian).
  • Official colour of Argentina's association football team Club Atl%C3%A9tico Lan%C3%BAs (Los Granates).
  • Maroons was the official nickname of the athletic teams representing Mississippi State College, now Mississippi State University from 1932 until 1961 when it was officially changed to the Bulldogs. Bulldogs had been used as an unofficial nickname as far back as 1905.[40]
  • Maroons is also the common nickname for the Queensland Rugby League team when it plays against the Blues (the New South Welshmen) in an annual competition of three games known as the State of Origin series in Australia.
  • West Indies cricket team wears all maroon clothing in limited-overs cricket whilst in Test cricket, they wear maroon cricket caps.
  • In pool, the color of the 7 and 15 billiard balls are traditionally maroon.

Commercial variations of maroon

Maroon (Crayola)

Maroon (Crayola)
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#C32148
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid red

The color designated as maroon in Crayola crayons since 1949 is a bright medium shade of maroon halfway between brown and rose.

Rich maroon (maroon (X11))

Rich maroon [ maroon (X11) ]
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#B03060
SourceX11 color names
ISCC–NBS descriptorStrong red

Displayed in the adjacent table is the color rich maroon, i.e. maroon as defined in the X11 color names, which is much brighter and more toned toward rose than the HTML/CSS maroon shown above.

See the chart Color name clashes in the X11 color names article to see those colors that are different in HTML/CSS and X11.

Dark red

Dark Red
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#8B0000
ISCC–NBS descriptorStrong reddish brown

Displayed in the adjacent table is the web color dark red.

UP maroon

UP Maroon
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#7B1113
ISCC–NBS descriptorDeep reddish brown

UP Maroon is the shade used by the University of the Philippines as its primary color.

See also

  • List of colors


  1. 1.0 1.1 "CSS Color Module Level 3". 19 June 2018. 
  2. "maroon (Random House (US) & Collins (UK) dictionaries)". 
  3. Australian Oxford Dictionary, Second Edition (2004). Oxford University Press. ISBN:978-0-19-551796-5
  4. Cambridge English Dictionary on-line; "maroon is red!!!"; Webster's New World Dictionary of American English, 3rd College Edition, (1988). "A dark brown". Random House College Dictionary (1975), "a dark brownish".
  5. Cambridge English Dictionary on-line
  6. "MAROON | Definition of MAROON by Oxford Dictionary on also meaning of MAROON". 
  7. "Definition of maroon |". 
  8. Shorter Oxford English Dictionary, 5th edition, 1973.
  9. "Definition of MAROON". 
  10. "maroon". Princeton WordNet. 
  11. Shorter Oxford English Dictionary, 5th Edition (1973).
  12. Maerz and Paul. A Dictionary of Color. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1930, Page 198; Color Sample of Maroon: Page 37, Plate 7, Color Sample L7
  13. Wong, Edward (February 18, 2009). "China Adds to Security Forces in Tibet Amid Calls for a Boycott". The New York Times. 
  14. According to the 1994 law, Latvijas valsts karogs ir sarkans ar baltu svītru. (Latvian national flag is red with a white stripe.) "Par Latvijas valsts karogu (The Latvian flag)" (in lv). The Saeima (legislature) of Latvia. 1994.  Sarkans is the word for "red" in Latvian, while "maroon" is petarde. Turkina, Eiženija; Zitare, K. (1977). Latvian-English Dictionary (second ed.). Waverly, Iowa: Latvju Gramata (Rota Press). OCLC 3085262. 
  15. Latvijas valsts karogs ir karmīnsarkans ar baltu horizontālu svītru. (The Latvian national flag is carmine with white horizontal stripes.)"Latvijas valsts karoga likums (The Latvian flag law)" (in lv). The Saeima (legislature) of Latvia. 17 November 2009. 
  16. "State Colour". Queensland Government. 
  17. "The Parachute Regiment "Paras"". 
  18. Robertson, Jennifer Ellen (1998). Takarazuka: Sexual Politics and Popular Culture in Modern Japan (ebook ed.). p. 153. ISBN 978-0-520-92012-5. 
  19. Communications, Texas A&M University-Marketing &. "Brand Colors | University Brand Guide | Texas A&M University". 
  20. 20.0 20.1 school-colors. "School Colors" (in en). 
  21. "Colors and Type". January 27, 2017. 
  22. "Minnesota Golden Gophers Colors". 27 July 2017. 
  23. "Minnesota". NCAA. 
  24. The Blue Book of College Athletics. Rohrich Corporation. 1966. p. 253. 
  25. "Autumn Events". Shimer College Record 44 (4): p. 2. October 1952. 
  26. "Communicating UChicago". The University of Chicago. 2013. 
  27. McMenamin, Dave (17 December 2012). "Kobe Bryant feeling fine in Philly". ESPN. 
  28. "Mississippi State Traditions". 
  29. "Mississippi State Traditions". 
  30. "Colgate at a Glance | Colgate University". 
  31. "Our Colors". 
  32. "1-Color Reproduction | Identity Guidelines | SIU". 
  33. "Virginia Tech colors". 2019. 
  34. "UP Visual Identity Guidebook 2017 now available online". 2017. 
  35. Mississippi State Traditions. 
  36. "From Parrots to Maroons". 
  37. "Sports Teams". 
  38. "About the University". 
  39. "Heart of Midlothian - Historical Football Kits". 
  40. "Maroon, Maroons, and the Phoenix". 

External links