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Mruby logo red.svg
Developer(s)Yukihiro Matsumoto et al.
Initial releaseApril 20, 2012; 8 years ago (2012-04-20)
Stable release
2.1.0 / November 19, 2019; 6 months ago (2019-11-19)[1]
Written inC and Ruby
Operating systemCross-platform
Standard(s)ISO/IEC 30170:2012
TypeRuby programming language interpreter
LicenseMIT License[2]

mruby is an interpreter for the Ruby programming language with the intention of being lightweight and easily embeddable.[3][4] The project is headed by Yukihiro Matsumoto, with over 100 contributors currently working on the project.


mruby 1.0 supports the Ruby 2.1 core AP, but none of the standard library. As well as being able to execute most basic Ruby code, mruby also features a bytecode compiler and virtual machine, as well as the ability to be easily embedded and integrated into C or C++ code, in a similar manner to Lua or Tcl.

mruby 2.0.0[5] adds support for several Ruby 2.x methods beyond Ruby 2.1. v2.0.0 also changed to variable length bytecode instructions format.

mruby bytecode can be embedded in C code, and thus, can be compiled into a standalone executable.[6]

mruby also aims[3] to be compliant with the ISO/IEC 30170:2012 standard.[7]


Calling mruby from C

#include <stdio.h>
#include <mruby.h>
#include <mruby/compile.h>

int main(void) {
    mrb_state *mrb = mrb_open();
    char code[] = "5.times { puts 'mruby is awesome!' }";

    printf("Executing Ruby code with mruby:\n");
    mrb_load_string(mrb, code);

    return 0;

Assuming that you have mruby installed and in your path, the following program can be compiled and executed by running the following command from your terminal:[8]

$ cc example.c -lmruby -lm -o example
$ ./example

Precompiled Bytecode

mruby includes a minimalistic virtual machine used to execute mruby bytecode, nicknamed ritevm:

$ mrbc test.rb
$ mruby -b test.mrb

The first command compiles Ruby code to mruby bytecode, creating a file called "test.mrb", which can then be executed by appending the "-b" flag to the normal interpreter arguments.[9]

References was the original source. Read more.