Chemistry:Talnakhite

From HandWiki
Talnakhite
Putoranite, Talnakhite - Mineralogisches Museum Bonn3.jpg
Talnakhite and putoranite
General
CategorySulfide mineral
Formula
(repeating unit)
Cu9(Fe, Ni)8S16
Strunz classification2.CB.10b
Crystal systemIsometric
Crystal classHextetrahedral (43m)
H-M symbol: (4 3m)
Space groupI4 3m
Identification
ColorBrass-yellow, tarnishes to pink or brown tints, then iridescent
|re|er}}Metallic
DiaphaneityOpaque

Talnakhite is a mineral of chalcopyrite group with formula: Cu9(Fe, Ni)8S16.[2] It was named after the Talnakh ore deposit, near Norilsk in Western Siberia, Russia where it was discovered as reported in 1963 by I. Budko and E. Kulagov.[3] It was officially named "talnakhite" in 1968.[4][5] Despite the initial announcement it turned out to be not a face centered high-temperature polymorph of chalcopyrite, but to have composition Cu18(Fe, Ni)18S32. At 80 °C (176 °F) to 100 °C (212 °F) it decomposes to tetragonal cubanite plus bornite.[6][7]

References

  1. Warr, L.N. (2021). "IMA–CNMNC approved mineral symbols". Mineralogical Magazine 85 (3): 291–320. doi:10.1180/mgm.2021.43. Bibcode2021MinM...85..291W. https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/mineralogical-magazine/article/imacnmnc-approved-mineral-symbols/62311F45ED37831D78603C6E6B25EE0A. 
  2. Talnakhite: Talnakhite mineral information and data
  3. Ivetta Budko, Eduard Kulagov, "A Natural Cubic Chalcopyrite" (Будько И.А., Кулагов Э.А., "Природный кубический халькопирит"), Докл. АН АН СССР. (1963) vol. 152, no. 2, pp. 408—410.
  4. Будько И. А., Кулагов Э. А. "Новый минерал талнахит — кубическая разновидность халькопирита", Zapiski Vsesoyuznogo Mineraligicheckogo Obshchestva, 1968. ч. 97, вып. 1, с. 63.
  5. "Time to gather stones" (in Russian)
  6. Cabri L.J., Econ.Geol.(1967) 62, 910-925
  7. Michael Fleischner, "New Mineral Names", The American Mineralogist, 1970, vol 55, p. 2135