Engineering:Huochong

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Hand cannon from the Chinese Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368)

Huochong (simplified Chinese: 火铳; traditional Chinese: 火銃) was the Chinese name for hand cannons.[1] The oldest confirmed metal huochong, also the first cannon, is a bronze hand cannon bearing an inscription dating it to 1298.[2]

By the time of the Ming Dynasty (1368–1644) two types of huochong were in use. One was a hand held version with a wooden shaft known as a shouchong (手铳) whilst the larger Wankouchong (碗口铳) or Zhankouchong (盏口铳) rested on a supporting wooden frame.[3]It was invented presumably as an advance in warfare, a new way to fight.

References

  1. "Chinese Military Technology and Dai Viet: c. 1390-1497". September 2003. Archived from the original on September 20, 2010. https://web.archive.org/web/20100920081528/http://www.ari.nus.edu.sg/docs/wps/wps03_011.pdf. Retrieved November 18, 2010. 
  2. "The World's Earliest Cannon (世界上最早的火炮)" (in Chinese). http://www.erdsi.net/sjszzdhp.html. Retrieved November 18, 2010. 
  3. History of Ming Army Records Chapter Four






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