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Olodumare (Yoruba: Olódùmarè) also known as Ọlọ́run (Almighty) is one of the manifestations of the Supreme Creator God in Yoruba religion. [1] The name comes from the phrase "O ní odù mà rè" meaning "the owner of the source of creation that does not become empty," "or the All Sufficient" [2][1][3][4]

The Yoruba believe that Olodumare is omnipotent and is the Source of all.

The name Olodumare symbolises a divine entity that has no father or mother and that simultaneously is and is not bound by space, time and dimension.[citation needed]

Historically, the Yoruba worship Olodumare through the agency of the orisa; thus there is no image, shrine or sacrifice made directly towards him.[5] There is some controversy about whether Olodumare is directly worshiped, due to his aloofness from humanity.[6][4] However, there are those who also worship Olodumare directly. Olodumare is the origin of virtue and mortality, and bestows the knowledge of things upon all persons when they are born. He is omnipotent, transcendent, unique, all knowing, good, and evil.[6] The Yoruba call on Olodumare when other deities (orishas) seem unwilling or incapable to help.[citation needed] These orisa or orishas are supernatural beings, both good (egungun) and bad (ajogun), who represent human activity and natural forces.[7] Yoruba believe Olodumare created all other forces of the universe to help continue the evolution of the universe.[citation needed]


  1. 1.0 1.1 Cynthia Duncan, Ph.D. About Santeria
  2. Ayegboyin, Deji; Olajide, S. K. (2009), "Olodumare", Encyclopedia of African Religion, SAGE Publications, Inc., doi:10.4135/9781412964623.n306, ISBN:9781412936361, retrieved 2019-10-10
  3. Mobolaji Idowu (1994), Olódùmarè God in Yorùbá Belief Longman Nigeria ISBN:9780582608030
  4. 4.0 4.1 Ekundayo, Adejuwonlo; Ekundayo, Olugbemiga (2020), Spirituality and Mental Health: An Ifa Overview, INARC Corp, U.S.A., ISBN:978-0-9815-674-0-2, Kindle Edition ASIN B08FCVVKYG
  5. R., Prothero, Stephen (2010). God is not one : the eight rival religions that run the world (First HarperCollins paperback ed.). [New York, New York]. ISBN 9780061571282. OCLC 726921148. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 Bewaji, John (1998). "Olodumare: God in Yoruba Belief and the Theistic Problem of Evil" (PDF). African Studies Quarterly.
  7. Peel, JYL (2016). "The Three Circles of Yoruba Religion". University of California Press: 214–232 – via JSTOR.