Spring green

From HandWiki
Spring green
 
Shades of spring green.png
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#00FF80
sRGBB  (rgb)(0, 255, 128)
HSV       (h, Saturation (color theory)(150°, 100%, 100[1]%)
SourceX11; On the RGB color wheel, Spring green is defined as the colour halfway between green and cyan. The colour halfway between green and cyan on the RGB color wheel has a hex code of 00FF80.
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid yellowish green
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Spring green is a color included on the color wheel that is precisely halfway between cyan and green. When plotted on the CIE chromaticity diagram, it corresponds to a visual stimulus of 505 nanometers on the visible spectrum. Spring green is a pure chroma on the color wheel. In HSV color space, the expression of which is known as the RGB color wheel, spring green has a hue of 150°. Spring green is one of the tertiary colors on the RGB color wheel. It is also sometimes referred to as mint green.

The complementary color of spring green is rose.

Wrapping the spectrum into a color wheel

In a color proximity sense, a primary color has a color range of 120° (60° on each side of the color's hue) and any color has to be within that range to be considered a variation of that color. Secondary colors have a color range of 60° (30°), tertiary colors have a color range of 30° (15°), quaternary colors have a color range of 15° (7.5°), quinary colors have a color range of 7.5° (3.75°), and so on. Because spring green is located at a hue angle of 150°, it has a tertiary color range of 135° and 165°, and any color out of this range is more related to green or cyan than spring green. If the visible spectrum is wrapped to form a color wheel, spring green appears midway between green and cyan, or azure and chartreuse:

Linear visible spectrum.svg
Visible spectrum wrapped to join green and cyan in an additive mixture of spring green
Spring green as a tertiary color on the RGB color wheel
  azure
  cyan
  green


Spring Green (computer)

Spring Green (HTML)

Spring green
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#00FF7F
sRGBB  (rgb)(0, 255, 127)
HSV       (h, Saturation (color theory)(150°, 100%, 100[2]%)
SourceX11
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid bluish green
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Spring green is a web color.

The first recorded use of spring green as a color name in English was in 1766.[3]

Medium spring green

Medium spring green
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#00FA9A
sRGBB  (rgb)(0, 250, 154)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(77, 0, 62, 0)
HSV       (h, Saturation (color theory)(150°, 97%, 97%)
SourceX11[4]
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid yellowish green
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Displayed at right is the color medium spring green.

Medium spring green is a web color. It is close to but not right on the color wheel and it is a little closer to cyan than to green.

Dark spring green

Dark spring green
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#177245
sRGBB  (rgb)(23, 114, 69)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(80, 0, 39, 55)
HSV       (h, Saturation (color theory)(150°, 80%, 45%)
SourceX11
ISCC–NBS descriptorDeep yellowish green
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

At right is displayed the web color dark spring green.

Additional variations of web spring green

Mint cream

Mint cream
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#F5FFFA
sRGBB  (rgb)(245, 255, 250)
HSV       (h, Saturation (color theory)(150°, 4%, 100%)
SourceX11
ISCC–NBS descriptorVery pale green
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Displayed at right is the web color mint cream, a pale pastel tint of spring green.

After Eight chocolate mint with cream filling
After Eight chocolate with mint cream filling

The color mint cream is a representation of the color of the interior of an after dinner mint (which is disc shaped with mint flavored buttercream on the inside and a chocolate coating on the outside).

Sea green

Sea green
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#2E8B57
sRGBB  (rgb)(46, 139, 87)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(81, 21, 83, 7)
HSV       (h, Saturation (color theory)(146°, 67%, 55%)
SourceHTML/CSS
ISCC–NBS descriptorStrong yellowish green
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)
Flag of a proposed "British Republic" used by Chartists and Radicals in the nineteenth century. Sea green colors were often used by the Chartists and earlier Levellers. A group of 'English republican' intellectuals used a version of this tricolor with blue at the top.
Green sea at Manuel Antonio Beach, Costa Rica
Green sea at Manuel Antonio Beach, Costa Rica


Sea green is a shade of cyan color that resembles the hue of shallow seawater as seen from the surface.

Sea green is notable for being the emblematic color of the Levellers party in the politics of 1640s England. Leveller supporters would wear a sea-green ribbon, in a similar manner to the present-day red AIDS awareness ribbon.

Medium sea green

Medium sea green
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#3CB371
sRGBB  (rgb)(60, 179, 113)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(66, 0, 37, 30)
HSV       (h, Saturation (color theory)(150°, 42%, 30%)
SourceX11
ISCC–NBS descriptorStrong yellowish green
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

At right is displayed the web color medium sea green, a medium shade of spring green.

Aquamarine

Main page: Aquamarine (color)
Aquamarine
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#7FFFD4
sRGBB  (rgb)(127, 255, 212)
HSV       (h, Saturation (color theory)(160°, 50%, 100[5]%)
SourceX11
ISCC–NBS descriptorBrilliant green
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
Aquamarine crystals on muscovite
Aquamarine crystals on muscovite

Aquamarine is a color that is a pale bright tint of spring green toned toward cyan. It represents the color of the aquamarine gemstone. Aquamarine is the birthstone for those born on January 21 to February 20 in tropical zodiac, and February 14 to March 15 in sidereal zodiac.

Spring Green (traditional)

Spring bud

Main page: Spring bud
Spring Bud
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#A7FC00
sRGBB  (rgb)(167, 252, 0)
HSV       (h, Saturation (color theory)(88°, 90%, 63%)
SourceMaerz and Paul[6]
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid yellow green
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Spring bud is the color that used to be called spring green before the X11 web color spring green was formulated in 1987 when the X11 colors were first promulgated. This color is now called spring bud to avoid confusion with the web color.(citation?)

The color is also called soft spring green, spring green (traditional), or spring green (M&P).

The first recorded use of spring green as a color name in English (meaning the color that is now called spring bud) was in 1766.[7]

Additional variations of traditional spring green

Emerald

Emerald
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#50C878
sRGBB  (rgb)(80, 200, 120)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(60, 0, 40, 22)
HSV       (h, Saturation (color theory)(140°, 60%, 78%)
SourceMaerz and Paul[8]
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid yellowish green
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)
An emerald
Emerald crystals
Emerald as a quinary color on the RYB color wheel
  green
  emerald
  viridian

Emerald, also called emerald green, is a tone of green that is particularly light and bright, with a faint bluish cast. The name derives from the typical appearance of the emerald gemstone.[9]

The first recorded use of emerald as a color name in English was in 1598.[10] Ireland is sometimes referred to as the Emerald Isle due to its lush greenery. The May birthstone is emerald. Seattle is sometimes referred to as the Emerald City, because its abundant rainfall creates lush vegetation. In the Middle Ages, The Emerald Tablet of Hermes Trismegistus was believed to contain the secrets of alchemy. "Emerald City", from the story of The Wonderful Wizard of Oz, by L. Frank Baum, is a city where everything from food to people are emerald green. However, it is revealed at the end of the story that everything in the city is normal colored, but the glasses everyone wears are emerald tinted. The Green Zone in Baghdad is sometimes ironically and cynically referred to as the Emerald City.[11] The Emerald Buddha is a figurine of the sitting Buddha, made of green jade (rather than emerald), clothed in gold, and about 45 cm tall. It is kept in the Chapel of the Emerald Buddha (Wat Phra Kaew) on the grounds of the Grand Palace in Bangkok. The Emerald Triangle refers to the three counties of Mendocino, Humboldt, and Trinity in Northern California, United States[12] because these three counties are the biggest marijuana producing counties in California and also the US.[12] A county-commissioned study reports pot accounts for up to two-thirds of the economy of Mendocino.[12] Emerald Cities: Urban Sustainability and Economic Development is a book published in 2010 by Joan Fitzgerald, director of the law, policy and society program at Northeastern University, about ecologically sustainable city planning.

Emerald was invented in Germany in 1814. By taking acetic acid, mixing and boiling it with vinegar, and then by adding some arsenic, a bright blue-green hue was formed.[13] During the 19th century, the arsenic-containing dye Paris green was marketed as emerald green.[14] It was notorious for causing deaths due to it being a popular color used for wallpaper. Victorian women used this bright color for dresses, and florists used it on fake flowers.[15]

Viridian

Main page: Viridian
Viridian
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#40826D
sRGBB  (rgb)(64, 130, 109)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(51, 0, 16, 49)
HSV       (h, Saturation (color theory)(161°, 51%, 51%)
SourceMaerz and Paul[16]
ISCC–NBS descriptorModerate green
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)
Viridian as a quaternary color on the RYB color wheel
  green
  viridian
  teal

At right is displayed the color viridian, a medium tone of spring green.

The first recorded use of viridian as a color name in English was in the 1860s (exact year uncertain).[17]

Other variations of spring green

Green (CMYK) (pigment green)

Green (CMYK) (pigment green)
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#00A550
sRGBB  (rgb)(0, 165, 80)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(100, 0, 52, 35)
HSV       (h, Saturation (color theory)(149°, 100%, 65%)
SourceCMYK[18]
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid yellowish green
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

The color defined as green in the CMYK color system used in printing, also known as pigment green, is the tone of green that is achieved by mixing process (printer's) cyan and process (printer's) yellow in equal proportions. It is displayed at right.

Cyan, magenta, and yellow are the three subtractive primary colors used in printing.

The purpose of the CMYK color system is to provide the maximum possible gamut of color reproducible in printing.

The color indicated is only approximate as the colors of printing inks may vary.

Green (NCS) (psychological primary green)

Green (NCS)
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#009F6B
sRGBB  (rgb)(0, 159, 107)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(100, 0, 33, 38)
HSV       (h, Saturation (color theory)(160°, 100%, 63%)
SourcesRGB approximation to NCS 2060-G[19]
ISCC–NBS descriptorStrong yellowish green
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

The color defined as green in the NCS or Natural Color System is shown at right (NCS 2060-G). The natural color system is a color system based on the four unique hues or psychological primary colors red, yellow, green, and blue. The NCS is based on the opponent process theory of vision.

Approximations within the sRGB gamut to the primary colors of the Natural Color System, a model based on the opponent process theory of color vision.

The Natural Color System is widely used in Scandinavia.

Green (Munsell)

Green (Munsell)
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#00A877
sRGBB  (rgb)(0, 168, 119)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(100, 0, 29, 54)
HSV       (h, Saturation (color theory)(163°, 100%, 66%)
SourceMunsell Color Wheel[20]
ISCC–NBS descriptorBrilliant green
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

The color defined as green in the Munsell color system (Munsell 5G) is shown at right. The Munsell color system is a color space that specifies colors based on three color dimensions: hue, value (lightness), and chroma (color purity), spaced uniformly in three dimensions in the elongated oval at an angle shaped Munsell color solid according to the logarithmic scale which governs human perception. In order for all the colors to be spaced uniformly, it was found necessary to use a color wheel with five primary colors—red, yellow, green, blue, and purple.

The hues of the Munsell color system, at varying values, and maximum chroma to stay in the sRGB gamut.

The Munsell colors displayed are only approximate as they have been adjusted to fit into the sRGB gamut.

Green (Pantone)

Green (Pantone)
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#00AD83
sRGBB  (rgb)(0, 173, 131)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(100, 0, 24, 32)
HSV       (h, Saturation (color theory)(165°, 100%, 68%)
SourcePantone TPX[21]
ISCC–NBS descriptorBrilliant green
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Green (Pantone) is the color that is called green in Pantone.

The source of this color is the "Pantone Textile Paper eXtended (TPX)" color list, color # green C, EC, HC, PC, U, or UP—green.[21]

Green (Crayola)

Green (Crayola)
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#1CAC78
sRGBB  (rgb)(28, 172, 120)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(84, 0, 30, 32)
HSV       (h, Saturation (color theory)(158°, 84%, 68%)
SourceCrayola(citation?)
ISCC–NBS descriptorStrong yellowish green
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Green (Crayola) is the color called green in Crayola crayons.

Green was one of the original Crayola crayons introduced in 1903.

Erin

Erin
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#00FF40
sRGBB  (rgb)(0, 255, 64)
HSV       (h, Saturation (color theory)(135°, 100%, 100 [22]%)
SourceMaerz and Paul
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid yellowish green
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

At the right is displayed the color erin. The first recorded use of erin as a color name was in 1922.

Bright mint

Bright mint
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#4FFFB0
sRGBB  (rgb)(79, 255, 176)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(69, 0, 31, 0)
HSV       (h, Saturation (color theory)(153°, 68%, 100%)
Source[Unsourced]
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid yellowish green
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Displayed at right is the color bright mint.

Dark green

Dark green
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#013220
sRGBB  (rgb)(1, 50, 32)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(98, 0, 36, 80)
HSV       (h, Saturation (color theory)(158°, 98%, 20%)
SourceEncycolorpedia[23]
ISCC–NBS descriptorVery dark yellowish green
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Dark green is a dark shade of green. A different shade of green has been designated as "dark green (X11)" for certain computer uses.

Dark pastel green

Dark pastel green
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#03C03C
sRGBB  (rgb)(3, 192, 60)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(98, 0, 69, 25)
HSV       (h, Saturation (color theory)(138°, 98%, 75%)
SourceEncycolorpedia[24]
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid yellowish green
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

To the right is the color dark pastel green.

Screamin' green

Screamin' green
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#76FF7A
sRGBB  (rgb)(118, 255, 122)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(137, 0, 133, 0)
HSV       (h, Saturation (color theory)(156°, 100%, 62%)
SourceCrayola(citation?)
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid yellowish green
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

The color screamin' green is shown at right.

This color was renamed from ultra green by Crayola in 1990.

This color is a fluorescent color.

Cambridge blue

Main page: Cambridge Blue (colour)
Cambridge blue
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#A3C1AD
sRGBB  (rgb)(163, 193, 173[25])
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(16, 0, 11, 24[26])
HSV       (h, Saturation (color theory)(140°, 16%, 76[27]%)
Source[2]
ISCC–NBS descriptorLight yellowish green
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Cambridge blue is the color commonly used by sports teams from Cambridge University.[28]

This color is actually a medium tone of spring green. Spring green colors are colors with an h code (hue code) of between 135 and 165; this color has an h code of 140, putting it within the range of spring green colors on the RGB color wheel.

Caribbean green

Caribbean green
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#00CC99
sRGBB  (rgb)(0, 204, 153)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(100, 0, 25, 20)
HSV       (h, Saturation (color theory)(165°, 100%, 80%)
SourceCrayola
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid green
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

At right is displayed the color Caribbean green. This is a Crayola color formulated in 1997.

Magic mint

Magic mint
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#AAF0D1
sRGBB  (rgb)(170, 240, 209)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(29, 0, 13, 6)
HSV       (h, Saturation (color theory)(150°, 84%, 80%)
SourceCrayola
ISCC–NBS descriptorVery light green
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

At right is displayed the color magic mint, a light tint of spring green.

The color magic mint is a light tint of the color mint.

Ceramic tiles in a similar color, often with a contrasting black border, were a popular choice for bathroom,[29] kitchen and upmarket hotel swimming pool décor during the 1930s.(citation?)

This is a Crayola color formulated in 1990 (later retired in 2003).

Mint

Mint
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#3EB489
sRGBB  (rgb)(62, 180, 137)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(66, 0, 24, 29)
HSV       (h, Saturation (color theory)(158°, 66%, 71[30]%)
SourceISCC-NBS
ISCC–NBS descriptorBrilliant green
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

The color mint, also known as mint leaf, is a representation of the color of mint.

Mint leaves
Mint leaves

The first recorded use of mint as a color name in English was in 1920.[31]

Mountain meadow

Mountain meadow
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#30BA8F
sRGBB  (rgb)(48, 186, 143)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(74, 0, 23, 27)
HSV       (h, Saturation (color theory)(161°, 74%, 73[32]%)
SourceCrayola
ISCC–NBS descriptorBrilliant green
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Displayed at right is the color mountain meadow.

Mountain meadow is a Crayola crayon color formulated in 1998.

Persian green

Persian green
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#00A693
sRGBB  (rgb)(0, 166, 147)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(80, 0, 22, 0)
HSV       (h, Saturation (color theory)(135°, 75%, 60%)
SourceISCC-NBS
ISCC–NBS descriptorBrilliant bluish green
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Persian green is a color used in pottery and Persian carpets in Iran.

Malachite is Persian green in color.
Malachite is Persian green in color.

Other colors associated with Persia include Persian red and Persian blue. The color Persian green is named from the green color of some Persian pottery and is a representation of the color of the mineral malachite. It is a popular color in Iran because the color green symbolizes gardens, nature, heaven, and sanctity. The first recorded use of Persian green as a color name in English was in 1892.[33][34]

Sea foam green

Sea foam green
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#9FE2BF
sRGBB  (rgb)(159, 226, 191)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(30, 0, 15, 11)
HSV       (h, Saturation (color theory)(149°, 30%, 89%)
SourceCrayola
ISCC–NBS descriptorVery light green
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)
Sea foam at Ocean Beach, San Francisco
Sea foam at Ocean Beach, San Francisco

This is the Crayola version of the above color, a much brighter and lighter shade. It was introduced in 2001.

Shamrock green (Irish green)

Shamrock green
 
Common connotations
St. Patrick's Day
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#009E60
sRGBB  (rgb)(0, 158, 96)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(100, 0, 86, 3)
HSV       (h, Saturation (color theory)(156°, 100%, 62%)
SourceMaerz and Paul[35]
ISCC–NBS descriptorStrong yellowish green
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Shamrock green is a tone of green that represents the color of shamrocks, a symbol of Ireland.[36]

Shamrocks

The first recorded use of shamrock as a color name in English was in the 1820s (exact year uncertain).[37]

This green is also defined as Irish green Pantone 347.[38]

This green is used as the green on the national flag of the Republic of Ireland[39]

It is customary in Ireland, Australia, New Zealand, Canada, and the United States to wear this or any other tone of green on St. Patrick's Day, 17 March.

The California uses this shade of green of the grass under the bear on their state flag.[40]

The Boston Celtics of the National Basketball Association use this shade for their uniforms, logos, and other memorabilia.

Sap green

Sap green
 
About these coordinates     Colour coordinates
Hex triplet#123524
sRGBB  (rgb)(18, 53, 36)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(82, 51, 80, 64)
HSV       (h, Saturation (color theory)(151°, 66%, 21%)
SourceThe Mother of All HTML Colo(u)r Charts
ISCC–NBS descriptorVery dark yellowish green
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Sap green is a green pigment that was traditionally made of ripe buckthorn berries.[41] However, modern colors marketed under this name are usually a blend of other pigments, commonly with a basis of Phthalocyanine Green G.[42] Sap green paint was frequently used on Bob Ross's TV show, The Joy of Painting.[43]

Jade

Jade
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#00A86B
sRGBB  (rgb)(0, 168, 107)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(100, 0, 36, 34)
HSV       (h, Saturation (color theory)(158°, 100%, 66%)
Source[Unsourced]
ISCC–NBS descriptorStrong yellowish green
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Jade, also called jade green, is a representation of the color of the gemstone called jade, although the stone itself varies widely in hue.

A slab of jade

The color name jade green was first used in Spanish in the form piedra de ijada in 1569.[44] The first recorded use of jade green as a color name in English was in 1892.[45]

Malachite

Malachite
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#0BDA51
sRGBB  (rgb)(11, 218, 81)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(60, 0, 40, 22)
HSV       (h, Saturation (color theory)(140°, 95%, 85%)
SourceMaerz and Paul[46]
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid yellowish green
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Malachite, also called malachite green, is a color that is a representation of the color of the mineral malachite.

Polished malachite

The first recorded use of malachite green as a color name in English was in the 1200s (exact year uncertain).[47]

Opal

Opal
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#A8C3BC
sRGBB  (rgb)(168, 195, 188)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(14, 0, 4, 24)
HSV       (h, Saturation (color theory)(164°, 18%, 76%)
Source[3]
ISCC–NBS descriptorLight green
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)
Rough opal in matrix
Rough opal in matrix
Cut and polished opals
Cut and polished opals

Displayed at right is the color opal.

It is a pale shade of cyan that is reminiscent of the color of an opal gemstone, although as with many gemstones, opals come in a wide variety of colors.

Brunswick green

Brunswick green
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#1B4D3E
sRGBB  (rgb)(27, 77, 62)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(65, 0, 20, 70)
HSV       (h, Saturation (color theory)(162°, 65%, 30%)
Source[Unsourced]
ISCC–NBS descriptorDark green
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Brunswick green is a common name for green pigments made from copper compounds, although the name has also been used for other formulations that produce a similar hue, such as mixtures of chrome yellow and Prussian blue. The pigment is named after Braunschweig, Germany (also known as Brunswick in English) where it was first manufactured. It is a deep, dark green, which may vary from intense to very dark, almost black.[48]

The first recorded use of Brunswick green as a color name in English was in 1764.[49] Another name for this color is English green. The first use of English green as a synonym for Brunswick green was in 1923.[50]

Deep Brunswick green is commonly recognized as part of the British racing green spectrum, the national auto racing color of the United Kingdom.

A different color, also called Brunswick green, was the color for passenger locomotives of the grouping and then the nationalized British Railways. There were three shades of these colors and they are defined under British Standard BS381C – 225, BS381C – 226, and BS381C – 227 (ordered from lightest to darkest). The Brunswick green used by the Nationalised British Railways – Western Region for passenger locomotives was BS381C – 227 (rgb(30:62:46)). RAL6005 is a close substitute to BS381C – 227. A characteristic of these colors was the ease for various railway locations to mix them by using whole pots of primary colors – hence the ability to get reasonably consistent colors with manual mixing half a century and more ago.

The color used by the Pennsylvania Railroad for locomotives was often called Brunswick green, but officially was termed dark green locomotive enamel (DGLE). This was a shade of green so dark as to be almost black, but which turned greener with age and weathering as the copper compounds further oxidized.[51]

Castleton green

Castleton green
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#00563B
sRGBB  (rgb)(0, 86, 59)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(90, 40, 83, 38)
HSV       (h, Saturation (color theory)(161°, 100%, 34%)
SourceCastleton Colors[52]
ISCC–NBS descriptorDark yellowish green
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Castleton green is one of the two official colors of Castleton University in Vermont. The official college colors are green (PMS 343) and white. The Castleton University Office of Marketing and Communications created the Castleton colors for web and logo development and has technical guidelines, copyright and privacy protection; as well as logos and images that developers are asked to follow in the college's guidelines for using official Castleton logos. If web developers are using green on a university website, they are encouraged to use Castleton green. It is prominently used for representing Castleton's athletic teams, the Castleton Spartans.

Bottle green

Bottle green
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#006A4E
sRGBB  (rgb)(0, 106, 78)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(100, 0, 26, 58)
HSV       (h, Saturation (color theory)(164°, 100%, 42%)
SourceEncycolorpedia[53]
ISCC–NBS descriptorDark green
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Bottle green is a dark shade of green, similar to pine green. It is a representation of the color of green glass bottles.

Green bottles on a windowsill

The first recorded use of bottle green as a color name in English was in 1816.[54]

Bottle green is a color in Prismacolor marker and pencil sets. It is also the color of the uniform of the Police Service of Northern Ireland replacing the Royal Ulster Constabulary's "rifle green" colored uniforms in 2001. It is also the green used in uniforms for South Sydney High School in Sydney.[55]

Bottle green is also the color most associated with guide signs and street name signs in the United States.

Bottle green is also the background color of the Flag of Bangladesh, as defined by the government of Bangladesh.[56] Another name for this color is Bangladesh green.[57]

Dartmouth green

Dartmouth green
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#00693E
sRGBB  (rgb)(0, 105, 62)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(100, 0, 91, 42)
HSV       (h, Saturation (color theory)(152°, 100%, 44%)
SourceDartmouth Brand Guide[58]
ISCC–NBS descriptorDeep yellowish green
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Dartmouth green is the official color of Dartmouth College, adopted in 1866. It was chosen for being the only decent primary color that had not been taken already.[59][60] It is prominently used as the name of the Dartmouth College athletic team, the Dartmouth Big Green. The Dartmouth athletic teams adopted this new name after the college officially discontinued the use of its unofficial mascot, the Dartmouth Indian, in 1974.

Dartmouth green and white are the main colors of Lithuanian basketball club Žalgiris Kaunas.

GO Transit green

GO green
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#00AB66
sRGBB  (rgb)(0, 171, 102)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(100, 0, 40, 33)
HSV       (h, Saturation (color theory)(156°, 100%, 67%)
SourceLegislative Assembly of Ontario[61]
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid yellowish green
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

GO green was the color used for the brand of GO Transit, the regional commuter service in the Greater Toronto Area.

A GO Transit train on the Lakeshore West line in Toronto, Canada

Between 1967 and 2013, the brand and color that has adorned each of its train, buses, and other property generally remained unchanged.[62] It also matched the shade of green used on signs for highways in Ontario. In July 2013, GO Transit updated its look to a two-tone color scheme.[63]

Gotham green

Gotham green
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#00573F
sRGBB  (rgb)(0, 87, 63)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(91, 14, 78, 60)
HSV       (h, Saturation (color theory)(163°, 100%, 34.1%)
Source[64]
ISCC–NBS descriptorDark yellowish green
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Gotham green is the official color of the New York Jets as of 4 April 2019. The name is a reference to one of the Nicknames of New York City.

Pakistan green

Pakistan green
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#01411C
sRGBB  (rgb)(1, 65, 28)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(98, 0, 57, 75)
HSV       (h, Saturation (color theory)(145°, 99%, 26%)
Source[Unsourced]
ISCC–NBS descriptorDeep yellowish green
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Pakistan green is a shade of dark green, used in web development and graphic design. It is also the background color of the national flag of Pakistan. It is almost identical to the HTML/X11 dark green in sRGB and HSV values.

Sacramento State green

Sacramento State green
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#043927
sRGBB  (rgb)(0, 78, 56)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(89, 19, 72, 60)
HSV       (h, Saturation (color theory)(160°, 93%, 22%)
SourceSacramento State[65]
ISCC–NBS descriptorVery dark yellowish green
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

In 2004, California State University, Sacramento rebranded itself as Sacramento State, while keeping the official name as the long form. In the process of rebranding a new logo was selected, and in 2005 it formalized the colors which it would use.[65]

Paris green

Main page: Chemistry:Paris green
Paris green
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#50C878
sRGBB  (rgb)(80, 200, 120)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(60, 0, 40, 22)
HSV       (h, Saturation (color theory)(140°, 60%, 78%)
Source[Unsourced]
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid yellowish green
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Paris green is a color that ranges from pale and vivid blue green to deeper true green. It comes from the inorganic compound copper (II) acetoarsenite and was once a popular pigment in artists' paints.

Spanish green

Spanish green
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#009150
sRGBB  (rgb)(0, 145, 80)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(100, 0, 100, 0)
HSV       (h, Saturation (color theory)(153°, 100%, 57%)
SourceGallego and Sanz[66]
ISCC–NBS descriptorStrong yellowish green
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Spanish green is the color that is called "verde" (the Spanish word for "green") in the Guía de coloraciones (Guide to colorations) by Rosa Gallego and Juan Carlos Sanz, a color dictionary published in 2005 that is widely popular in the Hispanophone realm.

UNT green

UNT green
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#00853E
sRGBB  (rgb)(0, 133, 62)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(100, 0, 53, 48)
HSV       (h, Saturation (color theory)(148°, 100%, 52%)
SourceUniversity of North Texas Identity Guide[67]
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

UNT green is one of three official colors used by the University of North Texas. It is the primary color that appears on branding and promotional material produced by and on behalf of the university.[67]

UP forest green

UP forest green
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#014421
sRGBB  (rgb)(1, 68, 33)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(89, 44, 97, 52)
HSV       (h, Saturation (color theory)(149°, 99%, 27%)
SourceUniversity of the Philippines[68]
ISCC–NBS descriptorVery dark yellowish green
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

At the right is one of the official colors used by the University of the Philippines, designated as "UP forest green". It is based on the approved color specifications to be used for the seal of the university.[68]

Hooker's green

Hooker's green
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#49796B
sRGBB  (rgb)(73, 121, 107)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(73, 36, 59, 15)
HSV       (h, Saturation (color theory)(163°, 39.7%, 47.5%)
SourceWinsor & Newton[69]
ISCC–NBS descriptorModerate green
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Hooker's green is a dark green color created by mixing Prussian blue and gamboge. It is displayed on the right. Hooker's green takes its name from botanical artist William Hooker (1779–1832) who first created it particularly for illustrating leaves.[70]

Aero blue

Aero blue
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#C0E8D5
sRGBB  (rgb)(192, 232, 213)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(17, 0, 8, 9)
HSV       (h, Saturation (color theory)(151.5°, 17.2%, 91%)
SourceResene
ISCC–NBS descriptorVery light green
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Aero blue is a fluorescent greenish-cyan color. Aero blue was used as rainshower in one of the Sharpie permanent markers but not as bright on the marker. However, there is no mechanism for showing fluorescence on a computer screen.

Morning sky

Morning sky
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#8DA399
sRGBB  (rgb)(141, 163, 153)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(13, 0, 6, 36)
HSV       (h, Saturation (color theory)(153°, 14%, 64%)
SourceISCC-NBS
ISCC–NBS descriptorPale green
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Morning sky, also known as Morning blue is a representation of the color of the morning sky.

The year of the first recorded use of morning blue as a color name in English is unknown.

Early morning sky
Early morning sky

Feldgrau Green

Feldgrau (1937–1945)
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#4D5D53
sRGBB  (rgb)(77, 93, 83)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(17, 0, 11, 64)
HSV       (h, Saturation (color theory)(143°, 17%, 36%)
SourceMindjunker
ISCC–NBS descriptorDark grayish green
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Feldgrau (field grey) was the color of the field uniform of the German Army from 1937 to 1945, and the East German NVA armies. Metaphorically, feldgrau used to refer to the armies of Germany (the Imperial German Army and the Heer [army] component of the Reichswehr and the Wehrmacht).

See also

  • List of colors

References

  1. "web.forret.com Color Conversion Tool set to hex code of color #00FF80 (Spring Green)". http://web.forret.com/tools/color.asp?RGB=%2300FF80. 
  2. "web.forret.com Color Conversion Tool set to hex code of color #00FF80 (Spring Green)". http://web.forret.com/tools/color.asp?RGB=%2300FF80. 
  3. Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 205; Color Sample of Spring Green: Page 59 Plate 18 Color Sample J7 (Note: Before the invention in 1987 of the X11 color spring green (which in the early 1990s became known as the X11 web color spring green), Spring Green was thought of as a light green tinted toward the yellow—this color is now called spring bud and it is the color that is shown in the color sample in Maerz and Paul as Spring Green, instead of the pure spectrum web color spring green halfway between green and cyan shown above that is now regarded as the color spring green.)
  4. "W3C TR CSS3 Color Module, HTML4 color keywords". w3.org. http://www.w3.org/TR/css3-color/#html4. 
  5. "web.forret.com Color Conversion Tool set to hex code of color #7FFFD4 (Aquamarine)". http://web.forret.com/tools/color.asp?RGB=%237FFFD4. 
  6. The color displayed in the color box above matches the color called spring green in the 1930 book by Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill; the color spring green is displayed on page 59, Plate 18, Color Sample J7.
  7. Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 205; Color Sample of Spring Green: Page 59 Plate 18 Color Sample J7 (Note: Before the formulation of the X11 color list color spring green in 1987, Spring Green was thought of as a light green tinted toward the yellow that is shown in the color box above labeled spring bud and in the color sample labeled spring green in Maerz and Paul, instead of the pure spectrum web color spring green halfway between green and cyan that is now regarded as the color spring green.)
  8. The color displayed in the color box above matches the color called emerald green in the 1930 book by Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill; the color emerald green is displayed on page 75, Plate 26, Color Sample J10.
  9. St. Clair, Kassia (2016). The Secret Lives of Colour. London: John Murray. pp. 220–221. ISBN 9781473630819. OCLC 936144129. 
  10. Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 194; Color Sample of Emerald: Page 75 Plate 26 Color Sample J10
  11. Chandraseekaran, Rajiv Imperial Life in the Emerald City: Inside Iraq's Green Zone 2007
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 Regan, Trish (2009-01-22). "Pot growers thrive in Northern California: Cash crop now accounts for two-thirds of Mendocino County economy". CNBC. http://www.nbcnews.com/id/28354324. 
  13. "Pigments through the Ages – History – Emerald green". http://www.webexhibits.org/pigments/indiv/history/emerald.html. 
  14. "Emerald Green or Paris Green, the Deadly Regency Pigment" (in en). 2010-03-05. https://janeaustensworld.wordpress.com/2010/03/05/emerald-green-or-paris-green-the-deadly-regency-paint/. 
  15. Wright, Jennifer (2017-03-17). "The History of Green Dye Is a History of Death" (in en). https://www.racked.com/2017/3/17/14914840/green-dye-history-death. 
  16. The color displayed in the color box above matches the color called viridian in the 1930 book by Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill; the color viridian is displayed on page 79, Plate 28, Color Sample K11.
  17. Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill; Page 207; the color viridian is displayed on page 79, Plate 28, Color Sample K11.
  18. "Tintbooks – Get Accurate CMYK Color Results For Your Printing Projects". 18 March 2007. http://www.tintbook.com/. 
  19. The sRGB values are taken by converting the NCS color 2060-G using the "NCS Navigator" tool at the NCS website.
  20. Munsell Color Wheel
  21. 21.0 21.1 "Pantone TPX Pantone Color Finder—Type the word "Green" into the indicated window on the Pantone Color Finder and the color will appear. There are six versions, all with the same color codes—C, EC, HC, PC, U, and UP.". Pantone. http://www.pantone.com/pages/pantone/colorfinder.aspx. 
  22. Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 194; Color Sample of Erin Page 81 Plate 29 Color Sample F12; A deep tone of the color Erin is shown as lying half way between a deep tone of green and a deep tone of the color that is now called spring green, on the bottom row of color samples on the color plate, which represent the deeper tones of the colors between green and the color now called spring green.
  23. "Dark green / #013220 Hex Color Code" (in en). http://encycolorpedia.com/013220. 
  24. "Dark pastel green / #03c03c Hex Color Code" (in en). http://encycolorpedia.com/03c03c. 
  25. Origins of the Cambridge Blue[May 2018| Dead link since May 2018}}">permanent dead link]
  26. web.forret.com Color Conversion Tool set to hex code of color #A3C1AD (Cambridge Blue):
  27. #A3C1AD Color Information
  28. Cambridge Identity Guidelines
  29. Austin house for sale
  30. "web.forret.com Color Conversion Tool set to hex code of color #3EB489 (Mint)". http://web.forret.com/tools/color.asp?RGB=%233EB489. 
  31. Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 199; color sample of Mint: Page 81 Plate 29 Color Sample L10
  32. web.forret.com Color Conversion Tool set to hex code #30BA8F (Mountain Meadow):
  33. Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 201; color sample of Persian green: Page 85 Plate 31 Color Sample H7
  34. The source of this color is the ISCC-NBS Dictionary of Color Names (1955), a color dictionary used by stamp collectors to identify the colors of stamps, now on the Internet—see sample of the color Persian green (color sample #159) displayed on indicated web page: [1] .
  35. The color displayed in the color box above matches the color called shamrock in the 1930 book by Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill; the color shamrock is displayed on page 65, Plate 21, Color Sample C9.
  36. Nicola Gordon Bowe. "Symbols of Ireland". .gov.ie. http://www.gov.ie/en/essays/symbols.html. 
  37. Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 204; Color Sample of Shamrock: Page 65 Plate 21 Color Sample C9
  38. Guidelines for Use of the National Flag, published by the Irish Government and the Department of the Taoiseach (.gov.ie). Document retrieved 3 April 2018
  39. Library. "National Flag". https://www.taoiseach.gov.ie/eng/Historical_Information/The_National_Flag/. 
  40. "California Code, Government Code – GOV § 420". FindLaw. http://codes.findlaw.com/ca/government-code/gov-sect-420.html. 
  41. Vergnaud, Armand Denis; Toussaint, G. Alvar (1874) (in en). A Practical Treatise on the Manufacture of Colors for Painting: Comprising the Origin, Definition, and Classification of Colors; the Treatment of the Raw Materials Etc. H.C. Baird. p. 535. https://archive.org/details/apracticaltreat00malegoog. Retrieved 2 August 2018. "sap green." 
  42. MacEvoy, Bruce. "handprint : colormaking attributes". http://www.handprint.com/HP/WCL/waterg.html. 
  43. "Sap Green" (in en). https://www.bobross.com/ProductDetails.asp?ProductCode=SapGreen. 
  44. Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 162—Discussion of color Jade Green
  45. Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 197
  46. The color displayed in the color box above matches the color called malachite in the 1930 book by Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill; the color malachite green is displayed on page 79, Plate 28, Color Sample A9.
  47. Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 198; Color Sample of Malachite Green: Page 79 Plate 28 Color Sample A9
  48. Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill--Discussion of the color Brunswick Green Page 151
  49. Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 191; Color Sample of Brunswick Green (deep): Page 71 Plate 24 Color Sample A12
  50. Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 194; the color sample for English Green is noted as being the same as for Brunswick Green (deep): Page 71 Plate 24 Color Sample A12
  51. (unknown) (1913). Modern Artist's Pigments , retrieved on 13 December 2005.
  52. "Colors". https://www.castleton.edu/news-media/the-office-of-marketing-communications/brand-identity/colors/. 
  53. "Bangladesh green / #006a4e Hex Color Code". https://encycolorpedia.com/006a4e. 
  54. Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 190; Color Sample of Bottle Green: Page 85 Plate 31 Color Sample J7
  55. "Uniform policy". http://www.sthsydney-h.schools.nsw.edu.au/our-school/uniform/uniform-policy. 
  56. People's Republic of Bangladesh Flag Rules, 1972 (Revised up to 2005) , Government of Bangladesh, Cabinet Division.
  57. "Archived copy". http://www.colorpicker.com/color/bangladesh-green. 
  58. "Dartmouth Brand Guide". Dartmouth College. https://communications.dartmouth.edu/sites/communications.dartmouth.edu/files/dartmouth_styleguide_2014.pdf. 
  59. (in en) The Harvard Advocate. Harvard Advocate.. 1866. https://books.google.com/books?id=vXIEAAAAYAAJ&q=dartmouth+green+only+color&pg=RA1-PA22. 
  60. (in en) The Yale Courant. 1866. https://books.google.com/books?id=Vbk-AAAAYAAJ&q=dartmouth+green+only+color&pg=PA30. 
  61. "Metrolinx". Legislative Assembly of Ontario. http://www.ontla.on.ca/library/repository/mon/25010/313456.pdf. 
  62. "The design history of the GO Transit logo". http://www.gregcunneyworth.com/files/goTransit.pdf. 
  63. Gillis, Wendy (2013-07-16). "GO Transit trains and buses get a makeover". Toronto Star. https://www.thestar.com/news/gta/transportation/2013/07/16/go_transit_trains_and_buses_get_a_makeover.html. 
  64. "New York Jets Colors Hex, RGB, and CMYK". 22 May 2017. https://teamcolorcodes.com/new-york-jets-color-codes/. 
  65. 65.0 65.1 "Sacramento State Brand Book". Sacramento State. http://www.csus.edu/brand/assets/pdfs/SacState_BrandBook2015.pdf. 
  66. Gallego, Rosa; Sanz, Juan Carlos (2005). Guía de coloraciones (Gallego, Rosa; Sanz, Juan Carlos (2005). Guide to Colorations) Madrid: H. Blume. ISBN:84-89840-31-8
  67. 67.0 67.1 "Color | UNT Identity Guide". https://identityguide.unt.edu/create-our-look/color. 
  68. 68.0 68.1 "UP Brandbook". http://www.upv.edu.ph/downloads/files/UPBrandBook2007.pdf. 
  69. "Colour Chart – Hooker's Green". Winsor & Newton. http://www.winsornewton.com/products/acrylic-colours/galeria-acrylic-colour/colour-chart/hooker%27s-green/. 
  70. St. Clair, Kassia (2016). The Secret Lives of Colour. London: John Murray. p. 81. ISBN 9781473630819. OCLC 936144129.