Chemistry:2-Ethylhexyl acrylate

From HandWiki
Jump to: navigation, search
2-Ethylhexyl acrylate
2-ethylhexyl acrylate.svg
Names
Preferred IUPAC name
2-Ethylhexyl prop-2-enoate
Other names
2-Ethylhexyl acrylate
2-EHA
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
Properties
C11H20O2
Molar mass 184.279 g·mol−1
Hazards
GHS pictograms GHS07: Harmful[1]
GHS Signal word Warning
H315, H317, H335, H412[1]
P273, P280, P304+340+312Script error: No such module "Preview warning".Category:GHS errors, P333+313[1]
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
Infobox references
Tracking categories (test):

2-Ethylhexyl acrylate is a colorless liquid acrylate with a sweet odor.

Preparation

Racemic 2-ethylhexyl acrylate can be prepared with a high yield by esterification of acrylic acid with racemic 2-ethylhexanol in the presence of hydroquinone as a polymerization inhibitor and a strong acid such as methanesulfonic acid by reactive distillation using toluene as an azeotroping agent.[2]

Properties

2-Ethylhexyl acrylate polymerizes easily. The polymerization can be initiated by light, peroxides, heat, or contaminants. It can react violently when combined with strong oxidants and can form explosive mixtures with air at temperatures above 82 °C (180 °F). The chemical, physical, and toxicological properties, however, can be greatly modified by additives or stabilizers.

Use

2-Ethylhexyl acrylate and butyl acrylate are the major base monomers for the preparation of acrylate adhesives. 2-Ethylhexyl acrylate can react by free-radical polymerization to form macromolecules having a molecular weight of up to 200,000 g/mol. Other monomers such as vinyl acetate, methyl acrylate, and styrene may be copolymerized to modify the properties of the resulting polymer.[3]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Record of 2-Ethylhexyl acrylate in the GESTIS Substance Database of the Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, accessed on 11 March 2020.
  2. R.L. Carlyle, "Process for the production of acrylic acid esters", US patent 2917538, published 1959-12-15, assigned to The Dow Chemical Co.
  3. Bodo Müller, Walter Rath, Walter Rath: Formulierung von Kleb- und Dichtstoffen. 1. Auflage. Vincentz Network, Hannover 2004, ISBN:3878707916, S. 235 ([1], p. 235, at Google Books)





Grammarly Check DataMelt statistical framewwork for data scientists RTextDoc LaTeX editor HandWiki ads