|Preferred IUPAC name
3D model (JSmol)
|Molar mass||438.06 g/mol|
|Appearance||Clear, colorless liquid|
|Melting point||−25 °C (−13 °F; 248 K)|
|Boiling point||103 to 104 °C (217 to 219 °F; 376 to 377 K)|
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
|what is ?)(|
Perfluorooctane, also known as octadecafluorooctane, is a fluorocarbon liquid—a perfluorinated derivative of the hydrocarbon octane. It can be a good substitute for insulating oil in high voltage electronics. In addition to heat transfer applications, it has also been used as a breathable fluid in partial liquid ventilation.
The Fowler process involves moderating the action of elemental fluorine with cobalt fluoride in the gas phase from octane.
Electrolysis in hydrogen fluoride of nonanoic acid will produce both perfluorononanoic acid and perfluorooctane. Perfluorooctane manufactured this way is marketed under the name PF5080 (or FC77) by 3M as part of their Fluorinert range of heat transfer fluids.
Perfluorooctane is chemically inert, but has useful physical properties, leading to its employment in diverse areas:
- Perfluorooctane at Sigma-Aldrich
- H. Proquitté; M. Rüdiger; R. R. Wauer; G. Schmalisch (2003). "Breathing gas perfluorocarbon measurements using an absorber filled with zeolites". British Journal of Anaesthesia 91 (5): 736–8. doi:10.1093/bja/aeg247. PMID 14570799.
- "3M Performance Fluid PF-5080". 3M. http://solutions.3m.com/wps/portal/3M/en_WW/electronics/home/productsandservices/products/ProductNavigator/Chemicals/?PC_7_RJH9U5230GE3E02LECIE20KAJ2_nid=7DPXKMZHBZbe68CXDBXGWDgl.
- "Tradeline Medical - Buy Medical Grade Perfluorooctane". http://tradelinemedical.net/perfluorooctane.htm.
- "Retinal detachment surgery following implantation of a keratoprosthesis. A case report.". Bulletin de la Société Belge d'Ophtalmologie 243: 167–169. 1992. PMID 1302147.
Original source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perfluorooctane. Read more