HandWiki

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HandWiki
Logo of HandWiki Encyclopedia of science and computing.svg
Logo of HandWiki Encyclopedia
Screenshot
Handwiki org screenshot2019.png
HandWiki homepage, 2019
Type of site
Online encyclopedia
Available inEnglish
Headquarters
Created byS.Chekanov
Websitehttps://handwiki.org
CommercialNo
RegistrationYes (Required to edit pages, via request of account)
LaunchedOct 20, 2019
Current statusActive
Content license
CC BY-SA 3.0


HandWiki [1] is an internet Wiki-style encyclopedia for professional researchers in various branches of science and computer science. As other Wiki type encyclopedias, HandWiki is designed for collaborative editing of articles.

Unlike the traditional Wikipedia that uses the categories concept for all articles located in the main namespace, HandWiki uses dedicated namespaces for each topic. This allows creation of "Books" or "Manual" by grouping articles under the same namespace. According to the Handwiki designers, this can simplify organization of articles according to particular topic. HandWiki has the following topics included in the dedicated namespaces: Mathematics, Computers, Analysis, Physics, Astronomy, Biology, Chemistry, Unsolved. In addition to the categories preserved from Wikipedia, HandWiki has its own categories for original articles posted to HandWiki.

One notable feature of HandWiki is that it allows to collaborate in real-time on many types of documents (lectures, books, technical documents, etc.) with multiple authors. The text can be protected from viewing, and can only be available for groups of people working on the same project. HandWiki can be used to convert such articles to LaTeX and to use BibTeX for referencing. These two features are a significant advantage for preparing research articles for publication.

The HandWiki is designed using the MediaWiki software with additional extensions for inclusion of references to programming codes and BibTeX citations.

HandWiki registration policy

Unlike Wikipedia, HandWiki does not allow anonymous editing. The login to HandWiki is restricted [2] for professional researchers after indicating an evidence for their qualifications by imposing the requirement that the users who can edit HandWiki articles should have at least one publication in peer-reviewed journals. This is enforced through providing ORCID (Open Researcher and Contributor ID) number during the registration, which uniquely identifies scientific and other academic authors and contributors. As an alternative, a researcher can send an email to the support team indicating his/her published research article.

According to the HandWiki documentation [2], the registered users can create manuals and tutorials using dedicated MediaWiki namespaces, and use different type of licenses. In particular, some articles (especially manuals and tutorials) posted on HandWiki may contain license restrictions imposed by their authors.

Article acceptance policy

HandWiki, in its original form [2], has a more permissive policy for acceptance of articles than Wikipedia. In particular, it does not enforce the Wikipedia notability for scholarly content. The quality of the submitted articles are enforced through the qualifications requirement of the editors, which reduces the importance for the notability of the content which is difficult to apply to scholarly content.

One important requirement for article submission is the article should have at least one reference to an "external source", without a clear indication about the nature of this source. HandWiki does not have a super-user or administrator [3] who is in charge of removing articles depending on its content. The main idea behind this decision [3] is that the articles submitted by researches will be sufficiently scrutinized by other researches, and its mistakes and scientific rigor can easily be determined via collaborative discussions of qualified researches.

History

HandWiki was first announced [4] in October 2019 as a research encyclopedia for data science. The main motivation was to mitigate Wikipedia's deletionism (also see the article deletionism and inclusionism in Wikipedia) for scholarly content, thus acknowledging the problem with the Wikipedia notability for wiki-style public resources that expose scientific knowledge (see also the article "Criticism of Wikipedia"). In October 2019, the project is being carried out under the auspices of the members of the jWork portal. The technical aspect of HandWiki was executed following the standard data analysis principles [5]. The creation of HandWiki was triggered by several Limitations of Wikipedia for scholarly content.

Currently HandWiki is supported via donations and membership fees that go to web services, documentation projects and user support.

Current statistics

In January 2020 HandWiki contained more than 100,000 scholarly articles, and became one of the largest online encyclopaedias of science and computing, exceeding the number of articles in Wikipedia for these topics [6] Most articles, unless stated otherwise, have the standard Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License and the GNU Free Documentation License. Many articles are imported from the current version of Wikipedia, as indicated in the footnotes attached to such articles. The articles are synchronized with Wikipedia, but giving preference to local edits. The articles were reformatted by removing some standard Wikipedia templates, and all internal references were redesigned to include articles from different HandWiki namespaces. A fraction of articles was imported [2] from the previous versions of Wikipedia. HandWiki attempts to preserve Wikipedia articles were rejected by the Wikipedia editors because of the issues with the notability. In particular, HandWiki includes research articles from Deletionpedia and Wikipedia archive dumps [7]. HandWiki also includes ordinal research articles and articles from other public resources after importing them to the MediaWiki format.

HandWiki documentation advises [3] to resubmit the HandWiki articles edited by professional researches back to Wikipedia, after such articles are sufficiently scrutinized on HandWiki, and can be inserted to Wikipedia following the Wikipedia policy.

References

  1. HandWiki. An online wiki encyclopedia dedicated to science and computing https://jwork.org/wiki/, Retrieved in Nov 2019
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 HandWiki acceptance policy. About HandWiki, Retrieved Nov 2019
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 HandWiki FAQ, HadWiki FAQ. Retrieved in Nov 2019]
  4. "Wikis for publishing scholarly articles on data science and software", By R.Riviera (Oct. 2019), Article, Data Science Central, October 2019
  5. "How to make you own Wiki from Wikipedia using Python", by S.Chekanov, Article, JWork.ORG (Retrieved in Nov 2019)
  6. HandWiki encyclopedia of datascience. DataScience central, Jan 2020, Article
  7. Wikimedia Downloads Historical Archives URL, Retrieved in Nov 2019

External links

Software:DataMelt https://grammarly.go2cloud.org/aff_c?offer_id=3&aff_id=55953 http://jwork.org/rtextdoc/ Company:Tier.Net https://www.hostmonster.com/?utm_source=handwiki.org&utm_medium=affiliate&utm_campaign=affiliate-link_chekanov_notype HandWiki:Sponsorship HandWiki:Sponsorship