|Source||Maerz and Paul|
|ISCC–NBS descriptor||Brilliant purple|
Mauve (/ˈmoʊv/ (listen), mohv; /ˈmɔːv/ (listen), mawv) is a pale purple color named after the mallow flower (French: mauve). The first use of the word mauve as a color was in 1796–98 according to the Oxford English Dictionary, but its use seems to have been rare before 1859. Another name for the color is mallow, with the first recorded use of mallow as a color name in English in 1611.
Mauve contains more gray and more blue than a pale tint of magenta. Many pale wildflowers called "blue" are more accurately classified as mauve. Mauve is also sometimes described as pale violet.
Mauveine, the first commercial aniline dye
The synthetic dye mauve was first so named in 1859. Chemist William Henry Perkin, then eighteen, was attempting in 1856 to synthesize quinine, which was used to treat malaria. He noticed an unexpected residue, which turned out to be the first aniline dye. Perkin originally named the dye Tyrian purple after the historical dye, but the product was renamed mauve after it was marketed in 1859. It is now usually called Perkin's mauve, mauveine, or aniline purple.
Earlier references to a mauve dye in 1856–1858 referred to a color produced using the semi-synthetic dye murexide or a mixture of natural dyes. Perkin was so successful in marketing his discovery to the dye industry that his biography by Simon Garfield is simply entitled Mauve. Between 1859 and 1861, mauve became a fashion must have. The weekly journal All the Year Round described women wearing the colour as "all flying countryward, like so many migrating birds of purple paradise". Punch magazine published cartoons poking fun at the huge popularity of the colour: “The Mauve Measles are spreading to so serious an extent that it is high time to consider by what means [they] may be checked.”
But, because it faded easily, the success of mauve dye was short-lived, and by 1873 it was replaced by other synthetic dyes. As the memory of the original dye soon receded, the contemporary understanding of mauve is as a lighter, less-saturated color than it was originally known.
The 1890s are sometimes referred to in retrospect as the "Mauve Decade" because of the popularity of the subtle color among progressive artistic types, both in Europe and the US.
|ISCC–NBS descriptor||Vivid purple|
The color displayed at right is the rich tone of mauve called mauve by Crayola.
French mauve (deep mauve)
|ISCC–NBS descriptor||Vivid purple|
The color displayed at right is the deep tone of mauve that is called mauve by Pourpre.com, a color list widely popular in France .
|ISCC–NBS descriptor||Light reddish purple|
The color displayed at right is opera mauve.
The first recorded use of opera mauve as a color name in English was in 1927.
|ISCC–NBS descriptor||Grayish purplish red|
The color displayed at right is mauve taupe.
The first recorded use of mauve taupe as a color name in English was in 1925.
|ISCC–NBS descriptor||Dark purplish red|
The color displayed at right is old mauve.
The first recorded use of old mauve as a color name in English was in 1925.
The normalized color coordinates for old mauve are identical to wine dregs, which was first recorded as a color name in English in 1924.
- Shades of purple
- Malvaria (Pyroluria), from the term mauve factor in Orthomolecular psychiatry
- ↑ The color displayed in the color box above matches the color called mauve in the 1930 book by Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York: 1930 McGraw-Hill; the color "mallow" is displayed on page 125, Plate 51, Color Sample I3 Note: It is stated in A Dictionary of Color that mallow and mauve are two different names used in English to refer to exactly the same color—the name mallow came into use in 1611 and mauve came into use as its synonym in 1856—see under the entry for each name on page 198 in the Index. See also discussion of the color Mallow (Mauve) on page 166.
- ↑ Brians, Paul. "Mauve". Common Errors in English. Washington State University. http://www.wsu.edu/~brians/errors/mauve.html.
- ↑ Oxford English Dictionaries on-line
- ↑ Webster's New World Dictionary of the American Language, College Edition (1964): "any of several shades of delicate purple."
- ↑ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York: 1930, McGraw-Hill, Page 198
- ↑ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York: 1930 McGraw-Hill Page 198; Color Sample of Mallow: page 125 Plate 51 Color Sample I3
- ↑ Jubilee of the discovery of mauve and of the foundation of the coal-tar colour industry by Sir W. H. Perkin (1906) - digital facsimile from the Linda Hall Library
- ↑ Travis, Anthony S. (1993). The Rainbow Makers: The Origins of the Synthetic Dyestuffs Industry in Western Europe. Bethlehem: Lehigh Univ. Press. p. 53. ISBN 978-0934223188.
- ↑ St. Clair, Kassia (2016). The Secret Lives of Colour. London: John Murray. pp. 169–171. ISBN 9781473630819. OCLC 936144129.
- ↑ Travis, Anthony S. (1993). The Rainbow Makers: The Origins of the Synthetic Dyestuffs Industry in Western Europe. Bethlehem: Lehigh Univ. Press. pp. 45–6. ISBN 978-0934223188.
- ↑ Garfield, S. (2000). Mauve: How One Man Invented a Colour That Changed the World. Faber and Faber, London, UK. ISBN 978-0-571-20197-6.
- ↑ Garfield, Simon (2000-09-21). "Simon Garfield on mauve" (in en-GB). The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. https://www.theguardian.com/books/2000/sep/21/fiction.simongarfield.
- ↑ Blakemore, Erin. "How Malaria Gave Us Mauve" (in en). https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/how-malaria-gave-us-mauve-180958427/.
- ↑ Jackson, Shelley. "Colors / Mauve | Shelley Jackson" (in en). http://cabinetmagazine.org/issues/28/jackson.php.
- ↑ Travis, Anthony S. (1993). The Rainbow Makers: The Origins of the Synthetic Dyestuffs Industry in Western Europe. Bethlehem, PA: Lehigh Univ. Press. p. 61. ISBN 978-0934223188.
- ↑ History of Dyes from 2600 BC to 20th Century - natural dyes, synthetic, by Susan C. Druding, 1982
- ↑ Thomas Beer (1926). The Mauve Decade: American Life At The End Of The Nineteenth Century. A. A. Knopf. http://gaslight.mtroyal.ab.ca/MauveX1.htm. Retrieved 5 February 2012.
- ↑ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York: 1930 McGraw-Hill Page 200; Color Sample page 107 Plate 42 Color Sample H5--Opera Mauve
- ↑ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York: 1930 McGraw-Hill Page 203; Color Sample of Mauve Taupe Page 37 Plate 7 Color Sample C8--Mauve Taupe
- ↑ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 200; Color Sample of Old Mauve: Page 109 Plate 46 Color Sample I5
- ↑ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 207; Color Sample of Wine Dregs Page 37 Plate 7 Color Sample L7
Original source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mauve. Read more