Philosophy:Eastern philosophy in clinical psychology

From HandWiki

Eastern philosophy in clinical psychology refers to the influence of Eastern philosophies on the practice of clinical psychology.

Historical clinical psychologists

  • Karen Horney studied Zen-Buddhism.[1]
  • Fritz Perls also studied Zen Buddhism.[2]
  • Erich Fromm collaborated with D. T. Suzuki in a 1957 workshop on "Zen Buddhism and Psychoanalysis";[3] wrote the foreword to a 1986 anthology of Nyanaponika Thera's essays.[4]

Contemporary clinicians

  • Marsha M. Linehan incorporates mindfulness techniques (particularly Zen practices) in her Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT) which has been found to be particularly effective with Cluster-B personality disorders.[5]

Techniques used in clinical settings

  • Vipassana - trains one to perceive the momentary arising and dissipating of all phenomena, nurturing the calm, detached recognition of all things' impermanence and interdependence.

See also


  1. For instance, Fromm et al. (1960, p. 78) states that Karen Horney "was intensely interested in Zen Buddhism during the last years of her life." Also see DeMartino (1991).
  2. Wulf (1996).
  3. Fromm et al.. (1960) is based on presentations given during the 1957 workshop.
  4. See Nyanaponika et al (1986)
  5. Regarding Linehan's conscious use of Zen techniques, see, for instance, Linehan (1993a), p. 19, and Linehan (1993b), p. 63.
  6. Kabat-Zinn, Jon (2011). "Some reflections on the origins of MBSR, skillful means, and the trouble with maps". Contemporary Buddhism 12 (1): 281–306. doi:10.1080/14639947.2011.564844. ISSN 1463-9947. 
  7. Kabat-Zinn, Jon (2013) (in en). Full Catastrophe Living: Using the Wisdom of Your Body and Mind to Face Stress, Pain, and Illness (2nd ed.). Random House Publishing Group. ISBN 978-0-345-53972-4. 

Further reading

  • Sarunya Prasopchingchana & Dana Sugu, 'Distinctiveness of the Unseen Buddhist Identity' (International Journal of Humanistic Ideology, Cluj-Napoca, Romania, vol. 4, 2010)
  • Abdullah, Somaya (Ph.D.) 'Multicultural social intervention and nation-building in South Africa: the role of Islamic counselling and psychotherapy.' Researcher and project leader at the Institute for Justice and Reconciliation.
  • Boeree, C. G. (1997). "Towards a Buddhist Psychotherapy". 
  • Damásio, António 2003. Looking for Spinoza: Joy, Sorrow, and the Feeling Brain, Harvest Books, ISBN:978-0-15-602871-4
  • DeMartino, R.J. "Karen Horney, Daisetz T. Suzuki, and Zen Buddhism." Am J Psychoanal. 1991 Sep; 51(3):267-83.
  • Drob, S. Freud and the Chasidim: Redeeming The Jewish Soul of Psychoanalysis. Jewish Review 3:1, 1989
  • Drob, Sanford L. (1998–2006). ""This is Gold": Freud, Psychotherapy and the Lurianic Kabbalah". 
  • Drob, Sanford L. (1999). "Jung and the Kabbalah". History of Psychology 2 (2): 102–118. doi:10.1037/1093-4510.2.2.102. PMID 11623735. Retrieved 2007-04-04. 
  • Erikson, Erik H. (1969). Gandhi's Truth: On the Origin of Militant Nonviolence. NY: W. W. Norton & Co. ISBN:0-393-31034-5.
  • Frankl, Victor. From Death Camp to Existentialism. Ilsa Lasch, trans. (Boston: Beacon Press, 1959)
  • Fromm, Erich, D. T. Suzuki & Richard De Martino (1960). Zen Buddhism and Psychoanalysis. NY: Harper & Row. ISBN:0-06-090175-6.
  • Gay, P. A Godless Jew: Freud, Atheism and the Making of Psychoanalysis. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1987.
  • Grof, Stanislav. "Alternative Cosmologies and Altered States". Noetic Sciences Review, Winter 1994a. pp. 21–29. 
  • Grof, S. (1994b). Books of the Dead. Thames and Hudson.
  • Grof, S. and J. Halifax (1977). The Human Encounter with Death. E. P. Dutton.
  • Kabat-Zinn, Jon (1990). Full Catastrophe Living: Using the Wisdom of Your Body and Mind to Face Stress, Pain, and Illness. NY: Dell Publishing. ISBN:0-385-30312-2.
  • Iqbal, Afzal & Arberry A. J. 'The Life and Work of Jalaluddin Rumi'
  • Klein, D. Jewish Origins of the Psychoanalytic Movement. Chicago: University of Chicago Press,1985.
  • Linehan, Marsha M. (1993a). Cognitive-Behavioral Treatment of Borderline Personality Disorder. NY: Guilford Press. ISBN:0-89862-183-6.
  • Linehan, Marsha M. (1993b). Skills Training Manual for Treating Borderline Personality Disorder. NY: Guilford Press. ISBN:0-89862-034-1.
  • Nielsen, M. E. (1994–2001). "Notable People in Psychology of Religion". 
  • Nyanaponika Thera, Bhikkhu Bodhi (ed.) & Erich Fromm (fwd.) (1986). Visions of Dhamma: Buddhist Writings of Nyanaponika Thera. York Beach, ME: Weiser Books. ISBN:0-87728-669-8.
  • Puhakka, Kaisa 'Transpersonal Knowing: Exploring the horizon of consciousness' (SUNY 2000)
  • Rhys Davids, C. A. F. 'A Buddhist manual of psychological ethics or Buddhist Psychology, of the Fourth Century B.C., being a translation, now made for the first time, from the Original Pāli of the First Book in the Abhidhamma-Piţaka, entitled Dhamma-Sangaṇi (Compendium of States or Phenomena) (1900). (Includes an original 80 page introduction.) Reprint currently available from Kessinger Publishing. ISBN:0-7661-4702-9.
  • Seidner, Stanley S. (June 10, 2009) "A Trojan Horse: Logotherapeutic Transcendence and its Secular Implications for Theology". Mater Dei Institute. pp 10–12.
  • Ticktin, S. (n.d.). "Biography". Adapted from a review of R.D. Laing: A Biography, by Adrian Laing. 
  • Wulf, R. (Nov 1996). "The Historical Roots of Gestalt Therapy Theory". Gestalt Dialogue: Newsletter of the Integrative Gestalt Centre. 
  • Zokav, G. 'The Heart of the Soul: Emotional Awareness.' New York: N.Y.: fireside. 2001

External links

Neuroscience and Buddhism Sarunya Prasopchingchana & Dana Sugu, 'Distinctiveness of the Unseen Buddhist Identity' ([1]International Journal of Humanistic Ideology, Cluj-Napoca, Romania, vol. 4, 2010)