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Short description: Deification of the self

Egotheism or Autotheism is the deification or worship of the self.[1][2][3] Critics of Johann Gottlieb Fichte and Ralph Waldo Emerson used the terms to label their Transcendental philosophy.[4][5][6][7] Autolatry is another synonym which was used to label the ideology of Max Stirner[8][9][10][11] and as an accusation towards Henry VIII.[12][13]

Ancient religions

Several Egyptian kings declared themselves gods during their reign.[14] Identification of the atman (self) with Brahman is a tenet of some sects of Hinduism. In Jainism, one who extinguishes all of their karmas becomes a tirthankara with godlike knowledge and powers.[15]

Modern religions

Founder of North Korea Kim Il-Sung instituted worship of himself amongst the citizens and it is considered the only country to deify its ruler.[16][17][18] Early individuals that declared themselves to be god include Englishman John Robins (prophet) and Danilo Filipov, who led a heterodox Quaker cult in Russia.[19][20] Contemporary figures who have professed themselves to be deities include Father Divine and Jim Jones.[21] Mormonism is a religion that teaches self deification.[22]

See also


  1. "Egotheism definition and meaning | Collins English Dictionary". 
  2. "Definition of AUTOTHEISM". 
  3. "Autolatry definition and meaning | Collins English Dictionary". 
  4. Versluis, Arthur (September 16, 1993). American Transcendentalism and Asian Religions. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-536037-0. 
  5. "The Contemporary Review". A. Strahan. October 2, 1868. 
  6. Hurth, Elisabeth (August 30, 2007). Between Faith and Unbelief: American Transcendentalists and the Challenge of Atheism. BRILL. ISBN 9789047421269. 
  7. Woodress, James Leslie (October 3, 2004). "American Literary Scholarship". Duke University Press. 
  8. Murray, James Augustus Henry (1888). "A New English Dictionary on Historical Principles". 
  9. "Lippincott's Monthly Magazine". 1868. 
  10. Janet, Paul (October 5, 1866). "The Materialism of the Present Day: A Critique of Dr. Büchner's System". H. Baillière. 
  11. Methodist Episcopal Church (1865). The Methodist Quarterly Review. American periodical series, 1800-1850. G. Lane and P.P. Sanford. p. 32. Retrieved 2023-02-19. 
  12. Routledge Library Editions: Historiography. Routledge Library Editions: Historiography. Taylor & Francis. 2021. p. 17-PA186. ISBN 978-1-317-26808-6. Retrieved 2023-02-19. 
  13. Oman, C.W.C. (2018). Revival: The Sixteenth Century (1936). Routledge Revivals. Taylor & Francis. p. 106. ISBN 978-1-351-34170-7. Retrieved 2023-02-19. 
  14. Sabbahy, Lisa K. (April 24, 2019). All Things Ancient Egypt: An Encyclopedia of the Ancient Egyptian World [2 volumes]. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 9781440855139. 
  15. Orr, Norman (January 29, 2021). Embracing Biological Humanism: Abandoning the Idea of God. Archway Publishing. ISBN 9781480898684. 
  16. He, K.; Feng, H. (2013). Prospect Theory and Foreign Policy Analysis in the Asia Pacific: Rational Leaders and Risky Behavior. Foreign Policy Analysis. Taylor & Francis. p. 62. ISBN 978-1-135-13119-7. Retrieved 2023-02-12. 
  17. Floru, JP (2017). The Sun Tyrant: A Nightmare Called North Korea. Biteback Publishing. p. 7. ISBN 978-1-78590-288-8. Retrieved 2023-02-13. 
  18. Vantage Point. Naewoe Press. 1982. Retrieved 2023-02-13. 
  19. Delany, P. (2015). British Autobiography in the Seventeenth Century. Routledge Library Editions: Autobiography. Taylor & Francis. p. 94. ISBN 978-1-317-37621-7. Retrieved 2023-01-17. 
  20. de Lazari, A. (1999) (in ru). Идеи в России. Idee w Rosji. Semper. ISBN 978-83-907031-8-3. Retrieved 2023-01-17. 
  21. "10 Real People Who Became Gods". September 2, 2016. 
  22. Hewitt, Hugh (March 12, 2007). A Mormon in the White House?: 10 Things Every Conservative Should Know About Mitt Romney. Simon and Schuster. ISBN 9781596980488. 
  • Peabody, Elizabeth Palmer. “Egotheism, the Atheism of To-Day” 1858, (reprinted in 1886 in her Last Evening with Allston)