# 64 (number)

__: Natural number__

**Short description**
| ||||
---|---|---|---|---|

Cardinal | sixty-four | |||

Ordinal | 64th (sixty-fourth) | |||

Factorization | 2^{6} | |||

Divisors | 1, 2, 4, 8, 16, 32, 64 | |||

Greek numeral | ΞΔ´ | |||

Roman numeral | LXIV | |||

Binary | 1000000_{2} | |||

Ternary | 2101_{3} | |||

Quaternary | 1000_{4} | |||

Quinary | 224_{5} | |||

Senary | 144_{6} | |||

Octal | 100_{8} | |||

Duodecimal | 54_{12} | |||

Hexadecimal | 40_{16} | |||

Vigesimal | 34_{20} | |||

Base 36 | 1S_{36} |

**64** (**sixty-four**) is the natural number following 63 and preceding 65.

## In mathematics

**Sixty-four** is the square of 8, the cube of 4, and the sixth power of 2. It is the smallest number with exactly seven divisors. It is the lowest positive power of two that is adjacent to neither a Mersenne prime nor a Fermat prime. 64 is the sum of Euler's totient function for the first fourteen integers. It is also a dodecagonal number^{[1]} and a centered triangular number.^{[2]} 64 is also the first whole number (greater than 1) that is both a perfect square and a perfect cube.

Since it is possible to find sequences of 64 consecutive integers such that each inner member shares a factor with either the first or the last member, 64 is an Erdős–Woods number.^{[3]}

In base 10, no integer added up to its own digits yields 64, hence it is a self number.^{[4]}

64 is a superperfect number—a number such that σ(σ(*n*)) = 2*n*.^{[5]}

64 is the index of Graham's number in the rapidly growing sequence 3↑↑↑↑3, 3 ↑^{3↑↑↑↑3} 3,…

## In science

- The atomic number of gadolinium, a lanthanide

### In astronomy

- Messier object M64, a magnitude 9.0 galaxy in the constellation Coma Berenices, also known as the Black Eye Galaxy.
- The New General Catalogue object NGC 64, a barred spiral galaxy in the constellation Cetus.

## In technology

- In some computer programming languages, the size in bits of certain data types
- 64-bit computing
- A 64-bit integer can represent up to 18,446,744,073,709,551,616 values.
- Base 64 is used in with Base64 encoding and other data compression formats.
- In 8-bit home computers, a common shorthand for the Commodore 64
- The ASCII code 64 is for the @ symbol
- The Nintendo 64 video game console and (historically) the Commodore 64.
- Since 1996, the number 64 has been an abbreviation or slang for Nintendo 64 (though
*N64*is more common) along with the games*Super Mario 64*,*Mario Kart 64*and more. - 64 is used in the term
*Smash 64*which is used to distinguish*Super Smash Bros.*(the video game) from the name of the series*Super Smash Bros.* - The number of stackable items in
*Minecraft*is at most 64.

## In other fields

**Sixty-four** is:

- Up to the year 1957, the Indian currency Rupee had 64 paise. Likewise, the Pakistani Rupee also had 64 paise up to 1961.
- In chess or draughts, the total number of black (dark) and white (light) squares on the 8 by 8 game board
- The total number of gems in a standard
*Bejeweled*game board *64*was the name of a former Russian chess magazine- The code for international direct dial calls to New Zealand (+64)
- The subject of the Beatles song "When I'm Sixty-Four"
- The registry of the U.S. Navy's aircraft carrier USS
*Constellation*(CV-64) - The number of braille characters in the old 6-dot system
- The maximum number of strokes in any Chinese character
- Number of hexagrams in the
*I Ching* - Number of demons in the
*Dictionnaire Infernal* - Slang term referring to a 1964 Chevrolet Impala, often configured as a lowrider, a popular subject among early-1990s gangsta rap
- The number of classical arts listed in many Indian scriptures. They include: singing, dancing, painting, poetry, playing cards, making arguments, making flower garlands, etc.
- The number of the French department Pyrénées-Atlantiques
- The number of crayons in the popular Crayola 64 pack
- Number of codons in the RNA codon table under genetic code
- Number of golden disks in the myth of the Tower of Hanoi
- A number referring to Tiananmen Square protests of 1989 (Chinese: 六四事件; literally: 'Six Four Incident') in Chinese
- "64" is the title of a song by the hip-hop group Mellowhype from their album
*BlackenedWhite* - Number of shares in a ship or boat under British Registry owing to its divisibility by 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, 16, 32
*64 Zoo Lane*, a British animated children's TV series

## See also

- List of highways numbered 64

## References

- ↑ "Sloane's A051624 : 12-gonal (or dodecagonal) numbers". OEIS Foundation. https://oeis.org/A051624.
- ↑ "Sloane's A005448 : Centered triangular numbers". OEIS Foundation. https://oeis.org/A005448.
- ↑ "Sloane's A059756 : Erdős-Woods numbers". OEIS Foundation. https://oeis.org/A059756.
- ↑ "Sloane's A003052 : Self numbers". OEIS Foundation. https://oeis.org/A003052.
- ↑ "Sloane's A019279 : Superperfect numbers". OEIS Foundation. https://oeis.org/A019279.

Original source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/64 (number).
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