Chemistry:Breithauptite

From HandWiki
Breithauptite
Breithauptite-229669.jpg
Breithauptite on calcite from the Samson Mine, St Andreasberg, Harz Mountains, Lower Saxony, Germany (Field of view 17 mm)
General
CategoryAntimonide mineral
Formula
(repeating unit)
nickel antimonide (NiSb)
Strunz classification2.CC.05
Crystal systemHexagonal
Crystal classDihexagonal dipyramidal (6/mmm)
H-M symbol: (6/m 2/m 2/m)
Space groupP63/mmc
Unit cella = 3.946 Å, c = 5.148 Å, Z = 2
Identification
ColorPale copper-red, may be with violet tint
Crystal habitCrystals rare, thin tabular or needlelike, to 1 mm; arborescent, disseminated, massive
TwinningTwin plane {1011}
CleavageNone
FractureSubconchoidal to uneven
TenacityBrittle
Mohs scale hardness5.5
|re|er}}Metallic
StreakReddish brown
DiaphaneityOpaque
Specific gravity7.591–8.23 measured; 8.629 calculated
PleochroismVery distinct
References[1][2][3]

Breithauptite is a nickel antimonide mineral with the simple formula NiSb. Breithauptite is a metallic opaque copper-red mineral crystallizing in the hexagonal - dihexagonal dipyramidal crystal system. It is typically massive to reniform in habit, but is observed as tabular crystals. It has a Mohs hardness of 3.5 to 4 and a specific gravity of 8.23.

It occurs in hydrothermal calcite veins associated with cobaltnickelsilver ores.

It was first described in 1840 from the Harz Mountains, Lower Saxony, Germany and in 1845 for occurrences in the Cobalt and Thunder Bay districts of Ontario, Canada . It was named to honor Saxon mineralogist Johann Friedrich August Breithaupt (1791–1873).

References

  • Palache, C., H. Berman, and C. Frondel (1944) Dana’s system of mineralogy, (7th edition), v. I, pp. 238–239
Massive breithauptite with orange-brown nickeline and minor quartz from the Cobalt area of Ontario, Canada