Krut'aite from El Dragón mine, Antonio Quijarro Province, Potosí Department, Bolivia (picture width 2.5 mm).
|Crystal class||Diploidal (m3) |
H-M symbol: (2/m 3)
|Space group||Isometric |
Space group: Pa3
|Unit cell||a = 6.056 Å, Z = 4|
|Crystal habit||Often found as inclusions or octahedral crystals.|
|Mohs scale hardness||4|
|Specific gravity||6.53 (calculated)|
|Common impurities||Co, Ni, Fe, Hg|
Krut'aite or krutaite is a rare mineral with the formula CuSe2. It crystallises in the cubic crystal system. It is part of the pyrite group, being composed of Cu2+ ions and Se22− ions. The mineral is most often found as a dark grey aggregate consisting of tiny crystals no more than a millimeter in size. The crystals are opaque in any size. It has no industrial use, but it is a prized collector's item.
Etymology and history
Krut'aite was first discovered in Petrovice in Okres Žďár nad Sázavou, Czech Republic and described in 1972 by Zdenek Johan, Paul Picot, Roland Pierrot and Milan Kvaček. It was named after the Czech mineralogist and director of the mineralogical laboratory of the Moravian museum, Tomáš Krut'a (1906–1998). Since Krut'a is officially spelled with a Ť, the mineral is written correctly as Krut'aite, according to the rules established by the IMA. In older publications, the apostrophe is omitted entirely.
Krut'aite forms through hydrothermal processes and is often associated with clausthalite, eskebornite, berzelianite, uraninite, hematite, ferroselite, bukovite, umangite, chalcopyrite and goethite. It forms a solid solution series with trogtalite.
It was first identified in Petrovice, Okres Žďár nad Sázavou, Czech Republic , which is the only known locality in the Czech republic for the mineral, but it has since been identified in other places in the world.
Weintraube Mine, Lerbach, Rosenhof veins, Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Harz, Lower Saxony, Germany .
Tumiñico Mine, Sierra de Cacho, Villa Castelli, General La Madrid department, La Rioja, Argentina .
Yutangba Selenium deposit, Enshi Co., Enshi Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefecture (E'xi Autonomous Prefecture), Hubei Province, China .
- "Krut'aite: Krut'aite mineral information and data.". http://www.mindat.org/min-2279.html.
- o., KP-SYS spol. s r.. "Kruťa, Tomáš, 1906-1998 - Bibliografie dějin Českých zemí". http://portaro.eu/huav/authorities/54056#?id=sgKOdLTbSPyS5hi8PVkBMA&pageSize=30&sorting=relevance.
- "Handbook of mineralogy". http://www.handbookofmineralogy.com/pdfs/krutaite.pdf.
- Petr Korbel, Milan Novák (2002). Minerals encyclopedia. Eggolsheim: Nebel Verlag GmbH. pp. 44. ISBN 3-89555-076-0.
Original source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Krut'aite. Read more