Pico-

From HandWiki

Pico (unit symbol p) is a unit prefix in the metric system denoting a factor of one trillionth in the short scale and one billionth in the long scale (0.000000000001); that is, 10−12.

Derived from the Spanish word pico,[1] (peak, beak, little bit), pico is one of the original twelve prefixes defined in 1960 when the International System of Units (SI) was established.[2]

Atomic radii range from 28 picometers (pm) for helium to 260 pm for caesium. One picolight-year (ply) is about nine kilometers (six miles).[3]

Carbon atom has radius of 77 picometers.

Prefix Base 10 Decimal English word Adoption[nb 1]
Name Symbol Short scale Long scale
yotta Y  1024 1000000000000000000000000  septillion  quadrillion 1991
zetta Z  1021 1000000000000000000000  sextillion  trilliard 1991
exa E  1018 1000000000000000000  quintillion  trillion 1975
peta P  1015 1000000000000000  quadrillion  billiard 1975
tera T  1012 1000000000000  trillion  billion 1960
giga G  109 1000000000  billion  milliard 1960
mega M  106 1000000  million 1873
kilo k  103 1000  thousand 1795
hecto h  102 100  hundred 1795
deca da  101 10  ten 1795
 100 1  one
deci d  10−1 0.1  tenth 1795
centi c  10−2 0.01  hundredth 1795
milli m  10−3 0.001  thousandth 1795
micro μ  10−6 0.000001  millionth 1873
nano n  10−9 0.000000001  billionth  milliardth 1960
pico p  10−12 0.000000000001  trillionth  billionth 1960
femto f  10−15 0.000000000000001  quadrillionth  billiardth 1964
atto a  10−18 0.000000000000000001  quintillionth  trillionth 1964
zepto z  10−21 0.000000000000000000001  sextillionth  trilliardth 1991
yocto y  10−24  0.000000000000000000000001  septillionth  quadrillionth 1991
  1. Prefixes adopted before 1960 already existed before SI. 1873 was the introduction of the CGS system.

See also

  • RKM code

References

simple:Pico-