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Short description: Extinct order of insects

Temporal range: Permian–Upper Jurassic
Scientific classification e
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Cohort: Polyneoptera
Order: Glosselytrodea
Martynov, 1938

See text


Jurinida Zalessky, 1929

Glosselytrodea is an extinct order of insects, containing about thirty species. Its fossil record dates from the Permian to the Upper Jurassic, and is distributed across Eurasia, the Americas, and Australia.[1][2] Its classification is uncertain, but may be closely related to Neuropterida or Orthoptera.[3]

An ongoing argument about whether this species falls under the Neuropterida or Orthoptera classification has been going on for decades, but scientists refer to its classification through specifics such as wing structure and genetic organization. The Glosselytrodea order resonates to the Neuropterida species through the constructional shape of its wings whilst it is related to the Orthoptera species through the organization of its veins.[4]

Families and genera


  • Archoglossopteridae Martynova, 1958
    • Archoglossopterum Martynova, 1958
  • Glosselytridae (Synonym: Uskatelytridae Martynova, 1952)
    • Glosselytron Martynov, 1938
    • Karajurina Novokshonov and Vilesov, 1994
    • Mongolojurina Ponomarenko, 1988
    • Sinojurina Huang, Nel, Lin and Dong, 2007
    • Uskatelytrum Martynova, 1952
  • Glossopteridae Sharov, 1966
    • Glossopterum Sharov, 1966
  • Jurinidae Zalessky, 1929 (Synonyms: Anorthoneuridae Martynov, 1938; Eoglosselytridae Martynova, 1952)
    • Eoglosselytrum Martynova, 1952
    • Isadelytron Rasnitsyn and Aristov, 2013
    • Jurina Zalessky, 1929
    • Ladinoglosselytron Hong, 2007
    • Mesojurina Martynova, 1943
    • Protojurina Martynova, 1958
    • Shaanxiglosselytron Hong, 2007
    • Sinoglosselytron Hong, 2007
    • Surijoka Martynova, 1958
  • Permoberothidae Tillyard, 1932
    • Moscheloptera Pérez‐de la Fuente, Nel and Poschmann, 2022
    • Permoberotha Tillyard, 1932
    • Sylvaelytron Novokshonov, 1998
  • Polycytellidae Martynova, 1952
    • Argentinoglosselytrina Martins-Neto and Gallego, 2001
    • Moltenojurina Béthoux and Anderson, 2021
    • Polycytella Tillyard, 1922


  1. Penney, David; Jepson, James E. (2014). Fossil Insects: An Introduction to Palaeoentomology. Siri Scientific Press. ISBN 978-0-9574530-6-7. 
  2. Huang, Di-ying (2007). "The first Glosselytrodea (Insecta) from the latest Middle Permian of Anhui Province, China". Bulletin de la Société entomologique de France (Société entomologique de France) 112 (2): 179–182. 
  3. Grimaldi, David; Engel, Michael S. (2005). Evolution of the Insects. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-1-107-26877-7. 
  4. Bethoux, Olivier (Fall 2001). "The First Glosselytrodea (Insecta) From The Upper Permian Of France (Lodi Ve Basin)". Geobios. doi:10.1016/s0016-6995(01)80004-8. 
  5. Pérez‐de la Fuente, R.; Nel, A.; Poschmann, M. J. (2022). "Shedding light on the enigmatic extinct insect order Glosselytrodea: new diversity and key morphological insights into non‐tegmenized Permian forms". Papers in Palaeontology 8 (4): e1452. doi:10.1002/spp2.1452. 

Wikidata ☰ Q5571905 entry