Demultiplexer (media file)

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Short description: Type of software that splits an analog or digital signal into multiple signals

A demultiplexer for digital media files, or media demultiplexer, also called a file splitter by laymen or consumer software providers, is software that demultiplexes individual elementary streams of a media file, e.g., audio, video, or subtitles and sends them to their respective decoders for actual decoding.[1] Media demultiplexers are not decoders themselves, but are format container handlers that separate media streams from a (container) file and supply them to their respective audio, video, or subtitles decoders.[2]

Notable file splitters

  • Microsoft AVI splitter - Part of Microsoft Windows.[3][4][5]
  • Haali Media Splitter - demultiplexes MP4 (MPEG-4), M2TS (MPEG transport stream) and MKV (Matroska) files.[6]
  • FLV Splitter - demultiplexes Flash video files.[7]
  • Gabest splitter (part of Media Player Classic) - demultiplexes e.g. 3GP, MP4
  • LAV Splitter - part of the LAV Filters project (open source DirectShow media splitter and decoders).[8]
  • libavformat (part of the FFmpeg project) - demultiplexes many formats e.g. 3GP, ASF, AVI, FLV, SWF, M2TS, MKV, MOV, MP4, MPG, NSV, NUT, Ogg, RM, AIFF, AU, WAV, etc.[9]
  • libvlc (part of VideoLAN project and VLC Media Player) - demultiplexes many formats e.g. MPEG transport stream, MPEG program stream, MP4, MOV, 3GP, Ogg, OGM, ASF, WMV, WMA, MKV, FLV, etc.[10]
  • Nero Splitter
  • Ogg DirectShow Filters[11] - demultiplexes Ogg container
  • tsMuxeR, using the Demux output option
  • MP4Box, command line MP4 multiplexer/demultiplexer with GUIs like My MP4Box

Playback issues

Playback difficulties (such as no playback, no audio, or no video) may result from several or legacy file splitters for a particular file format being installed on an operating system. This causes decoder-to-file-splitter mismatch resulting in playback failure on media players.

See also


External links