Medicine:Enemy complex

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An enemy complex is in modern psychology a mental disorder in which a person falsely believes he or she is surrounded by enemies.[1] Additional disorders of the mind generally accompanied with an enemy complex include paranoia and low-self esteem.[2]

American historian Robert C. Tucker used the phrase in his 1988 book Stalin as Revolutionary to describe the mental state of Soviet dictator Joseph Stalin.[2]


  1. Heads, P.A; Lawton, J. H. (2 February 1983). "Studies on the Natural Enemy Complex of the Holly Leaf-Miner: The Effects of Scale on the Detection of Aggregative Responses and the Implications for Biological Control". Oikos 40 (2): 267. doi:10.2307/3544591. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 Lechtiz, Diane; Potter, Anthony; Dusenbury, Kara (10 July 2015). "Hitler and Stalin: The Roots of Evil" (Video). History Channel. Retrieved 17 June 2016. 

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