Biology:List of sequenced eukaryotic genomes

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Saccharomyces cerevisiae was the first eukaryotic organism to have its complete genome sequence determined.

This list of "sequenced" eukaryotic genomes contains all the eukaryotes known to have publicly available complete nuclear and organelle genome sequences that have been sequenced, assembled, annotated and published; draft genomes are not included, nor are organelle-only sequences.

DNA was first sequenced in 1977. The first free-living organism to have its genome completely sequenced was the bacterium Haemophilus influenzae, in 1995. In 1996 Saccharomyces cerevisiae (baker's yeast) was the first eukaryote genome sequence to be released and in 1998 the first genome sequence for a multicellular eukaryote, Caenorhabditis elegans, was released.


Following are the six earliest sequenced genomes of protists. For a more complete list, see the List of sequenced protist genomes.

Organism Type Relevance Genome size Number of genes predicted Organization Year of completion
Guillardia theta Cryptomonad Model organism 0.551 Mb
(nucleomorph genome only)
465,[1] 513, 598 (UniProt) Canadian Institute of Advanced Research, Philipps-University Marburg and the University of British Columbia 2001[1]
Plasmodium falciparum
Apicomplexan Human pathogen (malaria) 22.9 Mb 5,268[2] Malaria Genome Project Consortium 2002[2]
Plasmodium yoelii yoelii
Apicomplexan Rodent pathogen (malaria) 23.1 Mb 5,878[3] TIGR and NMRC 2002[3]
Cryptosporidium hominis
Apicomplexan Human pathogen 10.4 Mb 3,994[4] Virginia Commonwealth University 2004[4]
Cryptosporidium parvum
C- or genotype 2 isolate
Apicomplexan Human pathogen 16.5 Mb 3,807[5] UCSF and University of Minnesota 2004[5]
Thalassiosira pseudonana
Strain:CCMP 1335
Diatom Model organism 34.5 Mb 11,242[6] Joint Genome Institute and the University of Washington 2004[6]


Following are the five earliest sequenced genomes of plants. For a more complete list, see the List of sequenced plant genomes.

Organism Type Relevance Genome size Number of chromosomes Number of genes predicted Organization Year of completion
Arabidopsis thaliana
Wild mustard Thale Cress Model plant 135 Mb[7] 5 25,498,[8] 27,400,[9] 31,670 (UniProt) Arabidopsis Genome Initiative[10] 2000[8]
Cyanidioschyzon merolae
Red algae Simple eukaryote 16.5 Mb 20 5,331[11] University of Tokyo, Rikkyo University, Saitama University and Kumamoto University 2004[11]
Oryza sativa
ssp indica
Rice Crop and model organism 420 Mb 12 32-50,000[12] Beijing Genomics Institute, Zhejiang University and the Chinese Academy of Sciences 2002[12]
Ostreococcus tauri Green algae Simple eukaryote, small genome 12.6 Mb 7,969 (UniProt) Laboratoire Arago 2006[13]
Populus trichocarpa Balsam poplar or Black Cottonwood Carbon sequestration, model tree, commercial use (timber), and comparison to A. thaliana 550 Mb 19 45,555[14] The International Poplar Genome Consortium 2006[14]


Following are the five earliest sequenced genomes of fungi. For a more complete list, see the List of sequenced fungi genomes.

Organism Type Relevance Genome size Number of genes predicted Organization Year of completion
Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Saccharomycetes Baker's Yeast; Model eukaryote 12.1 Mb 6,294[15] International Collaboration for the Yeast Genome Sequencing[16] 1996[15]
Encephalitozoon cuniculi Microsporidium Human pathogen 2.9 Mb 1,997[17] Genoscope and Université Blaise Pascal 2001[17]
Schizosaccharomyces pombe
Schizosaccharomycetes Model eukaryote 14 Mb 4,824[18] Sanger Institute and Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory 2002[18]
Neurospora crassa Sordariomycetes Model eukaryote 40 Mb 10,082[19] Broad Institute, Oregon Health and Science University, University of Kentucky, and the University of Kansas 2003[19]
Phanerochaete chrysosporium
Strain:RP78 Imagine!
Agaricomycetes Wood rotting fungus, use in mycoremediation 30 Mb 11,777[20] Joint Genome Institute 2004[20]


Following are the five earliest sequenced genomes of animals. For a more complete list, see the List of sequenced animal genomes.

Organism Type Relevance Genome size Number of genes predicted Organization Year of completion
Caenorhabditis elegans
Strain:Bristol N2
Nematode Model animal 100 Mb 19,000[21] Washington University and the Sanger Institute 1998[21]
Drosophila melanogaster Fruit fly Model animal 165 Mb 13,600[22] Celera, UC Berkeley, Baylor College of Medicine, European DGP 2000[22]
Anopheles gambiae
Strain: PEST
Mosquito Vector of malaria 278 Mb 13,683[23] Celera Genomics and Genoscope 2002[23]
Takifugu rubripes Puffer fish Vertebrate with small genome 390 Mb 22–29,000[24] International Fugu Genome Consortium[25] 2002[26]
Homo sapiens Human 3.2 Gb[27] 18,826 (CCDS consortium) Human Genome Project Consortium and Celera Genomics Draft 2001[28][29]
Complete 2006[30]

See also


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