Medicine:Radiation-induced lung injury

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Radiation-induced lung injury
Radiation pneumonitis (4863802675).jpg
Radiation pneumonitis

Radiation-induced lung injury (RILI) is a general term for damage to the lungs as a result of exposure to ionizing radiation.[1] In general terms, such damage is divided into early inflammatory damage (radiation pneumonitis) and later complications of chronic scarring (radiation fibrosis). Pulmonary radiation injury most commonly occurs as a result of radiation therapy administered to treat cancer.[citation needed]

Symptoms and signs

The lungs are a radiosensitive organ, and radiation pneumonitis can occur leading to pulmonary insufficiency and death (100% after exposure to 50 gray of radiation), in a few months. Radiation pneumonitis is characterized by:

Symptoms of radiation pneumonitis include: fever, cough, chest congestion, shortness of breath, chest pain


High resolution CT thorax


“The Canadian Cancer society mentions these things that help to manage radiation,

Your healthcare team may recommend medicines to treat radiation pneumonitis, such as:

decongestants cough suppressants bronchodilators corticosteroids to reduce inflammation oxygen therapy You can also try the following to help manage symptoms:

Rest if you feel short of breath. Drink more fluids and use a cool-air vaporizer or humidifier to keep the air moist. Use an extra pillow to raise your head and upper body while resting or sleeping. Avoid the outdoors on hot, humid days or very cold days (which can irritate the lungs). Wear light, loose-fitting tops and avoid anything tight around the neck, such as ties or shirt collars.“[2]

For more information go to their website, as they have accurate information.“More Info”

See also

  • Radiation poisoning


  1. Marks, Lawrence B.; Yu, Xiaoli; Vujaskovic, Zjelko; Small, William; Folz, Rodney; Anscher, Mitchell S. (July 2003). "Radiation-induced lung injury". Seminars in Radiation Oncology 13 (3): 333–345. doi:10.1016/S1053-4296(03)00034-1. ISSN 1053-4296. PMID 12903021.  – via ScienceDirect (Subscription may be required or content may be available in libraries.)
  2. "Radiation pneumonitis". 

Further reading

External links