Astronomy:V382 Carinae

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V382 Carinae, also known as x Carinae (x Car), is a yellow hypergiant in the constellation Carina. It is a G-type star with a mean apparent magnitude of +3.93, and a variable star of low amplitude.


The radial velocity of V382 Carinae has long been known to be variable, but variations in its brightness were unclear. Brightness variations were detected by some observers, but others found it to be constant.[1] It was formally named as a variable star in 1981, listed in the General Catalogue of Variable Stars as a possible δ Cephei variable.[2][3] It has been described as a pseudo-Cepheid, a supergiant with pulsations similar to a Cepheid but less regular.[4] Analysis of Hipparcos photometry showed clear variation with a maximum range of 0.12 magnitudes and the star was treated as an α Cygni variable. A period of 556 days was suggested, but it is not entirely consistent.[5] It is now generally treated as a semiregular or irregular supergiant.[4][6]


V382 Car is the brightest yellow hypergiant in the night sky, easily visible to the naked eye and brighter than Rho Cassiopeiae although not visible from much of the northern hemisphere. It is 8,900 light years from Earth and around 700 times the radius of the Sun. The large size means that V382 Car is over 300,000 times as luminous as the sun. The low infrared excess suggest that V382 Carinae may be cooling towards a red supergiant phase, less common than yellow hypergiants evolving towards hotter temperatures.[7][8]


  1. Balona, L. A. (1982). "Radial Velocity Observations of Yellow Supergiants". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 201: 105–110. doi:10.1093/mnras/201.1.105. Bibcode1982MNRAS.201..105B. 
  2. Kholopov, P. N.; Samus', N. N.; Kukarkina, N. P.; Medvedeva, G. I.; Perova, N. B. (1981). "65th Name-List of Variable Stars". Information Bulletin on Variable Stars 1921: 1. Bibcode1981IBVS.1921....1K. 
  3. Samus', N. N.; Goranskii, V. P.; Durlevich, O. V.; Zharova, A. V.; Kazarovets, E. V.; Kireeva, N. N.; Pastukhova, E. N.; Williams, D. B. et al. (2003). "An Electronic Version of the Second Volume of the General Catalogue of Variable Stars with Improved Coordinates". Astronomy Letters 29 (7): 468. doi:10.1134/1.1589864. Bibcode2003AstL...29..468S. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 Usenko, I. A.; Klochkova, V. G. (2008). "Polaris B, an optical companion of the Polaris (α UMi) system: Atmospheric parameters, chemical composition, distance and mass". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters 387 (1): L1. doi:10.1111/j.1745-3933.2008.00426.x. Bibcode2008MNRAS.387L...1U. 
  5. Van Leeuwen, F.; Van Genderen, A. M.; Zegelaar, I. (1998). "Hipparcos photometry of 24 variable massive stars (α Cygni variables)". Astronomy and Astrophysics Supplement Series 128: 117–129. doi:10.1051/aas:1998129. Bibcode1998A&AS..128..117V. 
  6. Watson, C. L. (2006). "The International Variable Star Index (VSX)". The Society for Astronomical Sciences 25th Annual Symposium on Telescope Science. Held May 23–25 25: 47. Bibcode2006SASS...25...47W. 
  7. Achmad, L. (1992). "A photometric study of the G0-4 Ia(+) hypergiant HD 96918 (V382 Carinae)". Astronomy and Astrophysics 259: 600–606. Bibcode1992A&A...259..600A. 
  8. Stothers, R. B.; Chin, C. W. (2001). "Yellow Hypergiants as Dynamically Unstable Post–Red Supergiant Stars". The Astrophysical Journal 560 (2): 934. doi:10.1086/322438. Bibcode2001ApJ...560..934S. Carinae was the original source. Read more.