Biology:Branches of botany

From HandWiki
Short description: Subdisciplines of botany

Botany is a natural science concerned with the study of plants.The main branches of botany (also referred to as "plant science") are commonly divided into three groups: core topics, concerned with the study of the fundamental natural phenomena and processes of plant life, the classification and description of plant diversity; applied topics which study the ways in which plants may be used for economic benefit in horticulture, agriculture and forestry; and organismic topics which focus on plant groups such as algae, mosses or flowering plants.

Core topics

Applied topics

  • Agronomy – Application of plant science to crop production
  • Arboriculture – Culture and propagation of trees
  • Astrobotany - The study of plants in space
  • Biotechnology – Use of plants to synthesize products
  • Dendrology – Study of woody plants, shrubs, trees and lianas
  • Economic botany – Study of plants of economic use or value
  • Ethnobotany – Plants and people. Use and selection of plants by humans
  • Forestry – Forest management and related studies
  • Horticulture – cultivation of garden plants
  • Marine botany – Study of aquatic plants and algae that live in seawater
  • Micropropagation – rapid propagation of plants using cell and tissue culture
  • Pharming (genetics) – Genetic engineering of plants to produce pharmaceuticals
  • Plant breeding – Breeding of plants with desirable genetic characters
  • Plant pathology (Phytopathology) – Plant diseases
  • Plant propagation – propagation of plants from seed, bulbs, tubers, cuttings and grafting
  • Pomology – Fruit and nuts
  • Seed technology - Seed technology is the science dealing with the methods of improving physical and genetical characteristics of seed.

Organismal topics


  1. "British Bryological Society". 
  2. Harvey, William Henry. 1849. A Manual of the British Marine Algae... John van Voorst, London


  1. Branches of Botany