Astronomy:List of women astronomers

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Maria Mitchell (1818–1889)
Professor of astronomy at Vassar College

The following is a list of astronomers, astrophysicists and other notable women who have made contributions to the field of astronomy.


A

  • Madge Adam (1912–2001), English solar astronomer
  • Maggie Aderin-Pocock (born 1968), English space scientist
  • Conny Aerts (born 1966), Belgian astrophysicist specializing in asteroseismology
  • Aglaonike (c. 1st or 2nd Century BCE), ancient Greek astronomer and thaumaturge
  • María Luisa Aguilar Hurtado (1938–2015), Peruvian astronomer
  • Eva Ahnert-Rohlfs (1912–1954), German variable star astronomer
  • Elizabeth Alexander (1908–1958), English geologist and physicist
  • Leah Allen (1884–1973), American astronomer and educator
  • Anja Cetti Andersen (born 1965), Danish astronomer focused on cosmic dust
  • Necia H. Apfel (born 1930), American astronomer and educator
  • Alice Archenhold (1874–1943), German astronomer
  • Anne Archibald, Canadian astronomer and educator

B

Jocelyn Bell Burnell
  • Neta Bahcall (born 1942), Israeli astrophysicist and cosmologist specializing in dark matter
  • Odette Bancilhon (1908–1998), French astronomer
  • Amy Barger (born 1971), American galactic astronomer
  • Nadine G. Barlow, American planetary scientist
  • Amy Barr, American planetary geophysicist
  • Maria A. Barucci, Italian astronomer
  • Natalie Batalha (born 1966), American Astronomer
  • Stefi Baum (born 1958), American astronomer and educator
  • Reta Beebe (born 1936), American planetary scientist
  • Jocelyn Bell Burnell (born 1943), Irish radio astronomer
  • Mary Adela Blagg (1858–1944), English selenologist
  • Erika Böhm-Vitense (1923–2017), German-born American stellar astronomer
  • Priscilla Fairfield Bok (1896–1975), American astronomer of galactic astronomy
  • Tabetha S. Boyajian (born c. 1980), American stellar and exoplanetary astronomer
  • Sophia Brahe (c. 1559 to 1643), Danish noble woman
  • Ingeborg Brun (1872–1929), Danish amateur astronomer
  • Margaret Burbidge (1919–2020), British-American observational astronomer and astrophysicist
  • Marta Burgay (born 1976), Italian radio astronomer
  • Mary E. Byrd (1849–1934), American educator and cometary observer

C

Annie Jump Cannon 1922 Portrait
  • Annie Jump Cannon (1863−1941), American astronomer who cataloged stellar spectra
  • Robin M. Canup (born 1968), American planetary scientist
  • Nicole Capitaine (born 1948), French astronomer specializing in astrometry
  • C. Marcella Carollo, Italian astronomer studying galaxy formation and evolution
  • Catherine Cesarsky (born 1943), Argentinian–French astrophysicist
  • Merieme Chadid (born 1969), Moroccan-French astronomer
  • Kyongae Chang (born 1946), South Korean astrophysicist and instructor
  • Princess Charlotte of Saxe-Meiningen (1751–1827), German noble and patron of astronomy
  • Jun Chen, Chinese–American astronomer
  • Lyudmila Chernykh (1935–2017), Russian astronomer
  • Agnes Mary Clerke (1842–1907), Irish astronomer and author
  • Judith Gamora Cohen (born 1946), American astronomer researching galactic astronomy
  • Françoise Combes (born 1952), French astrophysicist and educator
  • Janine Connes (born c. 1934), French astronomer
  • France A. Córdova (born 1947), American astrophysicist and administrator
  • Heather Couper (1949–2020), English astronomer, broadcaster and science populariser
  • Athena Coustenis, Greek planetary scientist
  • Carolin Crawford, English astrophysicist and educator
  • Lucy D’Escoffier Crespo da Silva (1978–2000), Brazilian astronomy student
  • Maria Cunitz (1610–1664), Silesian astronomer and author

D

  • Rosina Dafter (1875–1959), Australian astronomer
  • Laura Danly (born 1958), American astronomer and educator
  • Doris Daou (born 1964), Lebanese-Canada astronomer and educator
  • Marie-Jeanne de Lalande (1768–1832), French astronomer and mathematician
  • Audrey C. Delsanti (born 1976), French astrobiologist
  • Harriet Dinerstein, American astronomer
  • Ewine van Dishoeck (born 1955), Dutch astrochemist
  • Anlaug Amanda Djupvik, Norwegian stellar astronomer
  • Megan Donahue, American astronomer and instructor
  • Vibert Douglas (1894–1988), Canadian astrophysicist
  • Jeanne Dumée (1660–1706), French astronomer and author
  • Jo Dunkley (1979/1980), British cosmologist

E

  • Sara Ellison, Canadian astronomer and instructor studying extragalactic astronomy
  • Rebecca Elson (1960–1999), Canadian–American astronomer and writer

F

Caroline Furness (1918)
  • Sandra Faber (born 1944), American astrophysicist and instructor studying galactic evolution
  • Annette Ferguson, Scottish observational astrophysicist
  • Laura Ferrarese, Italian astronomer studying supermassive black holes
  • Debra Fischer, American astronomer investigating exoplanets
  • Gabrielle Renaudot Flammarion (1877–1962), French astronomer
  • Williamina Fleming (1857–1911), Scottish astronomer
  • Anna Frebel (born 1980), German astronomer
  • Wendy Freedman (born 1957), Canadian-American observational cosmologist
  • Katherine Freese, German theoretical astrophysicist
  • Caroline Furness (1869–1936), American astronomer and teacher

G

  • Catharine Garmany (born 1946), American astronomer and educator
  • Pamela L. Gay (born 1973), American astronomer, educator, and writer
  • Vera Fedorovna Gaze (1899–1954), Russian astronomer who studied emission nebula and minor planets
  • Margaret Geller (born 1947), American astrophysicist studying extragalactic astronomy
  • Andrea M. Ghez (born 1965), American astronomer, teacher, and Nobel prize winner
  • Agnes Giberne (1845–1939), English novelist and scientific writer
  • Nüzhet Gökdoğan (1910–2003), Turkish astronomer, mathematician and academic
  • Andreja Gomboc (born 1969), Slovenian astrophysicist
  • Eva Grebel, German astronomer studying stellar populations and galaxy formation
  • Lucie Green (born c. 1975), English science communicator and solar researcher
  • Jenny Greene (born 1978), American astrophysicist and teacher studying supermassive black holes and galaxies

H

Caroline Herschel (1750–1848)
  • Erika Hamden, American astrophysicist and instructor
  • Heidi Hammel (born 1960), American planetary scientist
  • Fiona A. Harrison, American astrophysicist
  • Marjorie Hall Harrison (1918–1986), English-born American astronomer
  • Lisa Harvey-Smith (born 1979), British-Australian astrophysicist
  • Margaret Harwood (1885–1979), American astronomer
  • Martha P. Haynes (born 1951), American astronomer specialized in radio astronomy and extragalactic astronomy
  • E. Ruth Hedeman (1910–2006), American solar astronomer
  • Mary Lea Heger (1897–1983), American astronomer who studied the interstellar medium
  • Eleanor F. Helin (1932–2009), American astronomer who studied near–Earth asteroids
  • Amanda Hendrix (born 1968), American planetary scientist
  • Caroline Herschel (1750–1848), German astronomer
  • Elisabeth Hevelius (1647–1693), Polish astronomer
  • Jacqueline Hewitt (born 1958), American astrophysicist
  • Catherine Heymans, British astrophysicist and instructor
  • Dorrit Hoffleit (1907–2007), American astronomer
  • Helen Sawyer Hogg (1905–1993), American-Canadian astronomer
  • Ann Hornschemeier, American astronomer studying X-ray astronomy
  • Joan Horvath, American aeronautical engineer and writer
  • Nancy Houk, American astronomer
  • Ingrid van Houten-Groeneveld (1921–2015), Dutch astronomer studying minor planets
  • Margaret Lindsay Huggins (1848–1915), Irish-English scientific investigator and astronomer
  • Hypatia (c. 350–370 to 415), Hellenistic Neoplatonist philosopher, astronomer, and mathematician

I

J

  • Louise Freeland Jenkins (1888–1970), American astronomer of stellar astronomy
  • Carole Jordan (born 1941), English physicist, astrophysicist, astronomer and academic

K

Dorothea Klumpke (1861–1942)
  • Vicky Kalogera, Greek astrophysicist
  • Lyudmila Karachkina (born 1948), Russian astronomer studying astrometry and minor planets
  • Victoria Kaspi (born 1967), American-Canadian astrophysicist and instructor
  • Lisa Kewley (born 1974), Australian astronomer studying galactic evolution
  • Pamela M. Kilmartin, New Zealand astronomer searching for comets and minor planets
  • Maria Margarethe Kirch (1670–1720), German astronomer and calendar maker
  • Margaret G. Kivelson (born 1928), American planetary scientist
  • Dorothea Klumpke (1861–1942), American astronomer
  • Gillian R. Knapp, American astronomer
  • Kirsten Kraiberg Knudsen, Danish astronomer studying galaxies
  • Heather A. Knutson, American astronomer studying exoplanets
  • Gloria Koenigsberger, Mexican astrophysicist and instructor
  • Bärbel Koribalski, German astrophysicist studying galaxy formation and evolution
  • Lenka Kotková (born 1973), Czech astronomer
  • Chryssa Kouveliotou, Greek astrophysicist and instructor
  • Reiki Kushida, Japanese amateur astronomer

L

Henrietta Swan Leavitt (1868–1921)
  • Elizabeth Lada, American astronomer and instructor
  • Marguerite Laugier, French astronomer who discovered minor planets
  • Gemma Lavender (born 1986), British astronomer, author and journalist
  • Henrietta Swan Leavitt (1868–1921), American astronomer who observed variable stars
  • Nicole-Reine Lepaute (1723–1788), French astronomer and mathematician
  • Isabel Martin Lewis (1881–1966), American astronomer and author
  • Helen Lines (died 2001), American amateur astronomer
  • Sarah Lee Lippincott (1920–2019), American astronomer and instructor who focused on astrometry
  • Jane Luu (born 1963), Vietnamese–American astronomer and defense systems engineer

M

  • Amy Mainzer (born 1974), American astronomer specializing in astrophysical instrumentation and infrared astronomy
  • Esmeralda Mallada (born 1937), Uruguayan astronomer and instructor
  • Rachel Mandelbaum, American astronomer
  • Karen Masters (born 1979), American astrophysicist studying galaxy formation and evolution
  • Janet Akyüz Mattei (1943–2004), Turkish-American astronomer studying variable stars
  • Annie Russell Maunder (1868–1947), Irish-British astronomer
  • Antonia Maury (1866–1952), American astronomer studying stellar astronomy
  • Claire Ellen Max (born 1946), American astronomer and instructor
  • Margaret Mayall (1902–1995), American astronomer studying variable stars
  • Jaylee Burley Mead (1929–2012), American astronomer
  • Karen Jean Meech (born 1959), American planetary scientist
  • Maria Mitchell (1818–1889), American astronomer, librarian, naturalist, and educator
  • Linda A. Morabito (born 1953), American planetary scientist
  • Jean Mueller (born 1950), American astronomer

N

  • Sultana N. Nahar, Bangladeshi-American physicist studying atomic processes in astrophysical and laboratory plasmas
  • Joan Najita, American astronomer researching the formation and evolution of stars and planetary systems
  • Yaël Nazé, Belgian astrophysicist studying massive stars and their environmental interaction
  • Heidi Jo Newberg, American astrophysicist studying the Milky Way structure

O

Carolina Ödman-Govender in 2013.
  • Carolina Ödman-Govender, Swiss astrophysicist and lecturer
  • Sally Oey, American astronomer researching massive stars
  • Kathleen Ollerenshaw, (1912–2014), English mathematician, politician, and amateur astronomer
  • C. Michelle Olmstead, American astronomer and computer scientist who has discovered minor planets
  • Liisi Oterma (1915–2001), Finnish astronomer
  • Mazlan Othman, Malaysian astrophysicist
  • Feryal Özel (born 1975), Turkish astrophysicist studying stellar remnants

P

  • Cecilia Payne-Gaposchkin (1900–1979), British-born American astrophysicist and instructor
  • Ruby Payne-Scott (1912–1981), Australian radio astronomer
  • Louise du Pierry (1746–1807), French astronomer and instructor
  • Carle Pieters (born 1943), American planetary scientist
  • Paris Pişmiş (1911–1999), Armenian-Mexican astronomer
  • Elena V. Pitjeva, Russian astronomer studying solar system dynamics and celestial mechanics
  • Carolyn Porco (born 1953), American planetary scientist
  • Helen Dodson Prince (1905–2002), American astronomer and instructor
  • Mary Proctor (1862–1957), American popularizer of astronomy

Q

Elisa Quintana in 2014

R

  • Katharine Reeves, American solar astronomer
  • Emily Rice, American astronomer researching sub-stellar objects including brown dwarfs
  • Christina Richey, American planetary scientist and astrophysicist
  • Julia Riley, English radio astronomer
  • Constance M. Rockosi, American galactic astronomer
  • Elizabeth Roemer (1929–2016), American astronomer who studied minor planets
  • Nancy Roman (1925–2018), American stellar astronomer
  • Marta Graciela Rovira, Argentinian astrophysicist
  • Vera Rubin (1928–2016), American astronomer researching extragalactic astronomy

S

Carolyn S. Shoemaker
  • Penny Sackett (born 1956), American-born Australian astronomer, educator, and manager
  • Rita M. Sambruna, Italian-American astrophysicist studying supermassive black holes and jets
  • Anneila Sargent (born 1942), Scottish–American astronomer specialized in star formation
  • Caterina Scarpellini (1808–1873), Italian astronomer and meteorologist
  • Sara Seager (born 1971), Canadian-American astronomer and planetary scientist
  • Waltraut Seitter (1930–2007), German astronomer and instructor
  • Muriel Mussells Seyfert (1909–1997), American astronomer
  • Pelageya Shajn (1894–1956), Russian astronomer searching for minor planets
  • Aomawa Shields, American astrophysicist and professor researching exoplanets
  • Carolyn S. Shoemaker (born 1929), American astronomer
  • Charlotte Moore Sitterly (1898–1990), American astronomer who studied stellar physics
  • Tamara Mikhaylovna Smirnova (1935–2001), Russian astronomer who searched for minor planets and comets
  • Alicia M. Soderberg (born 1977), American astrophysicist and instructor focused on supernovae
  • Mary Somerville (1780–1872), Scottish scientist, writer, and polymath
  • Linda Spilker, American planetary scientist
  • Denise Stephens, American astronomer and instructor
  • Sarah Stewart-Mukhopadhyay, American planetary scientist
  • Annapurni Subramaniam, director of the Indian Institute of Astrophysics
  • Karlina Leksono Supelli (born 1958), Indonesian philosopher and astronomer
  • Jean Swank, American astrophysicist studying compact objects
  • Henrietta Hill Swope (1902–1980), American astronomer who studied variable stars
  • Paula Szkody (born 1948), American astronomer and instructor specialized in cataclysmic variable stars

T

  • Jill Tarter (born 1944), American astronomer focused on SETI
  • Florence Taylor Hildred (1865–1932), English astronomer and pastor
  • Alenush Terian (1921–2011), Iranian-Armenian astronomer
  • Michelle Thaller (born 1969), American astronomer and educator
  • Jana Tichá (born 1965), Czech astronomer searching for minor planets
  • Beatrice Tinsley (1941–1981), British-born New Zealand astronomer studying galactic evolution
  • Maura Tombelli (born 1952), Italian amateur astronomer
  • Christy A. Tremonti, American astronomer
  • Virginia Louise Trimble (born 1943), American astronomer
  • Lidiya Tseraskaya (1855–1931), Russian astronomer
  • Margaret Turnbull (born 1975), American astronomer and astrobiologist

U

  • Anne Barbara Underhill (1920–2003), Canadian astrophysicist who studied massive stars
  • Meg Urry, American astrophysicist studying supermassive black holes and galaxies

V

  • Bobbie Vaile (1959–1996), Australian astrophysicist and lecturer
  • Zdeňka Vávrová (born 1945), Czech astronomer
  • Julie Vinter Hansen (1890–1960), Danish astronomer
  • Emma Vyssotsky (1894–1975), American astronomer who studied astrometry

W

Sarah Frances Whiting (1847–1927)
  • Lucianne Walkowicz (born 1979), American astronomer
  • Wang Zhenyi (1768–1797), Chinese astronomer, mathematician, and poet
  • Kim Weaver (born 1964), American astrophysicist and instructor focused on X-ray astronomy
  • Alycia J. Weinberger, American astronomer studying planetary formation
  • Mareta West (1915–1998), American astrogeologist
  • Sarah Frances Whiting (1847–1927), American physicist, astronomer, and instructor
  • Mary Watson Whitney (1847–1921), American astronomer and teacher
  • Belinda Wilkes, English astrophysicist
  • Beth Willman, American cosmologist
  • Lee Anne Willson (born 1947), American astronomer
  • Anna Winlock (1857–1904), American astronomer
  • Jennifer Wiseman, American astrophysicist
  • Rosemary Wyse (born 1957), Scottish astrophysicist and instructor
  • Frances Woodworth Wright (1897–1989), American astronomer and educator
  • Gillian Wright, Scottish astronomer

Y

  • Ye Shuhua (born 1927), Chinese astronomer and instructor
  • Anne Sewell Young (1871–1961), American astronomer who studied variable stars
  • Judith Young (1952–2014), American physicist, astronomer, and educator

Z

  • Lyudmila Zhuravlyova (born 1946), Russian-Ukrainian astronomer who discovered minor planets
  • Maria Zuber (born 1958), American planetary scientist

See also