Astronomy:Rogue black hole

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Short description: Interstellar object without a host galactic group
Animated astrometric observations of the gravitational microlensing of MOA-2011-BLG-191/OGLE-2011-BLG-0462[1]

A rogue black hole (also termed a free-floating, interstellar, nomad, orphan, unbound or wandering black hole) is an interstellar object without a host galactic group.[2] They are caused by collisions between two galaxies or when the merging of two black holes is disrupted. It has been estimated that there could be 12 rogue black holes in the Milky Way galaxy.[3]

MOA-2011-BLG-191/OGLE-2011-BLG-0462

In January 2022, a team of astronomers reported the first unambiguous detection and mass measurement of an isolated stellar black hole using the Hubble Space Telescope together with the Microlensing Observations in Astrophysics (MOA) and the Optical Gravitational Lensing Experiment (OGLE).[4][1][5] This black hole is located 5,000 light-years away, has a mass 7.1 times that of the Sun, and moves at about 45 km/s.[6] While there have been other candidates, they have been detected more indirectly.[7]

See also

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Gianopoulos, Andrea (2022-06-07). "Hubble Determines Mass of Isolated Black Hole Roaming Our Milky Way Galaxy". http://www.nasa.gov/feature/goddard/2022/hubble-determines-mass-of-isolated-black-hole-roaming-our-milky-way-galaxy. 
  2. Whitwam, Ryan (2022-02-08). "Rogue Black Hole Observed for the First Time". https://www.extremetech.com/extreme/331414-rogue-black-hole-observed-for-the-first-time. 
  3. "Rogue black holes could be wandering at the edges of the Milky Way" (in en). 2021-08-27. https://www.livescience.com/rogue-black-holes-lurking.html. 
  4. Sahu, Kailash C.; Anderson, Jay; Casertano, Stefano; Bond, Howard E.; Udalski, Andrzej; Dominik, Martin; Calamida, Annalisa; Bellini, Andrea; Brown, Thomas M.; Rejkuba, Marina; Bajaj, Varun; Kains, Noe; Ferguson, Henry C.; Fryer, Chris L.; Yock, Philip; Mróz, Przemek; Kozłowski, Szymon; Pietrukowicz, Paweł; Poleski, Radek; Skowron, Jan; Soszyński, Igor; Szymański, Michał K.; Ulaczyk, Krzysztof; Wyrzykowski, Łukasz; Barry, Richard; Bennett, David P.; Bond, Ian A.; Hirao, Yuki; Ishitani Silva, Stela; Kondo, Iona; Koshimoto, Naoki; Ranc, Clement; Rattenbury, Nicholas J.; Sumi, Takahiro; Suzuki, Daisuke; Tristram, Paul J.; Vandorou, Aikaterini; Beaulieu, Jean-Philippe; Marquette, Jean-Baptiste; Cole, Andrew; Fouque, Pascal; Hill, Kym; Dieters, Stefan; Coutures, Christian; Dominis-Prester, Dijana; Bennett, Clara; Bachelet, Etienne; Menzies, John; Albrow, Michael; Pollard, Karen; Gould, Andrew; Yee, Jennifer; Allen, William; Andrade de Almeida, Leonardo; Christie, Grant; Drummond, John; Gal-Yam, Avishay; Gorbikov, Evgeny; Jablonski, Francisco; Lee, Chung-Uk; Maoz, Dan; Manulis, Ilan; McCormick, Jennie; Natusch, Tim; Pogge, Richard W.; Shvartzvald, Yossi; Jorgensen, Uffe G.; Alsubai, Khalid A.; Andersen, Michael I.; Bozza, Valerio; Calchi Novati, Sebastiano; Burgdorf, Martin; Hinse, Tobias C.; Hundertmark, Markus; Husser, Tim-Oliver; Kerins, Eamonn; Longa-Peña, Penelope; Mancini, Luigi; Penny, Matthew; Rahvar, Sohrab; Ricci, Davide; Sajadian, Sedighe; Skottfelt, Jesper; Snodgrass, Colin; Southworth, John; Tregloan-Reed, Jeremy; Wambsganss, Joachim; Wertz, Olivier; Tsapras, Yiannis; Street, Rachel A.; Bramich, Daniel M.; Horne, Keith; Steele, Iain A. (25 May 2022). "An Isolated Stellar-Mass Black Hole Detected Through Astrometric Microlensing". arXiv:2201.13296 [astro-ph.SR].
  5. Browne, Ed (2022-02-08). "First ever rogue black hole spotted zooming through space at 28 miles per second" (in en). https://www.newsweek.com/first-ever-rogue-isolated-black-hole-spotted-binary-explosion-study-1676325. 
  6. Tomaswick, Andy (2022-02-06). "The First Rogue Black Hole has Been Discovered, and it's Only 5,000 Light-Years Away" (in en-US). https://www.universetoday.com/154420/the-first-rogue-black-hole-has-been-discovered-and-its-only-5000-light-years-away/. 
  7. Bennett, Dave (2000-01-13). "Lone Black Holes Discovered Adrift in the Galaxy" (in en-US). http://hubblesite.org/contents/news-releases/2000/news-2000-03.