Equinox J2000.0]] (ICRS)
|Right ascension||19h 10m 47.5235s|
|Declination||+42° 20′ 19.299″|
|Apparent magnitude (V)||12.51|
|Proper motion (μ)|| RA: −3.976±0.039 mas/yr |
Dec.: −26.959±0.043 mas/yr
|Parallax (π)||3.5103 ± 0.0219 mas|
|Distance||929 ± 6 ly |
(285 ± 2 pc)
|Metallicity [Fe/H]||0.02±0.04 dex|
Kepler-20 is a star 929 light-years from Earth in the constellation Lyra with a system of six known planets. The apparent magnitude of this star is 12.51, so it cannot be seen with the unaided eye. Viewing it requires a telescope with an aperture of 15 cm (6 in) or more. It is slightly smaller than the Sun, with 94% of the Sun's radius and about 91% of the Sun's mass. The effective temperature of the photosphere is slightly cooler than that of the Sun at 5466 K, giving it the characteristic yellow hue of a stellar class G8 star. The abundance of elements other than hydrogen or helium, what astronomers term the metallicity, is approximately the same as in the Sun. It may be older than the Sun, although the margin of error here is relatively large.
On December 20, 2011, the Kepler Space Telescope team reported the discovery of a five-planet system containing three small gas giants and the first two Earth-sized extrasolar planets, Kepler-20e (the first known extrasolar planet smaller than Earth orbiting a main-sequence star) and Kepler-20f, orbiting a Sun-like star. Although the planets are Earth-sized, they are not Earth-like in the respect that they are much closer to their star than Earth, and are hence not near the habitable zone, with expected surface temperatures of 760 °C (1,400 °F) and 427 °C (801 °F), respectively. The three other Neptune-sized planets in the system, Kepler-20b, Kepler-20c, and Kepler-20d, all orbit similarly close to the star. Kepler-20g is a non-transiting Neptunian world.
The masses of e and f are expected masses. Their masses are uncertain as they are too small to detect via radial velocity with current technology.
All planets are at small near resonances; proceeding outwards, they are 3:2, 4:2, 2:1, 4:1. The planetary orbits in current form are highly sensitive to perturbations caused by outer planets, therefore assuming stability, no additional gas giant planets can be located closer than 30 AU from the parent star.
(in order from star)
|0.04537 +0.00054−0.00060||3.6961219||<0.32||—||1.91 R⊕|
|e||0.39–1.67 M⊕||0.0630||6.098493||<0.28||—||0.868 R⊕|
|c||16.1 M⊕||0.0930± 0.0011||10.854092||<0.40||—||3.07 R⊕|
|f||0.66–3.04 M⊕||0.1370||19.57706||<0.32||—||1.034 R⊕|
|d||<20.1 M⊕||0.3453 +0.0041−0.0046||77.61184||<0.60||—||2.75 R⊕|
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Original source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Kepler-20. Read more