Astronomy:IQ Aurigae

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IQ Aurigae
Observation data
Equinox J2000.0]] (ICRS)
Constellation Auriga
Right ascension  05h 19m 00.02850s[1]
Declination +33° 44′ 54.2374″[1]
Apparent magnitude (V) 5.38[2]
Characteristics
Evolutionary stage main sequence[3]
Spectral type A0pSi[4]
U−B color index −0.62[5]
B−V color index −0.167±0.004[2]
Variable type α2 CVn[6]
Astrometry
Radial velocity (Rv)+28.6[7] km/s
Proper motion (μ) RA: +13.557[1] mas/yr
Dec.: −30.086[1] mas/yr
Parallax (π)6.8800 ± 0.1683[1] mas
Distance470 ± 10 ly
(145 ± 4 pc)
Absolute magnitude (MV)–0.42[8]
Details[8]
Mass3.95±0.21 M
Radius2.6±0.4 R
Luminosity263 L
Surface gravity (log g)4.34 ± 0.12 cgs
Temperature14,454 K
Metallicity [Fe/H]1.70[9] dex
Rotation2.4660 days
Rotational velocity (v sin i)49 km/s
Age6.3[3] Myr
Other designations
IQ Aur, BD+33° 1008, HD 34452, HIP 24799, HR 1732, SAO 57884[10]
Database references
SIMBADdata

IQ Aurigae is a (most likely) single,[3] variable star in the northern constellation of Auriga. It is visible to the naked eye as a dim, white-hued star with an apparent visual magnitude that fluctuates around 5.38.[2] The star is located at a distance of about 470 light years from the Sun based on parallax,[1] and is drifting further away with a radial velocity of +28.6 km/s.[7]

This is a magnetic Ap star with a stellar classification of A0pSi.[3] It is known as a silicon star, having a strong line of singly ionized silicon, and may also be helium deficient as the lines of helium are weaker than expected.[9] The star is an Alpha2 Canum Venaticorum-type variable, ranging in magnitude from 5.35 down to 5.43 with a rotationally-modulated period of 2.4660 days.[6] It is an X-ray source with a high luminosity of 4×1029 erg s−1, which may be caused by a combination of shocks in the stellar wind and magnetic reconnection occurring well above the stellar surface. The star has been observed to flare, during which the X-ray emission rose to 3.2×1031 erg s−1.[3]

IQ Aurigae is 6.3[3] million years old and is spinning with a projected rotational velocity of 49 km/s, giving it a rotation period of 2.47 days.[8] It has nearly four times the mass of the Sun and 2.6 times the Sun's radius. The star is radiating 263 times the luminosity of the Sun from its active photosphere at an effective temperature of 14,454 K.[8]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Brown, A. G. A. (August 2018). "Gaia Data Release 2: Summary of the contents and survey properties". Astronomy & Astrophysics 616: A1. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201833051. Bibcode2018A&A...616A...1G.  Gaia DR2 record for this source at VizieR.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Anderson, E.; Francis, Ch. (2012), "XHIP: An extended hipparcos compilation", Astronomy Letters 38 (5): 331, doi:10.1134/S1063773712050015, Bibcode2012AstL...38..331A. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 Robrade, J.; Schmitt, J. H. M. M. (July 2011), "New X-ray observations of IQ Aurigae and α2 Canum Venaticorum. Probing the magnetically channeled wind shock model in A0p stars", Astronomy & Astrophysics 531: 11, doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201116843, A58, Bibcode2011A&A...531A..58R. 
  4. Cowley, A. et al. (April 1969), "A study of the bright A stars. I. A catalogue of spectral classifications", Astronomical Journal 74: 375–406, doi:10.1086/110819, Bibcode1969AJ.....74..375C. 
  5. Mermilliod, J.-C. (1986), "Compilation of Eggen's UBV data, transformed to UBV (unpublished)", Catalogue of Eggen's UBV Data. SIMBAD, Bibcode1986EgUBV........0M. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 Samus', N. N et al. (2017), "General catalogue of variable stars: Version GCVS 5.1", Astronomy Reports 61 (1): 80, doi:10.1134/S1063772917010085, Bibcode2017ARep...61...80S. 
  7. 7.0 7.1 Gontcharov, G. A. (November 2006), "Pulkovo Compilation of Radial Velocities for 35 495 Hipparcos stars in a common system", Astronomy Letters 32 (11): 759–771, doi:10.1134/S1063773706110065, Bibcode2006AstL...32..759G. 
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 North, P. (June 1998), "Do SI stars undergo any rotational braking?", Astronomy and Astrophysics 334: 181–187, Bibcode1998A&A...334..181N. 
  9. 9.0 9.1 Tomley, L. J. et al. (December 1970), "A spectroscopic analysis of the silicon star HD 34452.", Astronomy and Astrophysics 9: 380–391, Bibcode1970A&A.....9..380T. 
  10. "IQ Aur". SIMBAD. Centre de données astronomiques de Strasbourg. http://simbad.u-strasbg.fr/simbad/sim-basic?Ident=IQ+Aur. 

External links