Engineering:List of Zenit launches

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This is a list of launches made by the Zenit rocket. All launches were conducted from either Site 45 of the Baikonur Cosmodrome or from Sea Launch's Ocean Odyssey offshore launch platform.

Launch statistics

Rockets from the Zenit family have accumulated 84 launches since 1985, 71 of which were successful, yielding a 84.5% success rate.

Rocket configuration

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Launch sites

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Launch outcomes

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Launch history

1985–1989

Flight No. Date / time (UTC) Rocket,
Configuration
Launch site Payload Payload mass Orbit Customer Launch
outcome
1 13 April 1985
10:00
Zenit-2 Baikonur 45/1 EPN 03.0694 #1 (Tselina-2 mass simulator) Low Earth (planned) Failure
Test flight; Second stage engine failure at T+400 seconds due to flow regulator leak
2 21 June 1985
08:29
Zenit-2 Baikonur 45/1 EPN 03.0694 #2 (Tselina-2 mass simulator) Low Earth (planned) Failure
Test flight; Second stage vernier engines exploded due to clogged oxidizer inlet valve
3 22 October 1985
07:00
Zenit-2 Baikonur 45/1 Kosmos 1697 (EPN 03.0694 #3) (Tselina-2 mass simulator) Low Earth Success
Test flight
4 28 December 1985
09:16
Zenit-2 Baikonur 45/1 Kosmos 1714 (Tselina-2) Low Earth Partial failure
ELINT; Fairing separation mechanism failure; spacecraft deployed into unusable orbit
5 30 July 1986
08:30
Zenit-2 Baikonur 45/1 Kosmos 1767 (EPN 03.0695 #1) (Mass simulator) Low Earth Success
Test flight; Test flight of Zenit-2 rocket with maximum payload
6 22 October 1986
08:00
Zenit-2 Baikonur 45/1 Kosmos 1786 (Taifun-1B) Low Earth Success
Radar calibration
7 14 February 1987
08:30
Zenit-2 Baikonur 45/1 Kosmos 1820 (EPN 03.0695 #2) (Mass simulator) Low Earth Success
Test flight; Test flight of Zenit-2 rocket with maximum payload
8 18 March 1987
08:30
Zenit-2 Baikonur 45/1 Kosmos 1833 (EPN 03.0694 #4) (Tselina-2 mass simulator) Low Earth Success
Test flight
9 13 May 1987
05:40
Zenit-2 Baikonur 45/1 Kosmos 1844 (Tselina-2) Low Earth Success
ELINT
10 1 August 1987
03:59
Zenit-2 Baikonur 45/1 Kosmos 1871 (EPN 03.0695 #3) (Mass simulator) Low Earth Success
Test flight; Test flight of Zenit-2 rocket with maximum payload
11 28 August 1987
08:20
Zenit-2 Baikonur 45/1 Kosmos 1873 (EPN 03.0695 #4) (Mass simulator) Low Earth Success
Test flight; Test flight of Zenit-2 rocket with maximum payload
12 15 May 1988
09:20
Zenit-2 Baikonur 45/1 Kosmos 1943 (Tselina-2) Low Earth Success
ELINT
13 23 November 1988
14:50
Zenit-2 Baikonur 45/1 Kosmos 1980 (Tselina-2) Low Earth Success
ELINT

1990–1994

Flight No. Date / time (UTC) Rocket,
Configuration
Launch site Payload Payload mass Orbit Customer Launch
outcome
14 22 May 1990
05:14
Zenit-2 Baikonur 45/2 Kosmos 2082 (Tselina-2) Low Earth Success
ELINT
15 4 October 1990
03:28
Zenit-2 Baikonur 45/2 Tselina-2 Low Earth (intended) Failure
ELINT; First stage engine failure at T+3 seconds; rocket fell back on pad and exploded. Pad 45/2 never restored to flight status.
16 30 August 1991
08:58
Zenit-2 Baikonur 45/1 Tselina-2 Low Earth (intended) Failure
ELINT; Second stage failure
17 5 February 1992
18:14
Zenit-2 Baikonur 45/1 Tselina-2 Low Earth (intended) Failure
ELINT; Second stage failure
18 17 November 1992
07:47
Zenit-2 Baikonur 45/1 Kosmos 2219 (Tselina-2) Low Earth Success
ELINT
19 25 December 1992
05:56
Zenit-2 Baikonur 45/1 Kosmos 2227 (Tselina-2) Low Earth Success
ELINT
20 26 March 1993
02:21
Zenit-2 Baikonur 45/1 Kosmos 2237 (Tselina-2) Low Earth Success
ELINT
21 16 September 1993
07:36
Zenit-2 Baikonur 45/1 Kosmos 2263 (Tselina-2) Low Earth Success
ELINT
22 23 April 1994
08:02
Zenit-2 Baikonur 45/1 Kosmos 2278 (Tselina-2) Low Earth Success
ELINT
23 26 August 1994
12:00
Zenit-2 Baikonur 45/1 Kosmos 2290 (Orlets-2) Low Earth Success
Optical Reconnaissance
24 4 November 1994
05:47
Zenit-2 Baikonur 45/1 Resurs-O1 No.3 Low Earth (SSO) Roshydromet Success
Earth Observation
25 24 November 1994
09:16
Zenit-2 Baikonur 45/1 Kosmos 2297 (Tselina-2) Low Earth Success
ELINT

1995–1999

Flight No. Date / time (UTC) Rocket,
Configuration
Launch site Payload Payload mass Orbit Customer Launch
outcome
26 31 October 1995
20:19
Zenit-2 Baikonur 45/1 Kosmos 2322 (Tselina-2) Low Earth Success
ELINT
27 4 September 1996
09:01
Zenit-2 Baikonur 45/1 Kosmos 2333 (Tselina-2) Low Earth Success
ELINT
28 20 May 1997
07:07
Zenit-2 Baikonur 45/1 Tselina-2 Low Earth (intended) Failure
ELINT; First stage engine failure at T+48 seconds following pitch deviation.
29 10 July 1998
06:30
Zenit-2 Baikonur 45/1 Resurs-O1 No.4
TMSat
Techsat 1B
FASat Bravo
Safir 2
OHB-System
WESTPAC-1
Low Earth (SSO) Roshydromet
Mahanakorn
Chilean Air Force
Success
Communication; Earth Observation; Technology; Geodesy
30 28 July 1998
09:15
Zenit-2 Baikonur 45/1 Kosmos 2360 (Tselina-2) Low Earth Success
ELINT
31 9 September 1998
20:29
Zenit-2 Baikonur 45/1 Globalstar 5
Globalstar 7
Globalstar 9
Globalstar 10
Globalstar 11
Globalstar 12
Globalstar 13
Globalstar 16
Globalstar 17
Globalstar 18
Globalstar 20
Globalstar 21
Low Earth (intended) Globalstar Failure
Communication; Guidance system failure at T+272 seconds caused shutdown of 2nd stage engine.
32 28 March 1999
01:30
Zenit-3SL Ocean Odyssey DemoSat Geostationary transfer Success
Test flight; Maiden launch mission of Sea Launch
33 17 July 1999
05:38
Zenit-2 Baikonur 45/1 Okean-O No.1 Low Earth (SSO) NKAU/RKA Success
Earth Observation
34 10 October 1999
03:28
Zenit-3SL Ocean Odyssey DirecTV-1R Geostationary transfer DirecTV Success
Communication; First operational launch mission of Sea Launch

2000–2004

Flight No. Date / time (UTC) Rocket,
Configuration
Launch site Payload Payload mass Orbit Customer Launch
outcome
35 3 February 2000
09:26
Zenit-2 Baikonur 45/1 Kosmos 2369 (Tselina-2) Low Earth Success
ELINT
36 12 March 2000
14:49
Zenit-3SL Ocean Odyssey ICO F-1 Medium Earth (intended) ICO Failure
Communication; Commercial launch conducted by Sea Launch. Second stage propellant pressurization system failed shortly after ignition due to a software valve command mistake.
37 28 July 2000
22:42
Zenit-3SL Ocean Odyssey PAS-9 Geostationary transfer PanAmSat Success
Communication; Commercial launch conducted by Sea Launch
38 25 September 2000
10:10
Zenit-2 Baikonur 45/1 Kosmos 2372 (Orlets-2) Low Earth Success
Optical Reconnaissance
39 21 October 2000
05:52
Zenit-3SL Ocean Odyssey Thuraya 1 Geostationary transfer Thuraya Success
Communication; Commercial launch conducted by Sea Launch
40 18 March 2001
22:33
Zenit-3SL Ocean Odyssey XM-2 (XM Rock) Geostationary transfer XM Satellite Radio Success
Communication; Commercial launch conducted by Sea Launch
41 8 May 2001
22:10
Zenit-3SL Ocean Odyssey XM-1 (XM Roll) Geostationary transfer XM Satellite Radio Success
Communication; Commercial launch conducted by Sea Launch
42 10 December 2001
17:18
Zenit-2 Baikonur 45/1 Meteor-3M No.1
Kompass 1
Badr B
MAROC-TUBSAT
REFLECTOR
Low Earth (SSO) Roscosmos
IZMIRAN
SUPARCO

AFRL
Success
Meteorology; Earth Sciences; Technology; Laser Calibration
43 15 June 2002
22:39
Zenit-3SL Ocean Odyssey Galaxy 3C Geostationary transfer PanAmSat Success
Communication; Commercial launch conducted by Sea Launch
44 10 June 2003
13:56
Zenit-3SL Ocean Odyssey Thuraya 2 Geostationary transfer Thuraya Success
Communication; Commercial launch conducted by Sea Launch
45 8 August 2003
03:30
Zenit-3SL Ocean Odyssey EchoStar IX Geostationary transfer EchoStar Success
Communication; Commercial launch conducted by Sea Launch
46 1 October 2003
04:03
Zenit-3SL Ocean Odyssey Galaxy 13/Horizons 1 Geostationary transfer PanAmSat Success
Communication; Commercial launch conducted by Sea Launch
47 11 January 2004
04:13
Zenit-3SL Ocean Odyssey Telstar 14 Geostationary transfer Telesat Success
Communication; Commercial launch conducted by Sea Launch
48 4 May 2004
12:42
Zenit-3SL Ocean Odyssey DirecTV-7S Geostationary transfer DirecTV Success
Communication; Commercial launch conducted by Sea Launch
49 10 June 2004
01:28
Zenit-2 Baikonur 45/1 Kosmos 2406 (Tselina-2) Low Earth Success
ELINT
50 29 June 2004
03:59
Zenit-3SL Ocean Odyssey APSTAR-V/Telstar 18 Geostationary transfer APT/Telesat Partial failure
Communication; Commercial launch conducted by Sea Launch. Block-DM upper stage shutdown 54 seconds early due to electrical short circuit that disrupted data from fuel sensors. Satellite able to transfer to operational orbit by itself.

2005–2009

Flight No. Date / time (UTC) Rocket,
Configuration
Launch site Payload Payload mass Orbit Customer Launch
outcome
51 1 March 2005
03:51
Zenit-3SL Ocean Odyssey XM-3 (XM Rhythm) Geostationary transfer XM Satellite Radio Success
Communication; Commercial launch conducted by Sea Launch
52 26 April 2005
07:31
Zenit-3SL Ocean Odyssey Spaceway 1 Geostationary transfer DirecTV Success
Communication; Commercial launch conducted by Sea Launch
53 23 June 2005
14:03
Zenit-3SL Ocean Odyssey Intelsat Americas 8 Geostationary transfer Intelsat Success
Communication; Commercial launch conducted by Sea Launch
54 8 November 2005
14:07
Zenit-3SL Ocean Odyssey Inmarsat-4 F2 Geostationary transfer Inmarsat Success
Communication; Commercial launch conducted by Sea Launch
55 15 February 2006
23:34
Zenit-3SL Ocean Odyssey EchoStar X Geostationary transfer EchoStar Success
Communication; Commercial launch conducted by Sea Launch
56 12 April 2006
23:30
Zenit-3SL Ocean Odyssey JCSat 9 Geostationary transfer JSAT Corporation Success
Communication; Commercial launch conducted by Sea Launch
57 18 June 2006
07:50
Zenit-3SL Ocean Odyssey Galaxy 16 Geostationary transfer PanAmSat Success
Communication; Commercial launch conducted by Sea Launch
58 22 August 2006
03:27
Zenit-3SL Ocean Odyssey Koreasat 5 Geostationary transfer KT Corporation Success
Communication; Commercial launch conducted by Sea Launch
59 30 October 2006
23:49
Zenit-3SL Ocean Odyssey XM-4 (XM Blues) Geostationary transfer XM Satellite Radio Success
Communication; Commercial launch conducted by Sea Launch
60 30 January 2007
23:22
Zenit-3SL Ocean Odyssey NSS-8 Geostationary transfer (intended) SES New Skies Failure
Communication; Commercial launch conducted by Sea Launch. First stage engine failure at T+3.9 seconds due to foreign object in turbopump; rocket fell back through the pad and exploded. Launch platform suffers moderate damage and the flame deflector was destroyed.
61 29 June 2007
10:00
Zenit-2M Baikonur 45/1 Kosmos 2428 (Tselina-2) Low Earth Success
ELINT; First Zenit-2M launch.
62 15 January 2008
11:49
Zenit-3SL Ocean Odyssey Thuraya 3 Geostationary transfer Thuraya Success
Communication; Commercial launch conducted by Sea Launch
63 19 March 2008
22:48
Zenit-3SL Ocean Odyssey DirecTV-11 Geostationary transfer DirecTV Success
Communication; Commercial launch conducted by Sea Launch
64 28 April 2008
05:00
Zenit-3SLB Baikonur 45/1 Amos-3 Geostationary Spacecom Success
Communication; First Zenit-3SLB launch and first commercial launch for Land Launch. Spacecraft separation orbit reported to be slightly off target but still within planned range.
65 21 May 2008
09:44
Zenit-3SL Ocean Odyssey Galaxy 18 Geostationary transfer Intelsat Success
Communication; Commercial launch conducted by Sea Launch
66 16 July 2008
05:21
Zenit-3SL Ocean Odyssey EchoStar XI Geostationary transfer EchoStar Success
Communication; Commercial launch conducted by Sea Launch
67 24 September 2008
09:28
Zenit-3SL Ocean Odyssey Galaxy 19 Geostationary transfer Intelsat Success
Communication; Commercial launch conducted by Sea Launch
68 26 February 2009
18:29
Zenit-3SLB Baikonur 45/1 Telstar 11N Geostationary transfer Telesat Success
Communication; Commercial launch conducted by Land Launch
69 20 April 2009
08:16
Zenit-3SL Ocean Odyssey SICRAL 1B Geostationary transfer MDD Success
Communications; Commercial launch conducted by Sea Launch
70 21 June 2009
21:50
Zenit-3SLB Baikonur 45/1 MEASAT-3a Geostationary transfer MEASAT Success
Communication; Commercial launch conducted by Land Launch
71 30 November 2009
21:00
Zenit-3SLB Baikonur 45/1 Intelsat 15 Geostationary transfer Intelsat Success
Communication; Commercial launch conducted by Land Launch

2010–2014

Flight No. Date / time (UTC) Rocket,
Configuration
Launch site Payload Payload mass Orbit Customer Launch
outcome
72 20 January 2011
12:29
Zenit-3F Baikonur 45/1 Elektro-L No.1 Geostationary Roscosmos Success
Meteorology; Maiden flight of the Zenit-3F
73 18 July 2011
02:31
Zenit-3F Baikonur 45/1 Spektr-R High Earth Roscosmos Success
Radio astronomy
74 24 September 2011
20:18
Zenit-3SL Ocean Odyssey Atlantic Bird 7 Geostationary transfer Eutelsat Success
Communication; Commercial launch conducted by Sea Launch (first mission since company reorganization)
75 5 October 2011
21:00
Zenit-3SLB Baikonur 45/1 Intelsat 18 Geostationary transfer Intelsat Success
Communication; Commercial launch conducted by Land Launch
76 8 November 2011
20:16
Zenit-2M (Zenit-2FG) Baikonur 45/1 Fobos-Grunt Low Earth Roscosmos Success
Phobos lander/sample return; Spacecraft failed shortly after launch before leaving Low Earth orbit. Spacecraft also carries the Yinghuo 1 Mars orbiter.
77 1 June 2012
05:23
Zenit-3SL Ocean Odyssey Intelsat 19 Geostationary transfer Intelsat Success
Communication; Commercial launch conducted by Sea Launch
78 19 August 2012
06:55
Zenit-3SL Ocean Odyssey Intelsat 21 Geostationary transfer Intelsat Success
Communication; Commercial launch conducted by Sea Launch
79 3 December 2012
20:44
Zenit-3SL Ocean Odyssey Eutelsat 70B Geostationary transfer Eutelsat Success
Communication; Commercial launch conducted by Sea Launch
80 1 February 2013
06:56
Zenit-3SL Ocean Odyssey Intelsat 27 Geostationary transfer (intended) Intelsat Failure
Communication; Commercial launch conducted by Sea Launch. Rocket lost attitude control at T+4.5 seconds due to first stage engine steering hydraulic pump failure; engine cut-off at T+20 seconds and rocket impacted ocean at T+56 seconds.
81 31 August 2013
20:05
Zenit-3SLB Baikonur 45/1 Amos-4 Geostationary transfer Spacecom Success
Communication; Commercial launch conducted by Land Launch
82 26 May 2014
21:10
Zenit-3SL Ocean Odyssey Eutelsat 3B Geostationary transfer Eutelsat Success
Communication; Commercial launch conducted by Sea Launch

2015–2019

Flight No. Date / time (UTC) Rocket,
Configuration
Launch site Payload Payload mass Orbit Customer Launch
outcome
83 11 December 2015
13:45
Zenit-3F Baikonur 45/1 Elektro-L No.2 Geostationary Roscosmos Success
Meteorology
84 26 December 2017
19:00
Zenit-3F Baikonur 45/1 AngoSat 1 Geostationary Angosat Success
Communication; First satellite of Angola

References