Engineering:List of Space Launch System launches

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Configurations of the Space Launch System – Block 1 with the ICPS, Block 1B with the EUS, and Block 2 with upgraded boosters and larger payload fairing

As of 2019, four flights of the Space Launch System (SLS) – a Shuttle-derived, super heavy-lift expendable launch vehicle – are planned for the 2020s. The current launch manifest includes three flights in support of the Artemis program, a human spaceflight project aimed at establishing a permanent human presence on the Moon, and the launch of the Europa Clipper to Jupiter. The flights will launch from the vehicle's dedicated pad at Kennedy Space Center's Launch Complex 39B, and will use either its Block 1 configuration with a modified Delta Cryogenic Second Stage known as the Interim Cryogenic Propulsion Stage (ICPS), or its Block 1B configuration with the Exploration Upper Stage (EUS).

Future launches

Template:SLS launches/future

Proposed launches

A proposed Europa Lander would launch aboard an SLS vehicle

In early 2019, then-Associate Administrator for Human Exploration William H. Gerstenmaier drafted a proposal for five more launches of SLS Block 1B launch vehicles between 2024 and 2028 in support of the Artemis program. These include four crewed launches of the Orion spacecraft.[1][2] In 2012, Skylab II was proposed by an engineer working with NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center. It would use the EUS hydrogen tank to build a 21st-century version of Skylab.[3][4][5] The SLS has been proposed as the launch vehicle for the future Large UV Optical Infrared Surveyor (LUVOIR) space telescope, which will have a main segmented mirror between 8 and 16 meters in diameter,[6] making it 300 times more powerful than Hubble Space Telescope.[7] It would be deployed at the Earth-Sun L2 point[6][8] in 2035.[9] Proposals by Bigelow Aerospace, Boeing, Lockheed Martin, Orbital ATK, Sierra Nevada Corporation, Space Systems Loral, and NanoRacks to build the Deep Space Habitat – a spacecraft with a large enough living space for humans to travel to destinations such as Mars, near Earth asteroids, or cislunar space – all envisioned a launch aboard an SLS vehicle.[10]

The proposed Europa Lander, which had formerly been a part of the Europa Clipper mission, is now proposed to be launched aboard an SLS in the mid-2020s.[11] The joint NASA-ESA Titan Saturn System Mission proposal envisioned the SLS as an option for launch.[12][13] The SLS has also been proposed by Boeing as a launch vehicle for a Uranus probe concept developed by NASA. The rocket would "deliver a small payload into orbit around Uranus and a shallow probe into the planet's atmosphere." The mission would study the Uranian atmosphere, magnetic and thermal characteristics, gravitational harmonics, as well as do flybys of Uranian moons.[8][14] In addition, a 2017 study suggested that a single SLS Block 1B launch vehicle could launch two spacecraft, one to each ice giant, with launch dates suggested from 2024 to 2037 followed by a four-year transit time.[15]

See also

References

Notes

Citations

  1. Berger, Eric (20 May 2019). "NASA's full Artemis plan revealed: 37 launches and a lunar outpost". Archived from the original on 23 May 2019. https://web.archive.org/web/20190523032200/https://arstechnica.com/science/2019/05/nasas-full-artemis-plan-revealed-37-launches-and-a-lunar-outpost/. Retrieved 23 May 2019. "[Illustration] NASA's "notional" plan for a human return to the Moon by 2024, and an outpost by 2028." 
  2. Foust, Jeff (24 May 2019). "NASA Has a Full Plate of Lunar Missions Before Astronauts Can Return to Moon". Archived from the original on 25 May 2019. https://web.archive.org/web/20190525032714/https://www.space.com/nasa-moon-missions-before-2024.html. Retrieved 25 May 2019. "[Illustration] A NASA infographic shows the proposed timeline for landing astronauts on the moon in 2024 and building a sustained human presence on the lunar surface and in orbit by 2028. [...] After Artemis 3, NASA would launch four additional crewed missions to the lunar surface between 2025 and 2028." 
  3. Markus Hammonds (April 14, 2013). "Skylab II:Living Beyond the Dark Side of the Moon". Discovery. http://news.discovery.com/space/private-spaceflight/skylab-ii-living-beyond-the-dark-side-of-the-moon-130414.htm. 
  4. "Deep Space Habitat module concepts outlined for BEO exploration". http://www.nasaspaceflight.com/2012/03/dsh-module-concepts-outlined-beo-exploration/. Retrieved 2017-03-30. 
  5. Frank Morring, Jr. (October 22, 2012). "NASA Deep-Space Program Gaining Focus". Aviation Week & Space Technology. http://www.aviationweek.com/Article.aspx?id=/article-xml/AW_10_22_2012_p34-507657.xml. Retrieved 2017-03-30. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 SLS Launched Missions Concept Studies for LUVOIR Mission. SPIE Optics + Photonics 2015; Aug 9-13, 2015; San Diego, CA; United States. UV/Optical/IR Space Telescopes and Instruments: Innovative Technologies and Concepts VII; Aug 9-10, 2015; San Diego, CA; United States. August 9, 2015.
  7. The Space Launch System—the most powerful rocket ever built. Universe Today, published by PhysOrg. July 31, 2017.
  8. 8.0 8.1 Chris Gebhardt (November 20, 2013). "New SLS mission options explored via new Large Upper Stage". NASASpaceFlight. http://www.nasaspaceflight.com/2013/11/new-sls-options-new-large-upper-stage. 
  9. Scoles, Sarah (March 30, 2016). "NASA Considers Its Next Flagship Space Telescope". Scientific American. https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/nasa-considers-its-next-flagship-space-telescope/. Retrieved August 15, 2017. 
  10. Boeing's deep space habitat could be home for Mars astronauts. Mariella Moon, engadget. April 4, 2017.
  11. JPL moves ahead with Mars and Europa missions despite funding uncertainty. Jeff Foust. July 18, 2017.
  12. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on March 7, 2016. https://web.archive.org/web/20160307231643/https://www.nasa.gov/sites/default/files/files/Creech_SLS_Deep_Space.pdf. Retrieved 2016-01-15. 
  13. NASA's Space Launch System: A Capability for Deep Space Exploration. (PDF) Stephen Creech, Space Launch System (SLS) Program.
  14. "Space Launch System Exploration, Science, Security" (PDF). Archived from the original on September 23, 2015. https://web.archive.org/web/20150923193950/http://www.boeing.com/assets/pdf/defense-space/space/sls/docs/sls_mission_booklet_jan_2014.pdf. Retrieved 2017-03-30. 
  15. Ice Giants - Pre-decadal Survey. NASA. 2017.

External links