Chemistry:Cyanoacetylene

From HandWiki
Cyanoacetylene[1]
Cyanoacetylene.png
Cyanoacetylene-3D-vdW.png
Names
Preferred IUPAC name
Prop-2-ynenitrile
Other names
Propiolonitrile
Cyanoethyne
Monocyanoacetylene
2-Propynenitrile
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChemSpider
UNII
Properties
C3HN
Molar mass 51.048 g·mol−1
Melting point 5 °C (41 °F; 278 K)
Boiling point 42.5 °C (108.5 °F; 315.6 K)
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

Cyanoacetylene is an organic compound with formula C3HN or H−C≡C−C≡N. It is the simplest cyanopolyyne. Cyanoacetylene has been detected by spectroscopic methods in interstellar clouds,[2] in the coma of comet Hale–Bopp and in the atmosphere of Saturn's moon Titan,[3] where it sometimes forms expansive fog-like clouds.[4]

Cyanoacetylene is one of the molecules that was produced in the Miller–Urey experiment.[5]

H−C≡C−H + H−C≡N → H−C≡C−C≡N + H2

See also

References

  1. Murahashi, Shunsuke; Takizawa, Takeo; Kurioka, Shohei; Maekawa, Seiji (1956). "Cyanoacetylene. I. The synthesis and some chemical properties". Nippon Kagaku Zasshi 77 (11): 1689–1692. doi:10.1246/nikkashi1948.77.1689. 
  2. Solomon, Philip M. (1973). "Interstellar molecules". Physics Today 26 (3): 32–40. doi:10.1063/1.3127983. Bibcode1973PhT....26c..32S. 
  3. H. B. Niemann (2005). "The abundances of constituents of Titan's atmosphere from the GCMS instrument on the Huygens probe". Nature 438 (7069): 779–784. doi:10.1038/nature04122. PMID 16319830. Bibcode2005Natur.438..779N. https://deepblue.lib.umich.edu/bitstream/2027.42/62703/1/nature04122.pdf. 
  4. de Lazaro, Enrico (November 11, 2015). "Cassini Detects Giant Cloud of Frozen Compounds on Saturn's Moon Titan". Sci News. http://www.sci-news.com/space/science-cassini-ice-cloud-saturns-moon-titan-03427.html. 
  5. Ehrenfreund, P.; Irvine, W.; Becker, L.; Blank, J.; Brucato, J. R.; Colangeli, L.; Derenne, S.; Despois, D. et al. (2002). "Astrophysical and Astrochemical Insights into the Origin of Life". Reports on Progress in Physics 65 (10): 1427–1487. doi:10.1088/0034-4885/65/10/202. Bibcode2002RPPh...65.1427E. https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1406361/.