beta-MSH, β-melanotropin, β-melanocortin, β-intermedin
3D model (JSmol)
|Molar mass||2660.91596 g/mol|
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
β-Melanocyte-stimulating hormone (β-MSH) is an endogenous peptide hormone and neuropeptide. It is a melanocortin, specifically, one of the three types of melanocyte-stimulating hormone (MSH), and is produced from proopiomelanocortin (POMC). It is an agonist of the MC1, MC3, MC4, and MC5 receptors.
B-melanocyte-stimulating hormone is artificially generated because it does not exist in humans naturally.
β-MSH is also to decrease food intake in animals such as rats, chicken due to the effect of proopiomelanocortin (POMC). Research was performed to see the effect β-MSH has on chicks, and it has been found that chicks responded with a decrease in food and water intake when treated with β-MSH. The experiment showed that β-MSH causes anorexigenic effects in chicks.
- α-Melanocyte-stimulating hormone
- γ-Melanocyte-stimulating hormone
- Adrenocorticotropic hormone
- Abba Kastin (26 January 2013). Handbook of Biologically Active Peptides. Academic Press. pp. 838–844. ISBN 978-0-12-385096-6. https://books.google.com/books?id=Xz4yFpdSRrwC&pg=PA838.
- Bertagna, X; Lenne, F; Comar, D; Massias, J F; Wajcman, H; Baudin, V; Luton, J P; Girard, F (December 1986). "Human beta-melanocyte-stimulating hormone revisited.". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 83 (24): 9719–9723. doi:10.1073/pnas.83.24.9719. ISSN 0027-8424. PMID 2432601. Bibcode: 1986PNAS...83.9719B.
- Kamisoyama, Hiroshi; Honda, Kazuhisa; Saneyasu, Takaoki; Sugahara, Kunio; Hasegawa, Shin (2009-07-24). "Corticotropin-releasing factor is a downstream mediator of the beta-melanocyte-stimulating hormone-induced anorexigenic pathway in chicks". Neuroscience Letters 458 (3): 102–105. doi:10.1016/j.neulet.2009.04.041. ISSN 0304-3940. PMID 19393716.
- Smith, M. L.; Prall, B.; Nandar, W.; Cline, M. A. (February 2008). "Beta-melanocyte-stimulating hormone potently reduces appetite via the hypothalamus in chicks". Journal of Neuroendocrinology 20 (2): 220–226. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2826.2007.01639.x. ISSN 1365-2826. PMID 18088360.
Original source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beta-Melanocyte-stimulating hormone. Read more