Physics:Timeline of fundamental physics discoveries

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This timeline lists significant discoveries in physics and the laws of nature, including experimental discoveries, theoretical proposals that were confirmed experimentally, and theories that have significantly influenced current thinking in modern physics. Such discoveries are often a multi-step, multi-person process. Multiple discovery sometimes occurs when multiple research groups discover the same phenomenon at about the same time, and scientific priority is often disputed. The listings below include some of the most significant people and ideas by date of publication or experiment.


16th century

17th century

18th century

19th century

20th century

21st century

See also


  1. American Heritage Dictionary (January 2005). The American Heritage Science Dictionary. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. p. 428. ISBN 978-0-618-45504-1. 
  2. John L. Heilbron (14 February 2003). The Oxford Companion to the History of Modern Science. Oxford University Press. p. 235. ISBN 978-0-19-974376-6. 
  3. Rafelski, Johann (2020). "Discovery of Quark-Gluon Plasma: Strangeness Diaries" (in en). The European Physical Journal Special Topics 229 (1): 1–140. doi:10.1140/epjst/e2019-900263-x. ISSN 1951-6355. 
  4. "New State of Matter created at CERN" (in en). 
  5. CMS collaboration (2012). "Observation of a new boson at a mass of 125 GeV with the CMS experiment at the LHC". Physics Letters B 716 (1): 30–61. doi:10.1016/j.physletb.2012.08.021. Bibcode2012PhLB..716...30C. 
  6. ATLAS collaboration (2012). "Observation of a New Particle in the Search for the Standard Model Higgs Boson with the ATLAS Detector at the LHC". Physics Letters B 716 (1): 1–29. doi:10.1016/j.physletb.2012.08.020. Bibcode2012PhLB..716....1A.