3D model (JSmol)
|Molar mass||10.02012 g mol−1|
|176.83 J K−1 mol−1|
Std enthalpy of
|321.20 kJ mol−1|
|NIOSH (US health exposure limits):|
|TWA 0.002 mg/m3|
C 0.005 mg/m3 (30 minutes), with a maximum peak of 0.025 mg/m3 (as Be)
|Ca C 0.0005 mg/m3 (as Be)|
IDLH (Immediate danger)
|Ca [4 mg/m3 (as Be)]|
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
Beryllium monohydride (BeH) is an example of a molecule with a half-bond order according to molecular orbital theory. It is a metastable monoradical species which has only been observed in the gas phase. In beryllium monohydride, beryllium has a valency of one, and hydrogen has a valency of one.
BeH has only 5 electrons and is the simplest open shell neutral molecule, and is therefore extremely important for the benchmarking of ab initio methods. With such a light mass, it is also an important benchmark system for studying the breakdown of the Born-Oppenheimer approximation. Due to its simplicity, BeH is expected to be present in astronomical contexts such as exoplanetary atmospheres, cool stars, and the interstellar medium, but so far has only been found on our Sun. Because of the long lifetime (by nuclear physics standards) of 11Be, 11BeH is the leading candidate for the formation of the first halo nucleonic molecule.
BeH has been studied spectroscopically since 1928 and in over 80 theoretical studies (see  for a review).
The dimeric molecule Be2H2 has also been observed in an argon matrix at 10 K
- NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards. "#0054". National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/npg/npgd0054.html.
- Dattani, Nikesh S. (2015). "Beryllium monohydride (BeH): Where we are now, after 86years of spectroscopy". Journal of Molecular Spectroscopy 311: 76–83. doi:10.1016/j.jms.2014.09.005. Bibcode: 2015JMoSp.311...76D. https://www.academia.edu/12040610.
- Dattani, Nikesh S. (2015). "Beryllium monohydride (BeH): Where we are now, after 86 years of spectroscopy". Journal of Molecular Spectroscopy 311: 76–83. doi:10.1016/j.jms.2014.09.005. Bibcode: 2015JMoSp.311...76D.
- Thomas J. Tague Jr., Lester Andrews (1993). "Reactions of beryllium atoms with hydrogen. Matrix infrared spectra of novel product molecules". J. Am. Chem. Soc. 115 (25): 12111–12116. doi:10.1021/ja00078a057. .
Original source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beryllium monohydride. Read more