3D model (JSmol)
|Molar mass||309.07 g/mol|
|Melting point||61.3 °C (142.3 °F; 334.4 K)|
|Boiling point||69.14 °C (156.45 °F; 342.29 K)|
|Pnma, No. 62|
|Main hazards||Strong oxidizer|
|NFPA 704 (fire diamond)|
|Platinum(IV) fluoride |
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
|what is ?)(|
Platinum hexafluoride is the chemical compound with the formula PtF6, and is one of seventeen known binary hexafluorides. It is a dark-red volatile solid that forms a red gas. The compound is a unique example of platinum in the +6 oxidation state. With only four d-electrons, it is paramagnetic with a triplet ground state. PtF6 is a strong fluorinating agent and one of the strongest oxidants, capable of oxidising xenon and O2. PtF6 is octahedral in both the solid state and in the gaseous state. The Pt-F bond lengths are 185 picometers.
- Pt + 3 F2 → PtF6
- 2 PtCl2 + 5 F2 → 2 PtF5 + 2 Cl2
- 2 PtF5 → PtF6 + PtF4
Platinum hexafluoride can gain an electron to form the hexafluoroplatinate anion, PtF−6. It is formed by reacting platinum hexafluoride with relatively uncationisable elements and compounds, for example with xenon to form "XePtF6" (actually a mixture of XeFPtF5, XeFPt2F11, and Xe2F3PtF6), known as xenon hexafluoroplatinate. The discovery of this reaction in 1962 proved that noble gases form chemical compounds. Previous to the experiment with xenon, PtF6 had been shown to react with oxygen to form [O2]+[PtF6]−, dioxygenyl hexafluoroplatinate.
- Chloroplatinic acid
- Drews, T.; Supel, J.; Hagenbach, A.; Seppelt, K. "Solid State Molecular Structures of Transition Metal Hexafluorides" Inorganic Chemistry 2006, volume 45, pp 3782-3788.doi:10.1021/ic052029f
- Weinstock, B.; Claassen, H. H.; Malm, J. G. (1957). "Platinum Hexafluoride". Journal of the American Chemical Society 79 (21): 5832. doi:10.1021/ja01578a073.
- Holleman, A. F.; Wiberg, E. "Inorganic Chemistry" Academic Press: San Diego, 2001. ISBN:0-12-352651-5.
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