Lethe Vallis, as seen by HiRISE. Flow was from southwest to northeast. Wider part of Lethe Vallis had less erosive power, so mesas are left behind from pre-existing material. Scale bar is 500 meters long.
Lethe Vallis is a valley in the Elysium Planitia on Mars, located at 4° North and 206.5° West. It is 225 km long and is named after river Lethe in Katmai National Monument, Alaska , USA. Lethe Vallis originates at the SE margin of the West Elysium Basin (Cerberus Palus). West Elysium Basin probably contained a lake that was 500 km across and received water from Athabasca Vallis. It was probably formed in just days or weeks and had a discharge about like the Mississippi. Some have suggested it was formed from lava flows, but lava would not be able to flow over such a low gradient for so long a distance.
- "Lethe Vallis". Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature. USGS Astrogeology Research Program.
- Balme M. R. (2011). "Fill and spill in Lethe Vallis: a recent flood-routing system in Elysium Planitia, Mars". in M. R. Balme. Martian Geomorphology. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, vol. 356, issue 1. 356. MPG Books. 203–227. doi:10.1144/SP356.11. ISBN 9781862393301. Bibcode: 2011GSLSP.356..203B. https://books.google.com/books?id=F_cvPNj6f5MC&q=Elysium&pg=PA203.
Original source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lethe Vallis. Read more