Astronomy:Terby (crater)

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Martian impact crater Terby based on THEMIS Day IR.png
CoordinatesCoordinates: 28°18′S 285°54′W / 28.3°S 285.9°W / -28.3; -285.9
Diameter174 km (108 mi)

Terby is a crater on the northern edge of Hellas Planitia, Mars. It is in the Iapygia quadrangle. The 174-kilometre-diameter (108 mi) crater is centered at 28°S, 73°E with an elevation of −5 km (−3.1 mi). It is named after François J. Terby. It is the site of an ancient lakebed and has clay deposits.[1] Using data from Mars Global Surveyor, Mars Odyssey, Mars Express, and Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter missions researchers believe Terby's layers were formed from sediments settling under water. Crater counts show this happened during the Noachian period. It used to be thought that Terby Crater contained a large delta.[2] However, newer observations have led researchers to think of the layered sequence as part of a group of layers that may have extended all the across Hellas. There is no valley large enough at the northern rim of Terby to have carried the large amount of sediments necessary to produce the layers. Other details in the layers argue against Terby's containing a delta.[3] Fan deposits are some of the thickest on Mars. Hydrated minerals, including iron/magnesium phyllosilicates, have been detected in several layers.[4]


See also


  1. Murchie, S. et al. 2009. "A synthesis of Martian aqueous mineralogy after 1 Mars year of observations from the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter". Journal of Geophysical Research: 114.
  2. Ansan, V. et al. 2005. "Analysis of layered deposits in Terby crater Hellas region, Mars) using multiple datasets MOC, THEMIS, and OMEGA/MEX date". Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, XXXVI (CD-ROM). Abstract 1324.
  3. Cabrol, N. and E. Grin (eds.). 2010. Lakes on Mars. Elsevier. NY.
  4. Ansan, V., D. Loizeau, M. Mangold, S., Le Mouélic, J. Carter, F. Poulet, G. Dromart, A. Lucas, J.-P. Bibring, A. Gendrin, B. Gondet, Y. Langevin, Ph. Massond, S. Murchie, J. Mustard, G. Neukum. 2011. "Stratigraphy, mineralogy, and origin of layered deposits inside Terby crater, Mars". Icarus: 211, 273–304.

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