Astronomy:Apollinaris Mons

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Apollinaris Mons
MOLA apollinaris patera.jpg
Topography map of Apollinaris Mons
CoordinatesCoordinates: 9°18′S 174°24′E / 9.3°S 174.4°E / -9.3; 174.4[1]

Apollinaris Mons[1] is an ancient shield volcano in the southern hemisphere of Mars. It is situated near the equator, south of Elysium Planitia and north of the impact crater Gusev (the landing site of the Mars rover Spirit). Elysium Planitia separates it from the volcanic province of Elysium to its northwest. The volcano's caldera is named Apollinaris Patera;[2] this name formerly applied to the whole edifice.

Apollinaris Mons is about 5 kilometres high with a base about 296 kilometres in diameter.[3] On the top of this volcano is a caldera about 80 km (50 miles) in diameter. The volcano is approximately 3 billion[4] to 3.5 billion years old.[5]

It was named in 1973 after a mountain spring near Rome in Italy.

A study using a global climate model found that the Medusae Fossae Formation could have been formed from ash from Apollinaris Mons, Arsia Mons, and possibly Pavonis Mons.[6]

Paleomagnetic field studies

Apollinaris Patera parallels many of the volcanic terrains on Mars, including most of the Elysium and Tharsis Rises, in that they are demagnetized terrains that conspicuously predate the shutdown of the Martian dynamo. The mechanism of its deactivation has been compared to that of Hadriacus Mons. Researchers observing this noted that the deposition of lavas atop an older, more magnetized terrain might have led to the region's demagnetization. Its existence thus does not challenge hypotheses about the timing of the dynamo shutdown.[7]

Gallery

Interactive Mars map

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See also

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Apollinaris Mons". Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature. USGS Astrogeology Science Center. http://planetarynames.wr.usgs.gov/Feature/14307. 
  2. "Apollinaris Patera". Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature. USGS Astrogeology Science Center. http://planetarynames.wr.usgs.gov/Feature/323. 
  3. "Google Mars". http://www.google.com/mars/#lat=-9.058702&lon=177.121582&zoom=6&q=Apollinaris+Patera. 
  4. "APOD: May 13, 1999 - Mars Volcano Apollinaris Patera". https://apod.nasa.gov/apod/ap990513.html. 
  5. "23. Apollinaris Patera Elysium Planitia, Mars". https://www.lpi.usra.edu/publications/slidesets/3dsolarsystem/slide_23.html. 
  6. Kerber L., et al. 2012. The disporsal of pyroclasts from ancient explosive volcanoes on Mars: Implications for the friable layered deposits. Icarus. 219:358-381.
  7. Morschhauser, AM; Vervelidou, F; Thomas, P; Grott, M; Lesur, V; Gilder, SA (2018). "Mars' Crustal Magnetic Field". Magnetic Fields in the Solar System. Dordrecht: Springer. ISBN 9783319642918.