Astronomy:Müller (Martian crater)

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Müller
Martian impact crater Müller based on THEMIS Day IR.png
Martian impact crater Müller based on THEMIS image.
PlanetMars
CoordinatesCoordinates: 25°44′S 127°53′E / 25.74°S 127.89°E / -25.74; 127.89
Diameter120.51 km

Müller is a 120.5 kilometer crater in the Martian southern hemisphere, at 25.74°S, 127.89°E,[1][2] located in the Terra Cimmeria region of the Mare Tyrrhenum quadrangle of Mars.[3] According to the International Astronomical Union's Working Group for Planetary System Nomenclature, Müller is jointly named for Hermann Joseph Muller, an American geneticist and anti-nuclear weapons activist, and Carl H. Müller, a German astronomer.[1] Ejecta from the Müller crater divides two Noachian era drainage basins.[4]

Muller Crater has a central peak. Impact craters generally have a rim with ejecta around them, in contrast volcanic craters usually do not have a rim or ejecta deposits. As craters get larger (greater than 10 km in diameter) they usually have a central peak.[5] The peak is caused by a rebound of the crater floor following the impact.[6] Its rim has probably been eroded away.

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Müller". Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature. USGS Astrogeology Research Program.
  2. Bob Kanefsky. "Roving Mouse Mars Atlas". http://www.roving-mouse.com/planetary/Mars/Atlas/features/maps/m/muller.html. 
  3. Anthony Laudun (2014-02-15). "Small Pale Red Planet Issue 6 Phase 7; The Mare Tyrrhenum Region". http://alaudun17.blogspot.com/2014/02/small-pale-red-planet-issue-6-phase-7.html. 
  4. Rossman P. Irwin III; Alan D. Howard (2002). "Drainage basin evolution in Noachian Terra Cimmeria, Mars". Journal of Geophysical Research 107 (E7): 5056. doi:10.1029/2001JE001818. Bibcode2002JGRE..107.5056I. 
  5. "Stones, Wind, and Ice: A Guide to Martian Impact Craters". http://www.lpi.usra.edu/publications/slidesets/stones/. 
  6. Hugh H. Kieffer (1992). Mars. University of Arizona Press. ISBN 978-0-8165-1257-7. https://books.google.com/books?id=NoDvAAAAMAAJ. Retrieved 7 March 2011. 

See also