Astronomy:Lockyer (Martian crater)

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Short description: Martian crater
Location of Lockyer Crater
CoordinatesCoordinates: 27°50′N 160°31′E / 27.84°N 160.51°E / 27.84; 160.51
Diameter71.35 km

Lockyer is a crater in the Elysium quadrangle of Mars. It was named after Norman Lockyer, a British astronomer (1836-1920).[1] Lockyer is surrounded by relatively smooth plains, where there are few craters. It is east of Elysium Mons and Hecates Tholus, two large volcanoes. It is south of the larger crater Adams and the Phlegra Montes.

Impact craters generally have a rim with ejecta around them, in contrast volcanic craters usually do not have a rim or ejecta deposits. As craters get larger (greater than 10 km in diameter) they usually have a central peak.[2] The peak is caused by a rebound of the crater floor following the impact.[3]

See also


  1. "Lockyer". Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature. USGS Astrogeology Research Program.
  2. "Stones, Wind, and Ice: A Guide to Martian Impact Craters". 
  3. Hugh H. Kieffer (1992). Mars. University of Arizona Press. ISBN 978-0-8165-1257-7. Retrieved 7 March 2011.