Astronomy:List of rocks on Mars

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Alphabetical list of named rocks and meteorites found on Mars

This is an alphabetical list of named rocks (and meteorites) found on Mars, by mission. This list does not include Martian meteorites found on Earth.

Names for Mars rocks are largely unofficial designations used for ease of discussion purposes, as the International Astronomical Union's official Martian naming system declares that objects smaller than 100 m (330 ft) are not to be given official names. Because of this, some less significant rocks seen in photos returned by Mars rovers have been named more than once, and others have even had their names changed later due to conflicts or even matters of opinion. Often rocks are named after the children or family members of astronauts or NASA employees. The name Jazzy, for example, was taken from a girl named Jazzy who grew up in Grand Junction, CO, USA. Her father worked for NASA and contributed to the findings and naming of the rocks.

1976 – Viking program: Viking 1 and Viking 2 landers

See also: Viking program

Viking 1 Lander – July 20, 1976; Last Earth Contact – November 13, 1982.[1][2]
Viking 1 was operational on Mars for 2245 sols (2307 days; 6 years, 116 days).
Mars landing coordinates: 22°29′N 49°58′W / 22.48°N 49.97°W / 22.48; -49.97 (Viking 1 lander)[1]

Viking 2 Lander – September 3, 1976; Last Earth Contact – April 11, 1980.[1][3]
Viking 2 was operational on Mars for 1281 sols (1316 days; 3 years, 221 days).
Mars landing coordinates: 47°58′N 225°44′W / 47.97°N 225.74°W / 47.97; -225.74 (Viking 2 lander)[1]
(Raw Images - Camera/Sol and 1-JPL and 2-JPL + NASA Image Viewer.)

Panorama of rocks near the Viking 1 Lander (July 20, 1976) - First "clear" image ever transmitted from the surface of Mars.
Panorama of rocks near the Viking 1 Lander (July 23, 1976).
Panorama of rocks near the Viking 2 Lander (1976).

1997 – Sojourner rover (Mars Pathfinder)

Sojourner rover – July 4, 1997; Last Earth Contact – September 27, 1997.[4]
Sojourner was operational on Mars for 92 sols (95 days; 95 days).
Mars landing coordinates: 19°7′48″N 33°13′12″W / 19.13°N 33.22°W / 19.13; -33.22 (Sojourner rover (Mars Pathfinder))
(Raw Images - 1-Camera/Sol and 2-Camera/Sol and 3-Camera/Sol and 1-JPL and 2-JPL + NASA Image Viewer.)

  • Anthill
  • Auto
  • Baby Otter
  • Bama
  • Bambam
  • Barnacle Bill
  • Barsoom
  • Basket
  • Bebob
  • Blackhawk
  • Book Shelf
  • Booboo
  • Bosco
  • Boyle
  • Brak
  • Brick
  • Broken Wall
  • Bug
  • Bullwinkle
  • Bunky
  • Cabbage Patch
  • Calvin
  • Cardiac Hill
  • Casper
  • Chimp
  • Clumk
  • Contour
  • Couch
  • Cradle
  • Darth Vader
  • Desert Princess
  • Dilbert
  • Dilbert's Boss
  • Dogbert
  • Dragon
  • Duck
  • Elvis
  • Ender
  • Flat Top
  • Flipper
  • Flute Top
  • Frog
  • Froggy
  • Garfield
  • Garibaldi
  • Garrak
  • Geordi
  • Ginger
  • Goldilocks
  • Goose
  • Gosling
  • Grandma
  • Grizzly
  • Grommit
  • Gumby
  • Half Dome
  • Hamster
  • Hardstop
  • Hassock
  • Hedgehog
  • Hero
  • Hippo
  • Hobbs
  • Homer
  • Hoppy
  • Iggie
  • Iguana
  • Indiana Jones
  • Jailhouse
  • Janeway
  • Jazzy
  • Jedi
  • Jimmy Cricket
  • Kitten
  • Lamb
  • Landon
  • Little Flat Top
  • Longhorn
  • Lookout
  • Lozenge
  • Lumpy
  • Lunchbox
  • Mafalda
  • Marvin the Martian
  • Matterhorn
  • Mesa
  • Mini
  • Mint Julep
  • Moe
  • Mohawk
  • Mouse
  • Mr. Mole
  • Nibbles
  • Nigel
  • Obelisk
  • Otter
  • Pancake
  • Paz
  • Penguin
  • Picnic
  • Piglet
  • Pinky
  • Pinocchio
  • Piper
  • Platypus
  • Pokey
  • Poohbear
  • Poptart
  • Potato
  • Pumpkin
  • Pyramid
  • Pyramid Point
  • Ratbert
  • Ren
  • Rocky
  • Rolling Stone
  • Rye Bread
  • Sandworm
  • Sardine
  • Sassafras
  • Scooby Doo
  • Scout
  • Seawolf
  • Shaggy
  • Shark
  • Simba
  • Sisyphus
  • Smidgen
  • Snoopy
  • Snowy
  • Snukums
  • Souffle
  • Squash
  • Squeeze
  • Space Ghost
  • Spock
  • Spud
  • Stack
  • Stimpy
  • Stripe
  • Stump
  • Sulu
  • T. Rex
  • The Dice
  • Tick
  • Tigger
  • Titus
  • Torres
  • Troll
  • Trooper
  • Turtle
  • Tweak
  • Valentine
  • Warthog
  • Wedge
  • Woodie
  • Yogi
  • Zaphod
  • Zorak
  • Zucchini
Panorama of rocks near the Sojourner rover (July 10, 1997).
Panorama of rocks near the Sojourner rover (December 5, 1997).

2004 – Spirit rover (MER-A)

Spirit Rover – January 4, 2004; Last Earth Contact – May 25, 2011.[5]
Spirit was operational on Mars for 2208 sols (2249 days; 6 years, 77 days).
Mars landing coordinates: 14°34′06″S 175°28′21″E / 14.5684°S 175.472636°E / -14.5684; 175.472636 (Spirit rover)[6]
(Raw Images - Camera/Sol and JPL + NASA Image Viewer.)

  • Aboa
  • Adirondack
  • Allan Hills (iron meteorite)
  • Arctowski
  • Belgrand
  • Bread-Basket
  • Casey Station
  • Castilla
  • ChanCheng
  • Cheyenne
  • Clovis
  • Coba
  • Cobra Hoods
  • Concordia
  • Davis
  • Druzhnaya
  • Ebenezer
  • El Dorado
  • Esperanza
  • Faget (geological feature)
  • Ferraz
  • Garruchaga
  • Gueslega
  • Halley
  • Home Plate (geological feature)
  • Humphrey
  • Juan Carlos
  • Jubany
  • King George Island
  • Kohnen
  • Korolev
  • Macquarie
  • Magic Carpet
  • Marambio
  • Mazatzal
  • Melchior
  • Mimi
  • Molodezhnaya
  • Montalva
  • Oberth (geological feature)
  • O Higgens
  • Orcadas
  • Pot of Gold
  • Prat
  • Primero
  • Riquelme
  • San Martin
  • Sashimi
  • Scott Base
  • Sejong
  • Signy
  • Sobral
  • Stone Council
  • Sushi
  • Tetl
  • Tor
  • Tyrone
  • Vernadsky
  • Vostok
  • Wasa
  • White Boat
  • Wishstone
  • Zhong Shan (iron meteorite)
Panorama of rocks near the Spirit roverGusev Crater "Winter Haven" ("McMurdo") (August 17, 2006) (high-resolution description).
Panorama of rocks near the Spirit rover – Gusev Crater (August 5, 2004).

2004 – Opportunity rover (MER-B)

Opportunity rover – January 25, 2004; Last Earth Contact June 10, 2018.[7][8]
Opportunity was operational on Mars for 5110 sols (5250 days; 14 years, 136 days).
Mars landing coordinates: 1°56′46″S 354°28′24″E / 1.9462°S 354.4734°E / -1.9462; 354.4734 (Opportunity rover)[6]
(Raw Images - Camera/Sol and JPL + NASA Image Viewer.)

Panorama of rocks near the Opportunity rover – Eagle crater (March 5, 2004).
Panorama of rocks near the Opportunity rover – Payson outcrop – Erebus crater (February 26, 2006).

2008 – Phoenix lander

Phoenix lander – May 25, 2008; Green Valley, Vastitas BorealisLast Earth Contact – November 10, 2008.[12]
Phoenix was operational on Mars for 157 sols (161 days; 161 days).
Mars landing coordinates: 68°13′N 125°42′W / 68.22°N 125.7°W / 68.22; -125.7 (Phoenix lander) (68°13′11.9994″N 125°42′0″W / 68.219999833°N 125.7°W / 68.219999833; -125.7 (Phoenix lander))
(Raw Images - Camera/Sol and JPL + NASA Image Viewer.)

  • Baby Bear
  • Burn Alive
  • Burn Alive 3
  • Dodo
  • Goldilocks
  • Lower Cupboard
  • Mama Bear
  • Neverland
  • Papa Bear
  • Rosy Red 2
  • Rosy Red 3
  • Runaway
  • Snow White
  • Stone Soup
  • Upper Cupboard
Panorama of rocks near the Phoenix lander (May 25, 2008).
Panorama of rocks near the Phoenix lander (August 19, 2008).

2012 – Curiosity rover (Mars Science Laboratory)

Curiosity rover – August 6, 2012; Gale crater; CURRENTLY ACTIVE.[13]
As of 1, {{C Curiosity h for 3195 sols (3282 total days; 8 years, 360 days).
Mars landing coordinates: 4°35′22″S 137°26′30″E / 4.5895°S 137.4417°E / -4.5895; 137.4417 (Curiosity rover) (4°35′22.2″S 137°26′30.1194″E / 4.5895°S 137.441699833°E / -4.5895; 137.441699833 (Curiosity rover))
(Raw Images - Camera and Sol and 1-JPL and 2-JPL + NASA Image Viewer.)

  • Alexander Hills (area)
  • Amargosa Valley (area)
  • Bathurst Inlet
  • Bonanza King
  • Book Cliffs (area)
  • Buckskin
  • Burwash
  • Chinle (area)
  • Confidence Hills (area)
  • Coronation
  • Crest
  • Crestaurum
  • Cumberland
  • Darwin Outcrop
  • Dingo Gap (area)
  • Discovery Ridge (area)
  • Egg Rock (meteorite)
  • Ekwir_1
  • Et-Then
  • Garden City (area)
  • Gillespie (area)
  • Gillespie Lake
  • Glenelg (area)
  • Goulburn
  • Harrison
  • Hidden Valley (area)
  • High Dune (area)
  • Hottah
  • Ithaca
  • Jake Matijevic
  • John Klein-A/B/C
  • Kimberley (area)
  • Knorr[14]
  • Lamoose
  • Lebanon (iron meteorite)
  • Link
  • Little Colonsay
  • Missoula
  • Mojave (area)
  • Mojave 2
  • Murray Unit (area)
  • Namib Dune (area)
  • Not Bones
  • Nova
  • Old Soaker
  • Pahrump Hills (area)
  • Panorama Point (area)
  • Pink Cliffs (area)
  • Point Lake (area)
  • Portage[15]
  • Rapitan
  • Rocknest (area)
  • Rocknest 3[16]
  • Sayunei
  • Selwyn
  • Shaler[17][18]
  • Sheepbed
  • Shoemaker
  • Snake River[19]
  • Stimson unit (area)
  • Strathdon
  • Sutton Inlier (area)[14]
  • Telegraph Peak (area)
  • Tintina[14][20]
  • Twin Cairns Island (area)
  • Unnamed-20120902
  • Unnamed-20180102
  • Vera Rubin Ridge (area)
  • Waypoint 1 (area)
  • Wernecke[14]
  • Whale
  • Wildrose
  • Windjana
  • Winnipesaukee
  • Yellowjacket
  • Yellowknife Bay (area)
Panorama of rocks as viewed by the Curiosity rover – near Bradbury Landing (August 9, 2012).
Panorama of rocks near Mount Sharp as viewed from the Curiosity rover (September 20, 2012; white balanced; raw color).
Panorama of rocks near the Curiosity rover at "Rocknest" (November 16, 2012; white balanced; raw color; interactives).

Template:Wide Image

Panorama of rocks in "Hidden Valley" near the "Pahrump Hills" on Mount Sharp as viewed by the Curiosity rover (September 11, 2014).
Panorama of rocks at the "Mojave" site on Mount Sharp (January 31, 2015).
Panorama of the rocky slopes of Mount Sharp (September 9, 2015).
Panorama of rocks viewed by Curiosity on the slopes (at 327 m (1,073 ft) elevation) of Mount Sharp (October 25, 2017; video (1:53)).
Panorama of rocks viewed by Curiosity on the slopes of Mount Sharp (December 1, 2019; video (3:09)).
Panorama of rocks near the Curiosity rover – at Yellowknife Bay around sunset (February 2013; Sun simulated by artist).
Rocks viewed by Curiosity - Effect of 2018 dust storm winds[28]
Before dust storm winds (September 14, 2018)
After dust storm winds (October 25, 2018)
Mars Curiosity rover - 26 Drill Holes (July 1, 2020)

2018 – InSight lander

InSight lander – May 8, 2018; Elysium Planitia; CURRENTLY ACTIVE.
As of 1, {{C InSight has r 953 sols (979 days; 2 years, 248 days).
Mars landing coordinates: 4°30′09″N 135°37′24″E / 4.5024°N 135.6234°E / 4.5024; 135.6234 (InSight lander) (4°30′8.6394″N 135°37′24.24″E / 4.502399833°N 135.6234°E / 4.502399833; 135.6234 (InSight lander))
(Raw Images - NASA and JPL + NASA Image Viewer.)

Panorama of InSight lander landing site (December 9, 2018)

2021 – Perseverance rover (Mars 2020)

Perseverance rover – February 18, 2021; Jezero crater; CURRENTLY ACTIVE.
As of 1, {{C Perseverance' ve for Template:Perseverance Mission Timer sols (164 total days; 164 days).
Mars landing coordinates: 18°26′41″N 77°27′03″E / 18.4447°N 77.4508°E / 18.4447; 77.4508 (Peseverance rover) (18°26′40.92″N 77°27′2.88″E / 18.4447°N 77.4508°E / 18.4447; 77.4508 (Curiosity rover))
(Raw Images - Camera and Sol and 1-JPL + 2-JPL + 3-JPL + NASA Image Viewer.)

  • Landing Site (area)
  • Wind-carved rock
  • Delta sediment
  • Máaz – 1st study target
  • Máaz
  • Odd Rock
  • Yeehgo
Panorama from Perseverance's Octavia E. Butler Landing site (February 18, 2021)
Panorama from Perseverance's Octavia E. Butler Landing site − Wind-carved rock (February 24, 2021)
Panorama from Perseverance's Octavia E. Butler Landing site (February 21, 2021)
Panorama from Perseverance's Octavia E. Butler Landing site (ultra-high-rez; February 22, 2021)
Panorama includes Perseverance rover and Ingenuity helicopter near Octavia E. Butler Landing site (April 6, 2021)

Other rock formations

See also


References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Williams, David R. Dr. (December 18, 2006). "Viking Mission to Mars". NASA. http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/planetary/viking.html. 
  2. Nelson, Jon. "Viking 1". NASA. http://www.jpl.nasa.gov/missions/viking-1/. 
  3. Nelson, Jon. "Viking 2". NASA. http://www.jpl.nasa.gov/missions/viking-2/. 
  4. Nelson, Jon. "Mars Pathfinder / Sojourner Rover". NASA. http://www.jpl.nasa.gov/missions/details.php?id=5913. 
  5. Nelson, Jon. "Mars Exploration Rover - Spirit". NASA. http://www.jpl.nasa.gov/missions/details.php?id=5917. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 Staff. "Mapping the Mars Rovers' Landing Sites". Esri. http://www.esri.com/news/arcuser/0404/mapmars3of3.html. 
  7. Agle, DC; Brown, Dwayne; Wendel, JoAnna (13 February 2019). "NASA's Opportunity Rover Mission on Mars Comes to End". NASA. https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/news/news.php?feature=7334. 
  8. Nelson, Jon. "Mars Exploration Rover - Opportunity". NASA. http://www.jpl.nasa.gov/missions/mars-exploration-rover-opportunity-mer/. 
  9. Chang, Kenneth (7 June 2013). "Martian Rock Another Clue to a Once Water-Rich Planet". New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2013/06/08/science/space/martian-rock-another-clue-to-a-once-water-rich-planet.html. 
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 O'Neill, Ian (January 17, 2014). "Mystery Rock 'Appears' in Front of Mars Rover". Space.com. http://www.space.com/24330-mars-rover-mystery-rock-appears.html. 
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 Chang, Kenneth (January 24, 2014). "Mars Rover Marks an Unexpected Anniversary With a Mysterious Discovery". New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2014/01/24/science/space/mars-rover-marks-an-unexpected-anniversary-with-a-mysterious-discovery.html. 
  12. Nelson, Jon. "Phoenix". NASA. http://www.jpl.nasa.gov/missions/phoenix/. 
  13. Nelson, Jon. "Mars Science Laboratory Curiosity Rover". NASA. http://www.jpl.nasa.gov/missions/mars-science-laboratory-curiosity-rover-msl/. 
  14. 14.0 14.1 14.2 14.3 14.4 14.5 14.6 14.7 14.8 Webster, Guy; Brown, Dwayne (March 18, 2013). "Curiosity Mars Rover Sees Trend In Water Presence". NASA. http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/msl/news/whatsnew/index.cfm?FuseAction=ShowNews&NewsID=1446. 
  15. Staff (December 3, 2012). "A Sampling of Martian Soils". NASA. http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/msl/multimedia/images/?ImageID=4909. 
  16. Staff (November 22, 2012). "Thanksgiving on Mars: Working Holiday for Curiosity Rover". Space.com. http://www.space.com/18594-mars-thanksgiving-curiosity-rover.html. 
  17. Staff (December 11, 2012). "PIA16550: Layered Martian Outcrop 'Shaler' in 'Glenelg' Area". NASA. http://photojournal.jpl.nasa.gov/catalog/PIA16550. 
  18. Hoagland, Richard C. (December 4, 2012). "NASA Announces Curiosity Rover To Investigate Mysterious Linear Features, Called "Shaler"". Enterprise Mission. http://www.enterprisemission.com/marsapartments.html. 
  19. 19.0 19.1 Staff (January 4, 2013). "PIA16564: 'Snake River' Rock Feature Viewed by Curiosity Mars Rover". NASA. http://photojournal.jpl.nasa.gov/catalog/PIA16564. 
  20. 20.0 20.1 20.2 Rincon, Paul (March 19, 2013). "Curiosity breaks rock to reveal dazzling white interior". BBC. https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-21340279. 
  21. 21.0 21.1 Webster, Guy; Brown, Dwayne; Cantillo, Laurie (November 2, 2016). "Curiosity Mars Rover Checks Odd-looking Iron Meteorite". NASA. http://www.jpl.nasa.gov/news/news.php?feature=6667. 
  22. Anderson, Paul Scott (February 3, 2013). "Curiosity 'hammers' a rock and completes first drilling tests". The Meridiani Journal. http://themeridianijournal.com/2013/02/curiosity-hammers-a-rock-and-completes-first-drilling-tests/. 
  23. Brown, Dwayne (October 30, 2012). "NASA Rover's First Soil Studies Help Fingerprint Martian Minerals". NASA. http://www.nasa.gov/home/hqnews/2012/oct/HQ_12-383_Curiosity_CheMin.html. 
  24. David, Leonard (January 5, 2018). "Structures on Mars". Space.com. https://www.space.com/39294-mars-rover-curiosity-weird-tube-structures.html. 
  25. Edwards, Christopher (January 3, 2018). "Sols 1913-1924: Curiosity's Working Holiday". NASA. https://mars.nasa.gov/msl/mission/mars-rover-curiosity-mission-updates/?mu=sols-1913-1924-curiositys-working-holiday. 
  26. Adamson, Allan (March 5, 2018). "Scientist May Have Found Evidence Of Fossilized Alien Tracks On Planet Mars". TechTimes.com. http://www.techtimes.com/articles/222402/20180305/scientist-may-have-found-evidence-of-fossilized-alien-tracks-on-planet-mars.htm. 
  27. Howell, Elizabeth (March 6, 2018). "No, Those Aren’t Animal Tracks on Mars". Space.com. https://www.space.com/39894-mars-rock-features-not-animal-tracks.html. 
  28. Rice, Melissa (October 29, 2018). "Sol 2216: A Windswept Workspace". NASA. https://mars.nasa.gov/msl/mission/mars-rover-curiosity-mission-updates/?mu=sol-2216-a-windswept-workspace. 
  29. Kooser, Amanda (12 June 2019). "Star Trek on Mars: NASA spots Starfleet logo in dune footprint - Beam me down to Mars, Scotty.". CNET. https://www.cnet.com/news/star-trek-on-mars-nasa-spots-starfleet-logo-in-dune-footprint/. 
  30. Samson, Diane (16 June 2019). "William Shatner Takes Playful Jab At 'Star Wars' Over 'Starfleet' Symbol Found On Mars". TechTimes.com. https://www.techtimes.com/articles/244331/20190615/william-shatner-takes-playful-jab-at-star-wars-over-starfleet-symbol-found-on-mars.htm. 

External links