Kipini Crater south rim, as seen by HiRISE. Scale bar is 500 meters long.
Kipini is an impact crater in the Oxia Palus quadrangle of Mars. It is located at 26.1° N and 31.6° W It is named after Kipini, a town in Kenya. Impact craters generally have a rim with ejecta around them, in contrast volcanic craters usually do not have a rim or ejecta deposits. As craters get larger (greater than 10 km in diameter) they usually have a central peak. The peak is caused by a rebound of the crater floor following the impact. If one measures the diameter of a crater, the original depth can be estimated with various ratios. Because of this relationship, researchers have found that many Martian craters contain a great deal of material; much of it is believed to be ice deposited when the climate was different.
Kipini Crater, as seen by CTX camera (on Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter).
- "Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature | Kipini". International Astronomical Union. http://planetarynames.wr.usgs.gov/Feature/3044.
- Hugh H. Kieffer (1992). Mars. University of Arizona Press. ISBN 978-0-8165-1257-7. https://books.google.com/books?id=NoDvAAAAMAAJ. Retrieved 7 March 2011.
- Garvin, J., et al. 2002. Global geometric properities of martian impact craters. Lunar Planet Sci. 33. Abstract @1255.
Original source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Kipini (crater). Read more